Debunking the myth of the Holocaust
Photos of German concentration camps below show that prisoners had access to banks, hospital clinics, swimming pools, libraries, leisure halls and even brothels. When their time was up, they were released from the camp.
These photos show that the German National Socialists treated the concentration camp inmates humanely.
Corpses–typhus was rampant in camps
The photos of corpses being thrown into pits were of the prisoners who died in typhus epidemics.
Typhus is a disease that causes diarrhea and severe and rapid weight loss. People who die from it are usually emaciated in appearance. It is prone to occur in people whose immune resistance is lowered by insufficient food intake.
Loss of weight due to typhus in already underweight people causes the skeletal appearance of many of its victims. Another big killer in the camps was TB (tuberculosis). This wasting disease also caused a skinny appearance in sufferers.
Atrocity propaganda: The faking of photos is often employed in atrocity propaganda campaigns that are done against nations.
Allied bombing cut off food to camps
Towards the end of the war, when the bombing of the Allied forces became severe, cutting off the food supply to the camps, the camps’ burial system was overwhelmed by the number of people who got weak from lack of food and died from typhus.
Camps buried typhus victims from nearby villages and towns
In addition to the camp inmates, these camps had to bury people who lived in the surrounding locale, who were also dying in increased numbers.
Typhus ravaged Russia too
LEFT: Prisoner reads prayers to two survivors in the infirmary barracks in Dachau. Dachau Scrapbook. RIGHT: The table shows there were 1 million cases of typhus in the Ukrainian Holodomor (1932-33), 0.12 million cases of typhus during World War I (1913), and 1.3 million cases during the Russian Civil War (1913-1922). In the past, typhus was a common disease during wartime and famines. Source of table: Wikipedia
Typhus was also called “gaol fever”
Typhus was called “gaol fever” in England. Other names for the disease are “camp fever”, “jail fever”, “hospital fever”, “ship fever”, “famine fever”, “putrid fever”, and “petechial fever” (because of the rash, called petechiae, it produces). Anne Frank, who was sent to the Bergen-Belsen camp, died of typhus, which she contracted at the camp.
Left: Typhus is spread by the louse (plural is “lice”), which are carriers of the bacterial organism called Rickettsia prowazekii that causes this illness. Right: Soldiers living in the trenches are picking off lice from their clothes during WWI.
Typhus an endemic disease in institutions
Before effective antibiotics came to be in widespread use, typhus was a common disease in prisons, concentration camps, and other places where large numbers of people lived close together.
Rickettsia prowazekii is a bacterium that causes epidemic typhus.
Rickettsia prowazekii, an organism that causes typhus, seen under an electron microscope. On the left, the bacteria (bullet-shaped organisms with black centers) can be seen attacking a cell.
Is this a photo of an inmate in a German concentration camp?
IMG: A photo of an American prisoner in a Civil War era concentration camp. Photo from Andersonville
Concentration camps during wartime
Typhus was rampant during the American Civil War, and sick prisoners in Civil War concentration camps looked just like the ones in German concentration camps.
What is Gaol Fever?
Symptoms include severe headache and muscle pain, fever, delirium and a characteristic rash […]
The cause of epidemic typhus is Rickettsia prowazekii, bacteria usually transmitted by body lice. It thrives in overcrowded places where sanitation is poor and immune systems are weakened by hunger. Outbreaks were common in armies well into the 20th century, and it often killed more soldiers than combat, as in Napoleon’s 1812 retreat from Moscow. The last outbreaks of gaol fever to kill significant numbers of Europeans were in Hitler’s concentration camps.
It commonly occurred in the appalling conditions of Britain’s prisons before Victorian reformers cleaned them up, hence the name ‘gaol fever’. Being held in prison before trial could be tantamount to a sentence of death, and more died of gaol fever in the 1700s than were executed.
Four sick prisoners in American Civil War era concentration camps. Andersonville
Newham Prison (left) was called hell on earth. Durham Prison (center) and Fleet Prison (right). Typhus was common in these places, and was called “gaol fever”. Many epidemics in the 19th century and earlier attributed to “plague” were actually typhus epidemics.
Left: Mother and sick child in a British concentration camp during the Boer War. Center-left: A sick child in a concentration camp during the Boer War. Center-right: A woman with a sick child in a Boer War era British concentration camp. Right: Lice carries the bacteria (Rickettsia prowazekii) that causes typhus.
National Socialists tried to stop typhus epidemics
The National Socialists tried to counter typhus disease epidemics by shaving the heads of the prisoners. Lice, which carry the bacteria that cause typhus, live in the hair and clothes of humans.
Nits (lice eggs) in hair. They are slightly smaller than sesame seeds. On the right, a close-up of nits.
Shaving heads reduces lice
Attempts to prevent typhus epidemics by shaving people’s heads, which reduces the louse population, are why you see photos of prisoners in German concentration camps with shaven heads. (Note typhus is a different disease to typhoid. Typhus and typhoid are commonly confused with one another.)
Left: Shaving heads at Sachsenhausen Camp. Inmates walking in Auschwitz Camp.
Fumigation was an important disease control measure
In addition, the National Socialists tried to stop the epidemic by fumigating the clothing and bedding of the prisoners, which killed the lice and eggs that carried the typhus-causing bacteria. They would disinfect clothes, sheets, pillow cases and blankets by hanging them on racks and placing them in cubicles, into which Zyklon gas was released.
A dispenser that supplied hydrogen cyanide gas (Zyklon B) to the delousing chambers (chambers to disinfect clothes and similar materials) like the ones on the right. The delousing chambers would have been too small to have been used for killing large numbers of people.
Americans used DDT to control epidemics
Americans used DDT powder during WWII to kill lice and control typhus epidemics, and Europeans, including Germans, used hydrogen cyanide (hydrocyanic acid). Zyklon B is the German name for hydrogen cyanide.
Germans used cyanide to control epidemics
Hydrogen cyanide (Zyklon B) pellets were placed into dispensing machines like the machine made by the Degesch company above. It was then released in gaseous form for the disinfection operation. Disks of Zyklon B could be used as well.
Left: Cans containing hydrogen cyanide pellets (Zyklon B). Right: American soldier applies DDT powder to a fellow soldier.
Left: During WWII, Americans used DDT powder to delouse hair and clothes. Right: Lice infestation of clothing.
Life-saving measure was turned into a killing method by false testimony
Somehow, the story of Germans trying to save the lives of prisoners by fumigation of clothing and bedding got turned into the “Germans gassed 6 million Jews” myth.
Left: Lice on clothing. Right: Inmate and officer working at a delousing chamber. In the delousing procedure, lice in the clothes was killed. In the photo, the racks hold clothing. The racks are mobile and can be slid in and out of the chamber. Clothes hangers can be seen on the racks.
Shower rooms–no evidence of gassing
Despite many claims that Jewish prisoners were killed in camp shower rooms with cyanide gas, a number of scientists and engineers, including a chemist who worked at the Max Planck Institute, could not find any evidence that shower rooms were used for that purpose.
Left: Deloused clothing hung up outside the four disinfection chambers, April 1945. Dachau (Whale). Right: Doors of the disinfection chambers for delousing clothes. Note the doors have been painted over to hide the signs warning “Gas! Biohazard! Do not open!” If these were rooms for killing people, such signs would not have been written, as they would tell people they were being gassed.
Small fumigation cubicles impractical for gassing people
Also no evidence has been found that the delousing cubicles were used to kill humans. For one, the fumigation cubicles are too small to fit human beings into them. For millions to have been killed in the camps, including 1 to 4 million at Auschwitz, this would have been a very inefficient method.
Furthermore, it would have been risky for the chamber operators. Much time would have to be spent airing the cubicles out. Because of offgassing from bodies of cyanide-poisoning victims, people who handle these bodies are at high risk unless they put on a gas mask and wear gloves.
On the whole, the small fumigation cubicles were impractical for gassing people, especially large numbers of people.
Fumigation cubicles were clearly just fumigation cubicles, not killing chambers
Lice and nits prefer to settle in the seams and creases of clothing.
Furthermore, you can see that the de-lousing fumigation cubicles were equipped with racks and hangers (see below), indicating that the purpose of these cubicles was disinfection of clothes and bedding.
IMG: Delousing cubicles in a German concentration camp were used to fumigate clothes and other personal belongings of the prisoners. The mobile racks can be moved in and out of the cubicles along the tracks.
More discussion about the clothes de-lousing gas cubicles can be found in the following links:
- The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter: Auschwitz and Surroundings (link)
- Friedrich Paul Berg: Zyklon B and the German Delousing (link)
- Whale: Gas shelters and delousing chambers (link)
- Prof. Butz’s Short Introduction to Holocaust Revisionism (link)
- Gerard Menuhin: Tell the Truth and Shame the Devil (link)
In conclusion, the story that prisoners were gassed in shower rooms has too many holes and inconsistencies in it to be credible. The claims about mass gassings with cyanide that were supposed to have been done in leaky shower rooms with wooden doors are not supported by science.
Hazmat suit or other protection needs to be worn when gassing people
In current practice, a Hazmat suit and gas mask are worn by people handling patients suffering from cyanide poisoning.
LEFT: A man dressed in a Hazmat suit and wearing gloves. This protection is worn to prevent the absorption of cyanide residues through the bare skin and to stop the inhalation of deadly cyanide gas fumes that can emanate from a poisoned patient’s body. RIGHT: A drawing by an inmate of a German camp. This is highly unlikely to depict a true event. Handling poisoned bodies in this manner would have led to sickness or death.
It is highly improbable that inmates would have handled the bodies of people who had died from cyanide poisoning without wearing the proper clothing and without putting any gloves on.
They would have been exposed to highly toxic chemicals that would have come out through the pores of the skin of the dead bodies, and would have become sick.
LEFT: German workers fumigating with cyanide. Trained personnel – mostly sanitation workers – used special gas masks. The cyanide came in disk form as well as in pellets. (Picture: cwporter) RIGHT: Type of gas mask worn by Germans in the 1940s (Picture: cwporter)
Drawings show half-naked sonderkommandos handling gassed bodies
However, several pictures drawn by German camp inmates show naked men handling poisoned bodies. These pictures were used to try and sway people into believing the Holocaust story.
Drawings by former inmates of sonderkommandos removing dead gassed victims
Cyanide gas execution chambers in the U.S.
IMAGE: A cyanide gas execution chamber in the US. Note that the steel door hermetically seals the chamber. The system of pipes vents deadly cyanide gas away from the chamber.
IMAGE: San Quentin gas chamber. Only chambers of this kind can be used for executing people with dangerous gases such as cyanide gas. It took an inventor 11/2 years to perfect the design of the first execution gas chamber in the USA.
Based on the evidence above, the story of prisoners being gassed in shower rooms that had leaky wooden doors is not credible. Such gassings would either kill or sicken practically everyone around the shower rooms for a distance of several meters, including the guards standing outside.
Woody leaky buildings would not have functioned as gas chambers
Below is a typical gas chamber used for executing prisoners in the US. This is a chamber that can be tightly sealed to ensure that no lethal gas can escape and kill the people outside operating the chamber or witnessing the execution. The chair has straps to keep the prisoner tightly secure and prevent them from trying to escape, by breaking the windows, for example.
Gas chambers need a tight seal
A gas chamber for executing prisoners in America. Cyanide gas was used in these gas chambers. It was the same gas used to fumigate clothes and other personal belongings in the German camps of WWII. The door could hermetically seal the chamber, which was important to prevent the escape of lethal gas to anyone outside the chamber in the execution room.
You can see how the chambers are hermetically sealed and have ventilation pipes coming from them to vent the gas safely away after the execution.
Chambers would have to be equipped with straps to restrain the prisoners being gassed to stop them trying to escape.
Gassing people in shower rooms would have been dangerous to operators and people outside
The shower rooms that were claimed to be where camp inmates were gassed were just that––shower rooms.
Using shower rooms to gas dozens of people in one go would have been dangerous for all the camp workers involved in this operation.
IMG: A shower room which was supposed to be a gas chamber (Mauthausen Camp). The shower heads were there to fool people, according to the testimony of some camp inmates. However, it is unlikely they were used for this purpose: the doors, when closed, do not hermetically seal the room. There is no blue staining of the walls. There are no restraints holding the prisoners down either. (Photo from Further Glory)
Lack of Prussian Blue staining in “killing rooms” but plenty in fumigation cubicles
Left: Germar Rudolf, a famous revisionist researcher and chemist, formerly employed at the Max Planck Institute, is collecting samples from the external surface of a wall of a disinfecting chamber (the chamber disinfected clothes) at Birkenau Camp. The blue color is from cyanide residues. Hydrogen cyanide is also called Prussian blue. Right: Shown here is the brick wall of a delousing chamber in Birkenau (the photo was taken in August 1991). Small amounts of cyanide which diffused through the walls left tell-tale blue discoloration of the brickwork. (Photos: Germar Rudolf)
Left: Germar Rudolf inside a chamber for disinfecting clothes and personal belongings. Right: A shower room in Dachau where it is alleged inmates were gassed. Note the absence of blue discoloration of the walls. (The red arrow is pointing to a pipe which is supposed to have fed gas into the room.)
Left: Prussian blue discoloration of the brick wall of a chamber for disinfecting clothes and personal belongings at Majdanek Camp. Right: The interior of a chamber for delousing clothes, etc. Much Prussian blue staining can be seen. (Photos from Germar Rudolf)
German engineering ability was excellent and advanced
German National Socialists were noted for having excellent engineering ability. They invented the first modern rocket. They would not have built leaky gas chambers that had wooden doors, and without ventilation pipes to pipe away lethal gas – the same as no gas chamber in America would have been built without ventilation pipes.
IMAGE: Compare the steel door of the San Quentin gas chamber on the left with the wooden glazed door of the supposed gas chamber in Auschwitz on the right. (Picture on right: Auschwitz)
An execution chamber in a US prison and a model of the allegedly homicidal shower rooms. It’s hard to believe Germans were incapable of constructing proper modern-style gas chambers and used leaky shower rooms with wooden doors for mass killings.
LEFT: Germany’s V-2 rocket, the world’s first modern rocket, showcasing Germany’s engineering ability in WW2. RIGHT: Wooden door of one of the allegedly homicidal shower rooms in Auschwitz. (Link)
Video: “One-third of the Holocaust”
For a more detailed explanation about how the Holocaust story is false, watch the “One Third of the Holocaust“ series of videos at Holocaust Handbooks.
(For “Debunking the Holocaust II”, go here)
German camps–What were they really like?
Camps even had brothels
Activities that could be done in the camps include swimming, playing soccer, tending a greenhouse, horse grooming, playing in an orchestra, taking part in plays, and breeding rabbits.
There were even brothels, dental clinics (equipped with modern dental equipment), libraries, and post offices in the camps. The camps had their own currency system.
Conditions deteriorated only in the later stages of the war due to food production and distribution being disrupted by Allied bombing.
Photos of Auschwitz
Holocaust museum photographs
The photos of camp life, all from Holocaust Museums, speak for themselves. They are photographic testimonies of the camp inmates. All photos and artwork are from Holocaust museums.
Former camp guard: “Ten-star hotels”
Also, read what this former camp guard says about the internment camps: Ten-Star Hotel.
Photographs taken by inmates
Most camp inmates on liberation were not skeletal in appearance
Marriage and children
Food in the camps
Football games and concerts
Knitting, art, and gardening
Brothel in Neuengamme Camp
Health check by a doctor before visiting a brothel; room in a brothel
Orchestra of Neuengamme
New Year’s Party
Hannukah, school class
Hospital, dental surgery
Release form and farewell ceremony
Red Cross: “Death toll was 270,000”
Red Cross personnel were allowed into the German camps, as Germany was a signee of the Geneva Convention, to perform inspections of the inmates and the conditions under which they lived. They also distributed food parcels to the prisoners. As many as 9,000 food parcels were packed daily. They visited Auschwitz, the largest camp, once a month.
Red Cross also surveyed the number of deceased prisoners at the camps and kept records of this. Sealed and guarded since the end of WWII at Arolsen, Germany, the Official International Red Cross records reveal the actual concentration camp total death toll was 271,301.
Provided here is a scanned image of an Official International Red Cross document, showing the death toll. This document was released in 1979.
Red Cross and East German government figures put the total deaths at all camps as 271,301 and 282,000 respectively. This figure includes homosexuals, communists, gypsies, murderers and other criminals, as well as Jews.
Translation of the above document:
From: International Red Cross, Arolsen, West Germany
Date: 11 July 1979
Compiled from the records of deaths kept in concentration camps
Information about “Death Books” here.
Red Cross inspection report
In a 1,650 page Red Cross report, the three-volume “Report of the International Committee of the Red Cross on its Activities during the Second World War, Geneva, 1948”, there was no mention of gas chambers.
Soviet secret archives in 1989: “Death toll was 280,000”
The document, which shows death records from the National Socialist concentration camps, is stored at Arolsen, Germany. According to the Auschwitz Museum, after the fall of communism in 1989, the Soviet Union turned over 46 volumes of Death Books (Sterbebücher) to the International Committee of the Red Cross. The Soviet Union had confiscated these books from the Auschwitz camp at the end of the war. This indicates that the Soviet government knew all this time that the total death toll of all prisoners was only 280,000, not six million.
Ilya Ehrenburg, who later migrated to Israel after the fall of communism, taking his archives with him, was Stalin’s chief propagandist during the war and the architect of the “six million” story. He is also the inventor of the “soap made from Jewish fat” story and the “lampshades made from human skin” tale, stories that were widely circulated in the West after the war. As chief propagandist during the Second World War, it could have been by his orders that holes were made in the ceilings of the shower rooms and a chimney built at Auschwitz after the camps had been liberated, to fake the gassing and the burning of millions of people in crematoria.
Only 135,000 prisoners died in Auschwitz, not 4 million
The number of people who died at Auschwitz (135,000) is about 50% of the deaths (270,000) of inmates in all camps, according to the Red Cross records. Auschwitz, in Poland, was the biggest camp the Germans had.
These records, which were kept by the political department (Gestapo) at Auschwitz, show that there were around 69,000 registered prisoners who died between July 29, 1941 and December 31, 1943 in Auschwitz.
The so-called “death books” from June 14, 1940 to July 28, 1941 are missing, as are the death books from all of 1944 and January 1945.
Based on these records, the International Red Cross has estimated that a total of around 135,000 registered prisoners died in the three Auschwitz camps. Auschwitz, located in Poland. These figures include non-Jews.
Auschwitz death toll reduced by 3 million but Holocaust total not reduced by 3 million
Plaque at Auschwitz changed
Even though the plaque at Auschwitz now says that “one and a half million men, women, and children, mainly Jews” perished in the camp, after 2.5 million were dropped from the total of 4 million, the “six million” number stays fixed in fourteen Holocaust-denial law nations.
The memorial plaque in Auschwitz that was erected in 1948 says that 4 million inmates died. (1948 happens to be the year that Israel was established.) This figure was changed to 1.5 million in 1989 after the USSR released Death Registry Volumes. (Illustration by Dees).
You can be prosecuted in 14 nations for disputing “six million”
Instead of adjusting the total downwards, the governments of those 14 countries can prosecute people for saying that six million Jews did not die.
Note that the Red Cross state that 135,000 prisoners died in Auschwitz (half the total number of deaths in all camps), and the plaque at Auschwitz is still wrong.
Newspaper headline announcing that the number of deaths at Auschwitz had been reduced to a million. This occurred in 1987, after the Soviets released records that showed a total death toll of 280,000 camp prisoners.
Auschwitz was the biggest camp the Germans had
Auschwitz was the main camp of the Germans. It was a labor camp, built at this location in Poland to take advantage of its proximity to the railway network and nearby factories. It housed several smaller camps. It contained roughly one-half of the total prisoner population.
“Six million” defies simple arithmetic
People who study the Holocaust and have come to conclusions that are different to the official version are imprisoned for doing exactly what the Auschwitz museum curators have done: they revise down the number of the people who died in the camps, based on documentary evidence (Soviet-owned “Death Books” and Red Cross documents).
Just for simply doubting the six million number they are branded as racists and as deniers of “truth”.
Newspaper articles about Poland lowering the Auschwitz death toll.
Jewish population remained steady over the war
Some Worldwide Jewish Population Figures from the World Almanac and Book of Facts (New York World Telegram, New York)
|1925, p. 752||15,630,000|
|1929, p. 727||15,630,000|
|1933, p. 419||15,316,359|
|1936, p. 748||15,753,633|
|1938, p. 510||15,748,091|
|1940, p. 129||15,319,359|
|1942, p. 849||15,192,089|
|1947, p. 748||15,690,000|
|1949, p. 289||15,713,638|
From Tell the Truth and Shame the Devil (Gerard Menuhin)
“Six million” first appeared long before German camps
The “six million” figure that is often associated with large numbers of Jews suffering some calamity or misfortune was circulated long before Jews were placed in German internment camps, and even before Hitler came to power (in 1933).
It was only in 1939 that the internment of Jews and others began. (In a similar way and for a similar reason, people of Japanese ancestry were interned in large numbers in internment camps in America at the outbreak of hostilities between America and Japan. In addition, some German and Italian ethnics were put into concentration camps in the Allied nations of the West.)
The following video shows that references to “six million” Jews suffering a calamity were made in nine American and Canadian newspapers between 1915 and 1938.
References to “six million” appeared in nine newspapers from 1915-1938
And the “European Holocaust” is mentioned in one newspaper, in 1936.
1. The Sun (New York), June 6th, 1915, fifth section of the front page:
Quote: “Since the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem the Jewish people have had no darker page in their history than that which the Russian Government is writing today. Six million Jews, one-half of the Jewish people throughout the world, are being persecuted, hounded, humiliated, tortured, starved […]”
Quote: “Dear brethren, have mercy on the six million Jews in Russia and take our part! Ask the Russian Ministers why we are being tortured so mercilessly.”
2. New York Times October 18th, 1918, p.12:
Quote: “Six Million Souls Will Need Help to Resume Normal Life When War Is Ended.”
3. New York Times, September 8th, 1919, p.6:
Quote: “Mass Meeting Hears That 127,000 Jews Have Been Killed and 6,000,000 Are in Peril.”
Quote: “This fact that the population of 6,000,000 souls in Ukrainia and in Poland have received notice through action and by word that they are going to be completely exterminated––this fact stands before the whole world as the paramount issue of the present day.”
4. New York Times, November 12th, 1919, p.7:
Quote: Paul Warburg: ‘”The successive blows of contending armies have all but broken the back of European Jewry,” he said, “and have reduced to tragically unbelievable poverty, starvation and disease about 6,000,000 souls, or half the Jewish population of the earth.”‘
5. Atlanta Constitution February 23, 1920, front page:
Quote: (Article is titled “$5000 Raised to Save Suffering Jews”) “[Mr. Rusland] called upon the Atlanta Jews to arise to the occasion, and to contribute to the emergency fund in order that the lives of six millions of Jewish people may be saved.”
Quote: “[Rusland] drew a graphic picture of the starvation and suffering of the 6,000,000 Jews who live in eastern Europe and Palestine and reviewed the persecution they have undergone, not only in the last four years, but for almost a century.”
6. New York Times, May 7, 1920, p.11:
Quote: “The fund for Jewish war sufferers in Central and Eastern Europe, where six millions face horrifying conditions of famine, disease and death, was enriched yesterday by a contribution of $100,000 from Nathan Straus.”
7. New York Times, July 20, 1921, p.2:
Quote: Headline: “BEGS AMERICA SAVE 6,000,000 IN RUSSIA”
“Massacre Threatens All Jews as Soviet Power Wanes, Declares Kreinin, Coming Here for Aid.”
Quote: “Russia’s 6,000,000 Jews are facing extermination by massacre. As the famine is spreading, the counter-revolutionary movement is gaining and the Soviet’s control is waning. This statement is borne out by official documents presented to the Berlin Government, which show that numerous pogroms are raging in all parts of Russia and the Ukraine.”
8. Montreal Gazette, December 29th, 1931, p.6:
Quote: Headline: “Six Million Jews Face Starvation”
Quote: “Six million Jews in Eastern Europe face starvation, and even worse, during the coming winter.”
9. New York Times, May 1, 1936, p.14: This does not state six million but mentions the “European holocaust”
Quote: “The petition, in expressing the opinion of the enlightened Christian leadership in the United States, favoring a larger Jewish immigration into Palestine, stressed the intolerable sufferings of the millions of Jews in ‘the European Holocaust'”,
10. New York Times, Feb 23, 1938, p.23:
Quote: “A depressing picture of 6,000,000 Jews in Central Europe deprived of protection or economic opportunities, slowly dying of starvation, all hope gone, was presented to the teachers by Jacob Tarshis, known to his audience as The Lamplighter.”
New York Times, October 6, 1940, p.10: “New World Order”
NEW WORLD ORDER PLEDGED TO JEWS
Arthur Greenwood [Deputy Leader of the British Labor Party], member without portfolio in the British War Cabinet, assured the Jews of the United States that when victory was achieved an effort would be made to found a new world order based on the ideals of “justice and peace.”
Talmud: “Romans killed 40 million Jews”
Bar Kokhba was a famous fortress of the Jews that the Romans laid siege to during ancient times. In the Talmud, it is written that 40 million Jews were killed during this siege. This resembles the “Nazis killed six million in the Holocaust” story in the exaggeration about the numbers of people killed.
This drawing is from “Tales of the Holohoax”.
(For “Debunking the Holocaust II”, go here)
Hitler’s 150,000 Jewish soldiers
According to Bryan Mark Rigg, author of “Hitler’s Jewish Soldiers”, 150,000 Jews served in the German military, and some of these people were officers.
“Hitler’s Jewish Soldiers” by Bryan Mark Rigg The Greatest Story Never Told
Even though National Socialist Germany had race laws, these laws were interpreted loosely. For example, officially half-Jews were not allowed to serve in the National Socialist Army. However, many Mischlinge (half-Jews) served in the regular Germany army (Wehrmacht). The fact that these people were half-Jews was overlooked by the people in charge.
Some notable people who were Jews and served in the National Socialist Army include Helmut Schmidt, who became Chancellor of East Germany.
As many as 150,000 Jews served in Hitler’s military
… As many as 150000 Jews served in Hitlers military, some with the Nazi leader’s explicit consent, according to a U.S. historian who has interviewed hundreds of former soldiers.
Bryan Mark Rigg, history professor at the American Military University in Virginia, told Reuters on Thursday.
Read more at:
“Arbeit Macht Frei”–Working meant early release from camps
A sign above the camps’ entrance was “Arbeit Macht Frei”, which means “Work makes you free” in German. This sign was probably put there to indicate to newcomers that prisoners would be released early for working hard. The camps were labor camps; the Germans wanted to utilize the labor of the prisoners to produce the weapons and other materials needed for the war effort.
More about the Auschwitz camp at the Carlos W. Porter site.
“Work makes you free”. These signs promised prisoners the reward of early release if they worked hard
Graduation certificates from the camps
If the camp inmates fulfilled their quota of work and behaved well, they were released after a set time. Camp-leaving ceremonies were held, in which the leaving prisoner was given a certificate and a formal farewell by the camp commandant.
Above is a release certificate from Auschwitz, and below is a photo showing the camp commandant of a camp in Hamburg shaking hands with the prisoners who are being released. (Photos are from a Holocaust Museum)
A camp commandant shaking the hands of prisoners who had been released from the camp. (Photo from a Holocaust Museum)
“Arbeit Macht Frei” – “Work Makes You Free”. Prisoners were promised with early release from the camps if they worked hard in the camps. These signs are evidence that these camps were work camps.
The National Socialist camps were labor camps, not “death camps”
Prisoners were an important source of labor
It was to Germany’s advantage that the prisoners remained healthy so that they could work in the factories to produce weapons and other goods needed for the war effort.
And even before World War II, Germany ran labor camps for dissidents. In these labor camps, people were forced to work.
National socialist Germany emphasized full employment
In socialist Germany, everyone was assigned a job. If people agreed to the system, they were paid by the government in new government-issued currency. This system was very popular as it helped reduce unemployment, which had been of the main problems of the hyperinflationary period of the Weimar era. Hitler and his Nazi Party’s policies gave people the chance to feed themselves and their families, put a roof over their heads, and just as importantly, gave them dignity. By the end of 1939, unemployment, which had been 50% of the population at its peak at one point, was practically wiped out (ihr.org).
Auschwitz was a major railway hub and industrial center
Despite the claims that the concentration camps were extermination camps or “death camps” – claims mainly made by people who support the Holocaust gassing story – much evidence exists that these camps served as work camps, much in the same way as the internment camps in Germany did. Jews started to be interned in German camps in 1939.
Auschwitz, a town in Poland, was chosen as a site for a work camp by the Germans because it was a railway hub. Several railways lines from all around western Europe intersected here, making the transportation of raw materials and goods to and from the camp more convenient.
Auschwitz was a major manufacturing center, producing synthetic rubber and medical and armament supplies.
Work within the concentration camps
Prisoners at work in Monowitz factory Auschwitz III Auschwitz – Monowitz
The decision to build chemical factories at Auschwitz transformed both the camp and the town. On February 2, 1941, Herman Göring ordered the Jews in the town to be relocated to a ghetto, and German civilians moved into their former homes.
Auschwitz quickly went from a primitive Jewish town of 12,000 inhabitants to a modern German town of 40,000 people which included an influx of German engineers and their families. Both the main Auschwitz camp and the Birkenau camp were expanded in order to provide workers for the factories. Auschwitz – Monowitz
Prisoners working in the Siemens airplane factory at Bobrek sub-camp Monowitz
Above: Aircraft plant at a concentration camp
Major firms had factories in the camps: I.G. Farben, Siemens, Buna
Chemical manufacturer I.G. Farben even had a factory inside Auschwitz (PopularResistance)
This sign, “Work makes you free”, is evidence that the internment camps run by the National Socialists were work camps.
For more about the Auschwitz and how it was a work camp, see this link: The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter: Auschwitz and Surroundings
Auschwitz and Birkenau lay in upper Silesia at the junction of the Weichsel and Sola rives in the vicinity of Cracow. This zone was selected by the Germans as the location of numerous industries, because it was rich in coal, which was indispensable for the production of synthetic benzene, synthetic rubber and other substitute products. Many major German companies had branches here. The field was moreover out of range for Allied bombers at the beginning of the war and possessed good transport connections.
The IG Farben industrial complex was located between Auschwitz and Monowitz. The prison camp located here also referred to as Auschwitz III. Birkenau was often referred to as Auschwitz II. Auschwitz was the main camp on the banks of the Sola.
Read more here
Japanese were put in concentration camps by Americans
Summary of main points
- 110,000-120,000 Japanese were interned.
- 62% of those interned were American citizens.
- Internment happened after Pearl Harbor, in 1941.
- On Hawaii, 1,200-1,800 of the 150,000 Japanese living there were interned.
- Even orphaned infants and those who had 1/16 Japanese blood were interned.
- There was an order that Japanese people were to be excluded from the West Coast.
- The United Census Bureau assisted in the internment of the Japanese.
- There were eight US Department of Justice camps
- 7,000 German Americans and 3,000 Italian Americans were also interned in the Department of Justice camps.
- These concentration camps were called “detention centers”
- American camps had the same purpose as German internment camps
Pictures of camp life
The housing barracks, built by the U.S. Army engineer corps, at the internment camp where Japanese Americans are relocated to in Amache, Colo., are shown in this photo taken on June 21, 1943. AP photo HowStuffWorks
Image from internmentarchitect
A truck packed with Japanese residents of San Pedro, California, leaves the city for a temporary detention center on April 5, 1942. PHOTO: CLEM ALBERS Chicago Mag
Arriving at Santa Anita was a bewildering experience. The sight of barbed wire and armed guards shocked many Japanese Americans, who had no idea what to expect or how long they would be incarcerated. CLEM ALBERS Chicago Mag
F Street, the main Heart Mountain Relocation Center thoroughfare.
Canal Camp, one of two camps at Gila River.
Heart Mountain, Sept 1942. Making furniture from wood salvaged from the scrap pile.
Making beds out of hay.
Sitting on homemade furniture in a 20′ x 24′ room in Tule Lake, Sept. 1942. A room of this size was often home to 3 couples
Waiting to enter the mess hall.
A makeshift classroom at Rohwer, Fall, 1942. (udayton)
(For “Debunking the Holocaust II”, go here)
Diff’rent strokes for diff’rent folks: Germans used cyanide, USA used DDT
Louse carries typhus
During the Second World War, disinfection was done with DDT powder in America, and with Zyklon B (cyanide) gas in Europe. Killing lice and nits (lice eggs) was an important measure to reduce the incidence of typhus, a common killer before the use of antibiotics became widespread, especially where people lived in close quarters to one another, such as jails, labor camps, and institutions.
The louse is a vector (carrier of an organism) for Rickettsia prowazekii, the rod-like microorganism which causes typhus.
Lice lives in clothes
Clothing harbors lice and nits. They are found preferentially in the creases and seams of clothing.
DDT was used by Americans to disinfect and prevent typhus epidemics
Americans used DDT powder or “louse powder” for disinfection during WW2.
Left: Body louse; Right: Nits and lice in the seams of fabric.
DDT use by Americans to control typhus epidemics.
Left: A Soviet prisoner being doused with DDT by Allied soldiers to control lice after liberation (Dachau Scrapbook) Right: A girl’s head is covered with DDT powder.
Zyklon B (hydrogen cyanide) was used in gas cubicles to de-louse clothes in Germany
The doors to the clothes-de-lousing chambers had signs on them warning of dangerous gas being used inside.
An American soldier enters a disinfection chamber for the delousing of clothes and other items. Note the heavy steel door and the warning written on the door “Gaszeit” (“Gas site”) and “Vorsicht! Gas! Lebensgefahr! Nicht offnen!”, or in English: “Warning! Gas! BioHazard! Don’t open!”
Doors with warnings of gas hazard were painted over to hide the truth
The doors in the pictures below belong to the same chambers above that the American soldier is standing outside of. The warnings on the doors have been painted over.
Dachau’s disinfection chambers for fumigating clothes, sheets and other personal belongings on the right. Notice the small size of the cubicles and the heavy steel doors. In the photo on right, a Degesch machine, that dispensed gas to the cubicles, can be seen in the corridor between the row of cubicles. The outside walls showed blue patches from Prussian Blue (hydrogen cyanide) staining.
Why put warnings on death chamber doors? – “Warning! Gas! Biohazard! Do not open!”
The warning on the door was “Warning! Gas! BioHazard! Don’t open!” It is unlikely the Germans would have written such warnings on doors that led to shower rooms that were built to gas camp residents. Such a sign would have frightened the inmates and made them panic.
The sign on the door to the clothes-disinfecting chamber said in German: “Vorsicht! Gas! Lebensgefahr! Nicht offnen!” or in English: “Warning! Gas! BioHazard! Don’t open!”
The door with the sign “Gas site” that was captured in this April 30, 1945 photo below has been painted over. This door belonged to one of the cubicles that were in a row in Dachau camp. These cubicles were built to disinfect clothes and other personal belongings of the prisoners in order to reduce the spread of deadly typhus and save lives, not to kill inmates.
Left: The warning on the door of the de-lousing gas cubicle that disinfected clothes said “Gas site” and below that: “Warning! Gas! Hazard! Do not enter!” Right: The same place but the doors have been painted to hide the signs written on the doors. A sign at the top of the rooms says that these were gas chambers. However, they were too small and the doors had warning signs.
Racks and hangers in cubicles
Workers at the delousing chamber. Visible are racks and hangers on which to drape clothing etc. Note the heavy steel doors and the narrow width of the cubicles.
The chambers are labeled as homicidal gas chambers (left) but they were actually fumigation cubicles for disinfecting clothes (right). (Pic on right from CW Porter)
Cyanide pellets used for killing lice
Zyklon B pellets. “Zyklon” (hydrocyanic acid gas), a widely available commercial insecticide and rodent killer, was used extensively at Auschwitz to kill typhus-bearing lice. Zyklon B was also called Prussian Blue for the blue color it would leave behind. IHR
Blue staining left behind in clothes fumigation cubicles
Left: A delousing chamber at Majdanek camp, Poland. Note the metal door. Hydrogen cyanide leaves a blue colored residue. Hydrogen cyanide was first isolated from a blue pigment (Prussian blue). Right: Germar Rudolf taking scrapings of hydrogen cyanide from the wooden door jamb (Auschwitz-Birkenau camp).
Wooden doors and doors with window in alleged gas chambers
On the left is a Baltimore execution gas chamber for a single person. On the right is a door of an alleged gas chamber at Auschwitz. The door is partly glazed and opens inwards, i.e., into the room, where corpses were allegedly piling up. It is not air-tight – it has a keyhole. This wooden door would not be able to hermetically seal the room. (Picture Holocaust Deprogramming Course)
Wooden doors of the supposed homicidal gas chambers, as claimed by Holocaust supporters. Deadly gas would have quickly permeated through the wooden door to the outside poisoning people close by such as guards and workers. Homicidal gassing chambers need to be hermetically sealed during gassing. (Images: CW Porter)
Wooden doors in the “gas chambers” at Auschwitz. Some of the doors had glazing. (Images: Link)
LEFT: Wooden door of “gas chamber”. CENTER: Drain in the floor of the “gas chamber”. RIGHT: Window of a room within the “gas chamber”. (Images: Link)
Shower rooms in the camps
Shower rooms were allegedly used as homicidal gassing rooms. However, there is no marked blue staining of the walls of the showers. If hydrogen cyanide (Prussian blue) had been used to kill people in this shower room, the walls and ceilings would show blue stains. The people who claim these rooms as gassing rooms explain the lack of equipment to gas people by saying the National Socialists removed these a few days before Liberation.
LEFT: A shower room which was allegedly a homicidal gassing room. However, there is no marked blue staining of the walls. RIGHT: “Gas chamber” at Auschwitz. Note the absence of Prussian blue staining on the walls. (Image on right: Link)
Delousing cubicles were just used to de-louse clothes
Left: Clothes-delousing chambers in a row.
Right: A view from the outside of a delousing chamber. Note the Degesch machine into which cyanide pellets were dropped and the gas pipe on the outside wall. These narrow cubicles were used for the delousing of clothes and similar items. They would not have been suitable for killing large numbers of people because of the small size of the chambers. However, they could fit racks (see below) and be used for the fumigation of clothes and other personal belongings. (Degesch is the name of the company that made the machine)
Left: The clothes rack in a clothes delousing chamber. The rack could be slid in and out. Note the hangers. Right: Gas pellet dispensing machine (Degesch machine). This machine is on the outside wall of a clothes fumigation chamber. Pipes fed the insecticidal gas to the disinfection chambers.
A Degesch machine was installed for input of pellets and gas dispensing for the delousing operation. “Degesch” comes from the name of the company that manufactured the cyanide pellets and disks and the dispensing machine. The Degesch company confirmed by letter during the Nuremberg trials that their products were for use as a pesticide.
The gas would then be piped into several chambers that deloused clothes. Link
Degesch machine. Degesch was a German company that developed Zyklon B. It was made available to the public in 1923 (Prof. Butz’s Short Introduction to Holocaust Revisionism).
Empty cans that stored hydrogen cyanide pellets (Zyklon B), also known as Prussian Blue.
A label on a can like the ones above containing Zyklon B pellets. “Zyklon” is the German word for “cyanide”. Cyanide was used as an insecticide in Europe during WWII. USA used DDT powder as an insecticide.
Zyklon B use was widespread in Europe
The Finnish, like many other Europeans, used Zyklon B as an insecticide to control the typhus infection. Before antibiotics came to be widely used, typhus was a major problem around the world. Starvation reduced resistance to disease and increased the likelihood of contracting typhus. Tuberculosis, typhoid fever (a gastrointestinal illness) and dysentery were other causes of morbidity and fatalities in the camps. Typhoid illness (a gastrointestinal infection) is often confused with typhus but the two diseases are quite different.
Pictures of Finnish Army, using Zyklon B, in Karelian Isthmus as a lice killer. Note the gas masks worn.
Steam autoclaves were also used for disinfecting
The Germans used the autoclave method for the disinfection of clothes as an alternative to the Zyklon B system. In this system, hot steam under high pressure was used to kill the lice in clothes. In the picture below left of an autoclave, a rack for the hanging of clothes and other materials to be deloused is inside the autoclave. The racks could be moved in and out of the autoclave chamber. Note the similarity to American execution chambers. A tight seal is needed for the autoclave.
German steam disinfection autoclave (hot steam under pressure is used to kill lice) is used as delousing chamber for the disinfection of clothes. Photo on left: CW Porter
Steam autoclaves can’t fit the human body
Workers are tending to the autoclave (steam disinfection) chambers at Birkenau. CW Porter
Disinfection tunnels–for large-scale fumigation and to disinfect large items
Germans also used a tunnel for large-scale disinfection of certain items. Carriages would pass into these tunnels on tracks. The heavy door would be closed. Then gas would be released into the tunnel for delousing.
Disinfecting tunnels. Note the heavy steel door on the left. It was suspended from the rails above. CW Porter
The interior of the disinfection chamber. Several carriages could fit inside longitudinally. CW Porter
The disinfection tunnel with the door closed. CW Porter
Another tunnel-shaped chamber used for fumigation. This could fit railway carriages inside, making the fumigation procedure more efficient. This one was in Budapest. Note the exhaust pipes at the sides, venting the cyanide gas to the outside. CW Porter
1. The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter: Auschwitz and Surroundings (link)
2. Whale: Gas shelters and delousing chambers (link)
It should also be remembered that a man may be overcome by the absorption of hydrocyanic gas through the skin; a concentration of 2 percent hydrocyanic acid gas being sufficient to thus overcome a man in about 10 minutes. Therefore, EVEN IF ONE WEARS A GAS MASK, exposure to concentrations of hydrocyanic gas of 1 percent by volume or greater should be made only in case of necessity and then FOR A PERIOD NO LONGER THAN 1 MINUTE AT A TIME. In general, places containing this gas should be well ventilated with fresh air before the wearer of the mask enters, thus reducing the concentration of hydrocyanic gas to low fractional percentages.
Read more here
(For “Debunking the Holocaust II”, go here)
Heads were shaved to keep lice infestation down
Camp inmates had their hair shaved soon after arrival
German camp commandants shaved the heads of camp inmates to keep lice infestation down. Head lice were carriers of typhus, a deadly disease that was common in the camps. Controlling head lice also controlled body lice.
Hungarian Jewish women head to their barracks after their heads were shaved furtherglory
Human hair from Auschwitz in the Holocaust Museum
They received a haircut, then entered a shower building … In the meantime, their clothing was disinfected (in the building in the middle with the four smokestacks). The inmates finally left the building on the other side – the ‘clean side’. All areas inside the building were equipped with central heating (later removed, with or without evil intent), all work was done by the inmates themselves.
To remove body lice you have to get rid of head lice
Lice eggs or “nits” in hair.
A sign warning that typhus is carried by lice. Typhus is a disease caused by rickettsial organisms.
Head lice trigger body lice epidemics
Quotes are from National Geographic: Head lice trigger body lice epidemics
Body lice causes typhus epidemics
Quote: Body lice, which cause highly lethal epidemics (trench fever, typhus and relapsing fever Borrelia), originate from head lice, an international group of scientists reported today.
Body lice originates from head lice
Quote: The discovery indicates that it is not possible to eradicate body lice without first eradicating head lice, which until now has proved impossible, according to the researchers.
Body lice and head lice are the same species
Quote: “Until now, head lice, which feed on the scalp and lay their eggs on hair, and body lice, which feed on the rest of the body and live in the creases of dirty clothes, were thought to be different species. However, researchers from the Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Unit […] and two U.S. teams have shown that these lice have the same origin,” CNRS said.
Genetics of head and body lice are same
Quote: Through genetic analysis of the louse genome, the researchers observed that “it was impossible to distinguish the head louse from the body louse at the genetic level,” CNRS added.
Image of head louse (Pediculus humanus capitis) courtesy of CDC (NatGeo)
Head lice turns into body lice by migrating to body
Quote: In addition, fieldwork has shown that, in populations living in extreme poverty, the proliferation of head lice led to the emergence of lice able to adapt to clothes and turn into body lice. These body lice were then able to cause epidemics of body lice and bacterial epidemics.
New discovery shows body lice can’t be eradicated directly
Quote: This discovery shows that it is not possible to eradicate body lice without first eradicating head lice, which until now has proved impossible. In addition, this explains the regular appearance of body lice in areas where they were previously unknown, when sanitary conditions rapidly deteriorate.
Head lice permanently endemic
Quote: “Head lice are therefore permanently in an endemic state. In highly unfavorable sanitary conditions, head lice proliferate, and some of them migrate into clothes, triggering a new epidemic of body lice,” CNRS said […]
How do you get head lice?
Quote: Getting head lice is not related to cleanliness of the person or their environment, according to the CDC.
Head lice spread by direct contact: camp, playgrounds, slumber parties
Quote: Head lice are spread by direct contact with the hair of an infested person. The most common way to get head lice is by head-to-head contact with a person who already has head lice. Such contact can be common among children during play at school, home, and elsewhere (e.g., sports activities, playgrounds, camp, and slumber parties).
Transmission spread by clothing, bedding, combs, towels
Quote: Uncommonly, transmission of head lice may occur by wearing clothing, such as hats, scarves, coats, sports uniforms, or hair ribbons worn by an infested person; using infested combs, brushes or towels; or lying on a bed, couch, pillow, carpet, or stuffed animal that has recently been in contact with an infested person, the CDC says. (NatGeo)
Lice and nits
Nits (lice eggs) in hair. They are slightly smaller than the size of sesame seeds. On the right, close up of nits.
Lice caught on a comb. Nits will stick to hair strands unlike dandruff.
Head with nits and lice.
German camps: no execution rooms like Soviets had
The execution room of a detention and torture center run by the Soviet Union in Latvia. Bolsheviks occupied Latvia between 1940-1941. Execution was done by shooting. The room was carefully designed. Wooden boards covered the walls to absorb the bullets. The doors had wood panelling. Wood is well-known to muffle sound. The floor was covered with tiles so that the blood could be easily washed off. Curtains hung down the walls to prevent splashes of blood going onto the walls. (The Horrible Year)
A drain hole in the corner of one of the execution rooms in the detention center of the Soviets. 240 bullets were found in the groove that was near the hole. Countless bullets probably fell into the drain hole. (The Horrible Year)
(For Part II of “Debunking the Holocaust”, go here)
Himmler: “Reduce death rate at all costs”
Disease in the camps was hurting war production so camp chiefs tried to reduce it
The camps had been hit with a deadly typhus epidemic that was spread by body lice. Stomach pain, high fever, emaciation and death can quickly follow after acquiring typhus. All of the camps were factories and the loss of workers was hurting war production. Inspector of the camps, Richard Glucks, responded to Himmler’s order on January 20, 1943 to reduce the death toll using all means necessary.
“Every means will be used to lower the death rates”
(Nuremberg Tribunal Document No. 1523).
Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Concentration Camps, issued orders on December 28, 1942, that the death toll be reduced.
Pohl Report: Make food more nutritious
“This reduction in the mortality rate is due primarily to the fact that the hygienic measures which have long been demanded have now been carried out, at least to a larger extent. Furthermore, it has been ordered in the field of nutrition that one-third of the food, raw and properly chopped, be added shortly before distribution, to the cooked food. Cooking too long has been avoided. Supplementary rations of sauerkraut and similar foods have been issued.”
Oswald Pohl, head administrator of the concentration camps
Daily food ration at Auschwitz according to the inmates
From the Auschwitz Museum. Inmates diet, showing what they had for breakfast, lunch and dinner.
In the last years of the war, everyone, including ordinary German civilians, were suffering from food shortages. This picture is from the Auschwitz Museum showing the daily food ration at Auschwitz.
Tuberculosis also contributed to the “shockingly high” death rate
On April 10, 1943, Oswald Pohl, head of the Economic Administration Office of the camps, issued a letter stating that persons with tuberculosis were being sent to the camps, resulting in the “shockingly high mortality figures” (Nuremberg Documents). Later, on September 30, 1943, Pohl was able to show that the camp death rate had been reduced from 8.5% in July, 1942 to 2.8% in June 1943.
Camp commander was executed by the SS for mistreating prisoners–mistreatment was forbidden
The German SS arrested Buchenwald Commandant, Karl Koch, in 1943 for mistreating and even executing some prisoners. After an investigation, Koch was found guilty by SS Judge Konrad Morgen, and shot.
Himmler’s orders to improve conditions contradict the claims of a National Socialist extermination policy
Do the orders by Himmler to increase the food supply and overall conditions at the camps to save lives and lower the death toll sound like a policy of “extermination?”
Victors re-write history to favor them
After the War, with suspicion rapidly rising about the Holocaust claim, a committee of Jewish leaders from New York and Paris met with communist leaders in Warsaw. There they established the “Committee for the Investigation of War Crimes and War Criminals”. It was after this meeting that the announcement was made that all gas chambers had been located in camps in Poland.
Greenhouses and tea garden
Below is a photo of a greenhouse at one of the camps. It provided fresh vegetables for the inmates. Inmates recall they could pick tea from tea plants on the grounds to make tea for inmates.
Greenhouse at a camp
Jail fever; ship fever; putrid fever; petechial fever; typhus exanthematicus.
Epidemic typhus fever is an acute infections disease caused by Rickettsia Prowazekii. Epidemic typhus fever is characterized by development of generalized thrombovasculitis, meningoencephalitis, severe common intoxication, by appearance of rash, increased liver and spleen. It is transmitted by the louse, Pediculus humanus.
History and geographical distribution
Epidemic typhus fever has been one of the great epidemic diseases of the world. Its history belongs to the dark pages of the world’s story, at times when war, famine and misery of every kind are present.
The disease was first described with sufficient accuracy by Frascastoro, in the 16th century, to enable us distinctly to differentiate it from plague; the stuporous states of the two diseases having previously caused them to be confounded.
Epidemics of typhus have very frequently been associated with war. In fact, severe epidemics have occurred during practically every great war in Europe with the exception of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870. In World War I, the epidemic which raged in Serbia in 1915 was one of the most severe which has occurred in modern times.
It was characterized not only by its high virulence but also by high mortality. During the epidemic, the number of new fever cases entering the military hospitals alone, reached as high as 2,500 per day, and the number of reported cases among the civilian population was approximately three times was this number. The mortality during the epidemic varied during the epidemic at different periods in different localities and was between 30 and 60%. Over 150,000 deaths occurred within 6 months, before the epidemic could be suppressed. An astonishing 30 million cases occurred in Russia and Eastern Europe during 1918 – 1922, with an estimated 3 million deaths. During World War II, typhus struck heavily in concentration camps in Eastern Europe and in North Africa.
In the present time this disease may occur in Africa (Burundi, Ethiopia) and in Central America (Mexico, Peru).
From: Epidemic typhus
Rickettsia Prowazekii (Epidemic Typhus Fever)
Rickettsia prowazekii-infected P. humanus (A). Dead P. Humanus (B). The infected louse became red and developed rectal bleeding before dying. (Typhus in World War I)
Diffuse petechial rash of epidemic typhus (Typhus in World War I)
TABLE 1. POTENTIAL TYPHUS OUTBREAKS THROUGH THE HISTORY OF MANKIND
In 1909, epidemic typhus was found to be transmitted by Pediculus humanus humanus, the body louse, by Charles Nicolle, and he received a Nobel Prize in 1928 for his findings. (Typhus in World War I)
Soldiers’ kit bags being placed into gas chambers to be deloused during World War I. (Typhus in World War I)
Treatment and prevention
Preventative measures include reducing exposure to lice with cyanide gas or DDT to de-louse clothes and other personal belongings. These measures were widely employed during WWII. De-lousing of the body and hair by washing the body and shaving the head were also used.
Modern-day treatment is with the antibiotic doxycycline. This was not available during WWII.
Typhus vs. typhoid
The two diseases are caused by different bacteria. Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhii, whereas typhus is caused by Rickettsia prowazekii. “Typhoid” means “typhus-like”.
Salmonella typhii is not to be confused with Salmonella enterica, the cause of salmonella food poisoning.
Belsen Concentration Camp April 1945: The SS camp guards are made to load the bodies of dead prisoners onto a lorry for burial. These people were not victims of “Nazi gassing” but of typhus. Date: April 1945 No 5 Army Film & Photographic Unit – Midgley (Sgt) (Link)
Belsen Concentration Camp April 1945: Scene inside the cleansing station, nicknamed the “Human Laundry”. The photograph shows some of the 60 tables, each staffed by two German doctors and two German nurses, at which the sick were washed and deloused.
Date: April 1945. No 5 Army Film & Photographic Unit – Hewitt (Sgt) (Link)
Inmates swimming at Novaky concentration camp (Slovakia)
Playing volleyball at Novaky camp
Sokoloma Cafe at Terezin camp
Labor camp at Vyhne
Food in the camps
“Death toll to be reduced at all cost”
Heinrich Himmler said the “death toll must be reduced at all cost”.
Chopped raw vegetables were to be one-third of the diet of the inmates in a drive to improve health and reduce the death toll.
Head administrator improved nutrition to decrease death toll
Oswald Pohl, head administrator of camps specified that raw vegetables were to be chopped and added (for vitamins) and sauerkraut rations be added too. Inmates who worked in the kitchen should be taught how to prepare healthy meals.
“Furthermore, it has been ordered in the field of nutrition that one-third of the food, raw and properly chopped, be added shortly before distribution, to the cooked food. Cooking too long has been avoided. Supplementary rations of sauerkraut and similar foods have been issued.”
Sauerkraut rations were added for better nutrition
Adequate and balanced meals, including meat and cheese.
Daily food rations for prisoners in Auschwitz
Aim: To save lives so that prisoners could be productive.
Prisoners at meal time.
Most camps had their own gardens.
Greenhouses used to stand at the northern end of the camp nursery. Vegetables grown in the nursery were intended for the camp’s kitchens; the crops grown, among others, were cabbages, tomatoes and beet. Herbs were grown too.
Some camps kept animals such as pigs for food.
This is a sketch of KL Neuengammes pig pens
One of the largest service buildings in Auschwitz. It had state-of-the-art cooking facilities. There were twelve of these throughout the camp.
* The caloric content of the diet was carefully monitored by camp supervisors and Red Cross delegates. It only deteriorated in Auschwitz and other camps towards the end of the war when German railroads and the entire transport system collapsed under constant aerial attacks of the Allies.
In the last years of the war, the meals became meager but everyone in Germany faced the same shortages at that time.
The dining hall at Auschwitz
Greenhouse at Auschwitz
Auschwitz: Greenhouse provided fresh fruit and vegetables for the inmates.
Inmates reported there were tea plants grown in the camps from which they could pick tea leaves and make tea for the inmates.
Utensils and personal belongings
Notice at one camp:
The top board is for letters, toothbrush, razor, tobacco, etc. The lower board is for your plate and drinking glass. Behind these, you put your bread and other edibles. Spoon and knife are to be put in the board of the cupboard door. All of these are to be kept spotlessly clean. Your coat is to lay folded on the bottom, number on the top. Just before lights out, shoes are to be cleaned outside the barracks and then placed in front of the cupboard with the socks on top. It is forbidden to take socks into the sleeping area.”
People had their own plate, drinking glass, spoon and knife
Camps had their own money system
The camp had its own money in the form of coupons. Inmates who did extra work were given these coupons which they could spend at the cantina (commissary) and buy cigarettes and beer, and even cake and ice cream in some camps.
Inmates had bank accounts and could receive money from their relatives
All prisoners are allowed to receive money from their family. Received monies will be paid into the prisoner’s account.”
Radios and newspapers
Patients could have radios and newspapers.
Post office was available
Inmates could send a postcard to people outside the camp. Pickups and deliveries were twice-weekly.
Red Cross parcels
German camp inmates received Red Cross parcels.
Prisoners at work in Monowitz factory at Auschwitz III
Prisoners working in the Siemens airplane factory at Bobrek sub-camp Monowitz
Above: Aircraft plant at a concentration camp
Germany wished, first of all, to win the war, and needed all available labor. Photos of workshops in the Jewish ghetto of Lodz.
Inmates were mostly assigned to general work such as building roads and irrigation installations, or to the support of civilian (Polish and German) workers.
Factory for the manufacture of synthetic materials.
The I.G. Farben power plant at Monowitz.
The enormous Buna works manufacturing complex at Auschwitz III.
Inmates who did extra work were rewarded with coupons with which they could buy goods from the ‘cantina’ (camp commissary).
Child care and medical care
The Auschwitz camp had a child care center where working mothers could leave their children.
Nursery at Auschwitz
The women’s sections of camps had female guards:
Jewish youth celebrating Hannukah in Westerbork Camp, and below that, a school class.
A treatment room in a camp hospital
Dental clinic fitted with all modern equipment
Well-equipped dental clinic
Dentists treating inmates at a clinic
Operating room at a camp
A prisoner getting xrayed at Auschwitz
Hospital at Auschwitz
Visits by the Red Cross were routine
Auschwitz was repeatedly visited by Red Cross inspection teams, who were allowed to speak to prisoner representatives alone in order to hear first-hand of any mistreatment, chicanery, interruption of mail and parcel delivery, health concerns, food and ration matters etc.
In a 1650-page report compiled by the International Red Cross, there was not a single mention of gas chambers.
There was even a complaints office for inmates to submit their complaints.
Temperatures in Krakow, Poland
(Poland was the location of Auschwitz, the biggest camp)
July is the hottest month in Krakow with an average temperature of 19°C (65°F) and the coldest is January at -3°C (28°F)
Auschwitz had a sauna
Sauna building. Sauna where inmates enjoyed hot showers and haircuts and could leave their clothes for steam-cleaning to remove possible typhus-carrying-body-lice.
Workers waiting for inmates inside Sauna building (photo: 1943).
Note the wooden benches around the walls where inmates could sit inside the sauna.
Swimming pool for inmates
Swimming pool at Auschwitz
The pool in the women’s camp of Ravensbrueck even had a diving platform. Theresienstadt also had a swimming pool.
Swimming pool at Novaky concentration camp (Czechoslovakia)
Soccer pitch for inmates at Auschwitz
There was a soccer field at Auschwitz
Auschwitz soccer pitch
The British POW team pose for this photo at Auschwitz. They even had proper uniforms.
Inmates could take up the sport of fencing
Auschwitz: Prisoners could practise fencing. This is a photograph of a fencing tournament in Auschwitz (1944).
Camp sport facilities included soccer fields, handball areas, fencing classes and other exercise facilities.
“Evenings were devoted to rest and to a choice of cultural and sporting activities. Football, basketball, and water-polo matches attracted crowds of onlookers.” Marc Klein, Auschwitz Inmate.
Barracks were mostly brick
Prisoners lived in brick barracks.
There were three-tier bunk beds.
Barracks were heated with central heating
The heating flue in the floor. At the ends were stoves.
The camp stove at the end that sent heat through the flue in the floor of the women’s quarters
After the rebuilding of the camp, each building had lavatories, usually on the ground floor, containing 22 toilets, urinals, and washbasins with trough-type drains and 42 spigots installed above them.
The Germans built hundreds of central heating systems in concentration camps to keep the inmates warm.
Washroom in the women’s quarters
Toilets were flush toilets
Shower bath, Dachau
Auschwitz had a library where inmates could borrow books. 45,000 volumes were available.
Brothel. This was installed to reward diligent prisoners.
Auschwitz had a theater building
Auschwitz camp theatre where live plays were performed by camp inmate actors.
Beds in German concentration camp. The beds were wide and soft matresses were placed on the bases; also proper soft pillows were provided.
For Part II of “Debunking the Holocaust”, go here
For Part III of “Debunking the Holocaust”, go here. (Comparison of Soviet camps and German camps)