*Warning: This page has distressing pictures of rape, torture and mutilation*
Prussian blue – cyanide
Prussian blue – this is made when iron sulfate is mixed with cyanide.
Van Gogh’s “Starry Night” uses Prussian blue pigment.
Cyanide poison is a clear liquid or gas. Cyanide has a distinctive smell of almonds. It causes death by the cyanide molecule combining to the hemoglobin molecule. It does not cause cyanosis. Death can occur within minutes after exposure. Symptoms can develop within seconds.
Prussian blue is cyanide combined with iron to make ferrous cyanide. It is bright blue in color. This is why cyanide was known as “Prussian blue”. It is used as a pigment in paints. In this form, as an iron compound, it is not that toxic. Cyanide was invented by a German. Cyanide is known as “Blausäure” in German.
Cyanide permeates through the brickwork and masonry and leaves a blue staining behind.
Contamination with cyanide poison through touch and breathing in offgassing
Absorption can occur via all routes. Patients can give off vapors from their bodies, through the pores of their skin. This is called offgassing. Rescuers can become contaminated by touching the skin or clothing of the cyanide-poisoning patient or by breathing in the offgassing.
Causes of contamination:
- Touching a patient’s skin or clothing with bare hands
- Breathing in the offgassing
Gloves and gas masks are mandatory for handling bodies poisoned with cyanide
It is recommended for rescuers to clean the body of the patient with soap and water.
Protective clothing is required when handling victims of cyanide poisoning. A gas mask will prevent rescuers from breathing in the offgassing.
Rescuers handling victims of cyanide poisoning usually wear respirator masks, protective body suits and gloves.
Germans wore a gas mask when handling deadly cyanide
Type of gas mask worn by Germans in the 1940s (Picture: cwporter)
A special can-opening device was used for opening cans of Zyklon B
Workers fumigating with cyanide. The utilization of Zyklon was hazardous. Trained personnel – mostly sanitation workers – used special gas masks. The cyanide came in disk form as well as in pellets. (Picture: cwporter)
Disks and granules of HCN, hydrocyanic acid. Brand name is Zyklon B. (Picture on the left: cwporter.com)
Translation of the above: “Scientific pest extermination with Zyklon B hydrocyanic acid – harmless and guaranteed. Kills pests” (cwporter.com)
Hydrocyanic acid, manufactured under the trade name Zyklon B (the B stands for ‘Blausäure’, HCN in German), was sold for use in the struggle against typhus-bearing vermin, especially lice. The HCN was aborted in a carrier substance, disks or granulate, containing the hydrocyanic acid (HCN).
German workers working at fumigation chambers at the Auschwitz camp. Note the clothes rack just outside the delousing chambers. (Picture: cwporter)
Half-naked sonderkommando handling “gassed” bodies – naked torsos and no gas masks
Sonderkommando was an inmate who helped out the officers in the camp with certain duties like handling dead bodies. Notice the lack of protection in the sketches. None of the sonderkommandos are wearing gas masks or gloves. Cyanide can be absorbed through touch with the skin of a contaminated person. “Off-gassing”, which means the body of a poisoned person emanates cyanide vapor into the air, can also contaminate those handling the bodies of poisoned people.
Drawing by an inmate allegedly showing gassed bodies being cremated. Working in this fashion, the possibility of secondary contamination of the sonderkommando workers is high. The drawing is unrealistic.
Drawing showing a half-naked man dragging corpses allegedly from the room where they have been gassed. It is unlikely that sonderkommando handled gassed bodies without wearing a gas mask, full clothing and gloves. Cyanide vapor can be off-gassed from a poisoned patient and be breathed in or absorbed through the skin by touch.
Drawings: fraudulent portrayal?
No workers handling bodies that were poisoned by cyanide would handle the bodies without wearing a gas mask. Nor would they be naked in the top half as in the picture below right, or be without gloves. They would be at high risk of contamination from the cyanide poison themselves due to “offgassing” and bare-skin contact.
The picture on the right is likely to be a fabrication of events.
Soviet camps vs German camps
2 million German women and children were raped by the Soviets after the war
In some places, every female from 8 to 80 years of age were raped. Even if they offered no resistance, many women and children were killed after they were raped. It wasn’t just the “enemy women” who were raped, people in the concentration camps were not safe either. Soviet soldiers even raped women in the camps after they liberated them, while the women were still in their prison uniforms.
The wartime rapes have been surrounded by decades of silence. According to Antony Beevor, whose books were banned in 2015 from some Russian schools and colleges, NKVD (Soviet secret police) files have revealed that the leadership knew what was happening, including about the rape of Soviet women liberated from labour camps, but did nothing to stop it.
Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s experience in World War II
During the war, Alexander Solzhenitsyn was the commander of a unit in the Red Army, and was involved in major action at the front, and was twice-decorated.
Solzhenitsyn also witnessed war crimes against local German civilians by the Soviet military. Women and girls were gang-raped to death, and the elderly were robbed.
A few years later, while in the gulag camp, he composed a poem entitled “Prussian Nights”, writing it on bars of soap to memorize the lines he had thought of in his head. In this poem, he describes a gang-rape of a Polish woman whom the Red Army had mistaken for a German. The first-person narrator in this poem comments on the events with sarcasm and refers to propagandists like Ilya Ehrenburg, who encouraged the rapes and atrocities to be done on the enemy peoples by using “Atrocity Propaganda”, a way of justifying cruel acts done on the captured people.
In the tract entitled “Kill”, Ehrenburg wrote:
“The Germans are not human beings. From now on the word German means to use the most terrible oath. From now on the word German strikes us to the quick. We shall not speak any more. We shall not get excited. We shall kill. If you have not killed at least one German a day, you have wasted that day … If you cannot kill your German with a bullet, kill him with your bayonet. If there is calm on your part of the front, or if you are waiting for the fighting, kill a German in the meantime. If you leave a German alive, the German will hang a Russian and rape a Russian woman. If you kill one German, kill another — there is nothing more amusing for us than a heap of German corpses. Do not count days, do not count kilometers. Count only the number of Germans killed by you. Kill the German — that is your grandmother’s request. Kill the German — that is your child’s prayer. Kill the German — that is your motherland’s loud request. Do not miss. Do not let through. Kill.”
In The Gulag Archipelago, Solzhenitsyn wrote,
“There is nothing that so assists the awakening of omniscience within us as insistent thoughts about one’s own transgressions, errors, mistakes. After the difficult cycles of such ponderings over many years, whenever I mentioned the heartlessness of our highest-ranking bureaucrats, the cruelty of our executioners, I remember myself in my Captain’s shoulder boards and the forward march of my battery through East Prussia, enshrouded in fire, and I say: ‘So were we any better?’”
About the rapes of Germans done by the Soviet army, Solzhenitsyn said:
“All of us knew very well that if the girls were German they could be raped and then shot. This was almost a combat distinction.”
An extract from Prussian Nights is below:
|The little daughter’s on the mattress,
Dead. How many have been on it
A platoon, a company perhaps?
A girl’s been turned into a woman,
A woman turned into a corpse.
It’s all come down to simple phrases:
Do not forget! Do not forgive!
Blood for blood! A tooth for a tooth!
— Robert Conquest
He also wrote about how composing this poem helped him to survive his imprisonment.
Read more about here.
German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) had a strict policy about rape: immediate execution
Summary execution was the penalty for soldiers found guilty of rape.
No man was allowed to steal anything from a civilian house and raping meant immediate execution. There were many men sent to military prisons after the first campaigns of the war for their bad behaviour. Those same men entered again in action in 1941-1942 in penal regiments and were slaughtered by frontal attacks and suicide missions. Field marshal Von Runstedt used many documents of court martials in the German Army at Nuremberg in 1945-1946.
General Guderian and many others specifically ordered to their men that they MUST:
– Behave as gentlemen.
– Treat the ladies and men respectfully.
– Pay for everything they consume.
– Do not attack verbally nor physically to ANYBODY.
This was during the occupation of France, Holland and Belgium. And indeed, German officers and soldiers followed these orders and behave as normal tourists in Paris, by example. They assisted to religious ceremonies and visited the museums as normal tourists.
USSR’s attitude to wartime rape: “Soldiers have got to have their fun”
“understand it if a soldier who has crossed thousands of kilometres through blood and fire and death has fun with a woman or takes some trifle.”
On another occasion, when told that Red Army soldiers sexually maltreated German refugees, he reportedly said:
“We lecture our soldiers too much; let them have their initiative.”
Historian Norman Naimark writes that after the summer of 1945, Soviet soldiers caught raping civilians were usually punished to some degree, ranging from arrest to execution. However, the rapes continued until the winter of 1947–48, when Soviet occupation authorities finally confined Soviet troops to strictly guarded posts and camps, separating them from the residential population in the Soviet zone of Germany.
German rape victims of World War II
DEPICTED AS AMERICA’S ‘GALLANT SOVIET ALLY’
Polish town removes statue to German women rape victims of World War II
Daily Mail Sunday, 20 October 2013
ARRESTED — Polish art student Jerzy Szumczyk faces charges after setting up a statue depicting the rape of a German woman by a Red Army soldier. He was moved to create the work after learning about all the atrocities committed by America’s “gallant Soviet ally” in World War II.
GDANSK (DANZIG) — A statue that shows a Soviet soldier raping a pregnant woman as he holds a gun to her head has been removed and the artist arrested by authorities in northern Poland.
The statue, entitled “Komm, Frau” (Come, Woman), appeared on Gdansk’s Avenue of Victory on Saturday evening.
Artist Jerzy Szumczyk told Polish Radio he had researched the subject of rape by the Red Army, as it made its way across Eastern Europe between 1944 and 1945 towards Berlin. The fifth-year student at Gdansk’s Academy of Fine Arts was so emotionally affected by what he read, he felt compelled to express his feelings through art and created the sculpture.
But the Polish artist’s attempt to pay tribute to the victims was short-lived, and the statue was removed.
Police spokeswoman Aleksandra Siewert said: “The artist was detained and released after questioning. “The matter will now be taken up by the prosecutor’s office.”
Before Germany invaded Poland in 1939, Gdansk [or Danzig, as it was formerly known by its German name] was a free city, and more than 95 percent of people living in [what is now] Gdansk at the time were German.
But millions of German women were raped by Red Army soldiers between 1944 and 1945 during the dying days of [the Third Reich]. Polish women. and even Russian women released from captivity, were also raped with numbers reaching 100,000.
Communists accuse Germans of their very own crimes
[With the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Communist propaganda claimed that rape and murder were common elements of the German advance].*
However, the Germans [actually did suffer that] fate when [Soviet] troops retook their land and swarmed into Germany.
During the Battle of Berlin more than a million German soldiers were killed, or later died in captivity.
The rape began as soon as the Red Army entered East Prussia in 1944. In many towns, every female between 10 and 89 was attacked. Soviet soldiers often carried out the assaults in front of their husbands and family as an added humiliation.
Red Army: rape as a weapon
A Red Army War Memorial in Berlin became known as the “tomb of the unknown rapist.”
It is believed that as many as 2 million women were raped by Red army officers, many of them several times over.
Many had to have abortions or be treated for the syphilis they caught from being raped by different men. Children born out of the abuses were called “Russenbabies,” and most were abandoned and left to die.
Stalin explicitly condoned rape as a method of rewarding the soldiers and terrorizing German civilians.
[His violently anti-German propaganda chief, the Jew Ilya Ehrenburg (the man who first came up with the “human soap” and “Six Million” fictions in the wartime Red Star newspaper) gave Soviet troops their daily dose of hate […]
[Stalin’s psychopathic] police chief Lavrenti Beria was himself a serial rapist — a number of testimonies exist detailing how [Russian and other Eastern European] women and girls were grabbed off the streets and bundled into his limousine.
It is believed that more than 100 school-aged girls and young women were drugged and raped by Beria who ran the NKVD, the feared forerunner to the KGB.
The Red Army’s atrocities against women in Dresden in the spring of 1945, a city that had already suffered heavily from Allied bombing, were carried out in a particularly sickening and systematic manner.
Women were dragged out of their homes and raped in the street in front of their husbands, who were forced to watch. Then, more often than not, the men were shot.
Interned women ‘liberated’
As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands more in Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
There are even accounts of women who had been liberated from concentration camps, emaciated and still wearing prison uniforms, being raped by [Red Army] soldiers.
Richard Evans, Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, wrote a book on the topic in which he recounts the extreme violence of many of he encounters. He wrote: “Rape was often accompanied by torture and mutilation and frequently ends in the victim being shot or bludgeoned to death. The raging violence was undiscriminating.”
* Rare instances of rape and murder in the highly disciplined German armed forces were, in fact, punished by summary execution. For a description of a different kind of behavior by the Red Army, see the horrifying account in Stalin’s War of Extermination by Joachim Hoffmann, available from NS Publications,
“KOMM, FRAU” — The graphic depiction of a Red Army soldier raping a pregnant German woman, symbolizing the fate of millions during and after the Second World War, has prompted Polish authorities to absolve the perpetrators of Katyn and to arrest the offending artist.
Contrast this to the only record of a “confession” from Germans’ that rape had been done, allegedly preserved in a taped recording. This seems to be the only preserved documentation of such a confession. The authenticity has not been confirmed. Of course, there were cases of German soldiers raping women. However, the incidence of rape was much lower than the Soviet army because of the famous discipline of the Wehrmacht and the rules that were strict about rape. Hitler, unlike Stalin, had a strong policy to punish soldiers for raping enemy women, and he enforced it. Instead of encouraging rape, making it seem a reward or booty for the soldiers, Hitler did the opposite. He actively enforced the penalty for rape, which was summary execution.
Metgethen and Nemmersdorf Massacres
Map shows East Prussia, now known as Kaliningrad. It became Russian territory after the war. Previously, 90% of the population were German-speaking.
Significance of these massacres
These two towns in East Prussia were the sites of two massacres by the Soviet army. These massacres, repeated across the rest of East Prussia and up to Berlin, are significant because at these sites of massacres, a photographic record was able to be captured and preserved by the Germans when they retook the towns from the Soviets, and for a brief time, these towns were in German hands, before they were re-taken by the Soviet Union. The atrocities were documented by the Germans. German cinema would show these photographs in news reels. Later, after the US captured Germany, 26 photos of the massacres were taken back to the USA, and kept in the archives.
Other massacres done by the Soviets that were documented by the Germans include the Katyn Forest massacre, the Latvian massacre (see below, Baigais Gads), and the NKVD prison massacres in Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Belarussia and many other places. Of course, these were not the only massacres done by the Soviets. However, the Germans were able to capture a photographic record of these ones, so knowledge of the massacres and confirmation of eyewitness testimonies have been able to be passed on to people today.
Without the proof of the photographs, it’s likely the massacres would have been dismissed as fantasy or German propaganda. In the case of the Katyn Forest massacre of 22,000 Polish Army soldiers and officers by the Soviets (this figure includes those who were killed in gulags, Cheka prisons and killed in transports to the gulags), the truth was covered up and the massacre was blamed on the Germans. It wasn’t until the Soviet government fell, in 1990, that the truth was revealed about who had done the massacre, and the blame was lifted from the Germans.
These massacres also have another significance. They give proof of the massacres that went on within the Soviet Union itself. Proof of these massacres have largely been destroyed as the Soviet government did not keep evidence of the Red Terror that they waged on the people. Some photos have made their way out, but the scarcity of these photos do not do justice to the scale of atrocity that went on under the Bolshevik communist government.
However, the photographic records that exist show the modus operandi of the Soviet government, a modus operandi that was used not just in the occupied territories of Eastern Europe but throughout the whole of the Soviet Union. They support the words of people like Alexander Solzhenitsyn or the drawings of ethnographer and artist Danzig Baldaev. The consistency of reports by people from such different backgrounds is proof of their veracity.
Location of Metgethen and Nemmersdorf
Another map showing Kaliningrad. This is where Soviet atrocities done on ethnic Germans was first noted. The Germans were able to re-take these towns so photographic records have been able to be preserved of the massacres.
Metgethen and Nemmersdorf were in East Prussia (now Kaliningrad Oblast, part of Russia). The capital city of East Prussia was Konigsberg (now Kaliningrad). East Prussia was the first territory that had belonged to Germany and was considered “German” culturally. 90% of the residents spoke German.
Even young children were violated and murdered
East Prussia, Germany: German children raped and murdered by the Red Army. Two of tens of thousands of victims.
Everywhere you go, you see the same scenes. Here, Metgethen by Koenigsberg, raped and murdered women by the Reds. One was nailed on the cross naked.
German inspections of Red Army crimes.
Nemmersdorf and many other places were recaptured by German forces, despite the overwhelming number of advancing Soviet forces. This helped in revealing inhuman crimes of the Soviets.
Many civilians retreated together with German armies and their allies. Such people were mostly inhabitants of Western Europe, although there were cases when even Russians did so. Many Russian POWs did not want to return to the USSR.
Stalin considered all prisoners as traitors to the motherland and those that surrendered he demonized as ‘malicious deserters’. ‘There are no prisoners of war,’ he once said, ‘only traitors to their homeland’. Families of PoWs, or deserters, faced the harshest consequences for the failings of their sons or husbands – arrested and exiled.
Many Russian POWs knew that if they were taken back to the USSR, it would mean certain death.
Women were brutally beaten, gang raped and murdered. Bodies of their murdered and mutilated children lay next to them.
Another victim of Soviet atrocities in East Prussia. Raped and murdered.
Several frames from German wartime newsreels showing (not most) horrible scenes of russian brutality.
After the German army reconquered German town Nemmersdorf in East Prussia, they found German citizens who had been raped and slaughtered by the eastern forces.
Nemmersdorf and Metgethen are cities located in Kaliningrad Oblast. This country was called East Prussia (Ostpreussen) during WWII.
Even in Russia, the Soviet army were brutalizing civilians for “helping Nazis” and “living in wealth under occupation”. Even experienced soldiers were terrified by what they have seen in recaptured villages.
In a recently published book by the Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, Richard Evans, a young Russian officer is quoted recalling how when his unit overtook a column of fleeing German refugees: ‘Women, mothers and their children lie to the right and left along the route, and in front of each of them stands a raucous armada of men with their trousers down.
The women, who are bleeding or losing consciousness, get shoved to one side, and our men shoot the ones who try to save their children.’
A group of ‘grinning’ officers ensured that ‘every soldier without exception would take part’.
Evans records: ‘Rape was often accompanied by torture and mutilation and frequently ends in the victim being shot or bludgeoned to death. The raging violence was undiscriminating.’
The insistence on the men watching the rapes was deliberate policy, intended ‘to underline the humiliation’.
The Red Army’s atrocities against women in Dresden in the spring of 1945, a city that had already suffered heavily from Allied bombing, were carried out in a sickeningly systematic manner.
‘In the house next to ours, Soviet troops went in and pulled the women on to the street, had their mattresses pulled out and raped the women,’ recalled one inhabitant, John Noble.
‘The men had to watch, and then the men were shot. Right at the end of the street, a woman was tied to a wagon wheel and terribly misused.
‘Of course, you had the feeling that you wanted to stop it, but there was no possibility to do that.’ Women going to and from work past Red Army pickets were routinely raped.
The historian Chris Bellamy believes that although there are no surviving written records to prove it, ‘the hideous spectre of multiple rape was not only condoned, but, we can be pretty sure, legally sanctioned by the political officers speaking for the Soviet government’.
Nor is it true that rape was mainly carried out by reserve units following behind the front-line troops.
The Russian war correspondent Vassily Grossman was embedded with the elite front-line Eighth Guards Army which committed rape, as did at least one of his own war correspondent colleagues.
As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands in Romania and Bulgaria, which had been pro-Nazi, but also in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, which had not been.
Indeed, as Beevor points out, the Red Army even raped Russian women who had been liberated from concentration camps, emaciated and wearing their prison uniform.
Russian female prisoners were raped by Soviet soldiers too
Russian women who, still wearing their prison uniforms, were raped by the same soldiers who liberated them from the German internment camps. (Beevor)
As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands in Romania and Bulgaria, which had been pro-Nazi, but also in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, which had not been.
In total, 220,000-370,000 rapes of non-German women by Soviets occurred.
Read more: dailymail
Most inmates at Auschwitz chose to follow the camp attendants than wait for liberation by the Soviets
Is it any wonder that when the inmates were given a choice of either leaving with the camp attendants or staying back to await the Soviets in January 1945 when the war was almost over, most decided to leave with the Germans?
The Soviets found only 7,000 inmates when they liberated Auschwitz on January 27, 1945.
Why would inmates choose to go with the camp attendants if the camp attendants had been abusing them?
Stalin’s own NKVD chief Lavrentiy Beria was a serial rapist and murderer
Records that were unsealed at the fall of the Soviet Union show that Beria was a prolific rapist. Using his position as the chief of the NKVD (Secret Police), he would trawl the streets and pick up women, telling them they would meet someone famous, and then rape them. In some cases he killed them. One building that was his former residence was found to have victims’ remains concealed inside the walls.
With rapists and murderers high within the ranks of government, it is little surprise that so many stories of torture, rape, and other abuse as well as murder have come out since the fall of the Soviet Union. A culture of disregard for human rights and a megalomaniac desire to hold onto power characterized the Bolshevik communist government.
It would also make sense that the USSR, the victors of World War II, would fabricate the Holocaust tale, creating the “Six Million” lie, when all the while, they had in their possession the German camp records of the internment camp commandants, which showed that the total death was 280,000.
Massacre of Red Army officers
Under Beria, over 500 NKVD agents and 30,000 Red Army officers were executed. In addition, the NKVD was responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of ordinary Soviet citizens which were convicted of high treason by false, and absurd accusations.
Beria masterminded Katyn Forest massacre with Stalin’s approval
The Katyn massacre, also known as the Katyn Forest massacre took place in 1940, and was a series of mass executions of Polish nationals and military officers, but there were also executions of the intelligentsia, doctors, priests and others carried out by the Soviet secret Jewish police NKVD. Based on Lavrentiy Beria’s proposal to execute all members of the Polish Officer Corps, dated 5 March 1940, and with Stalin’s approval, Beria’s NKVD executed a total of over 22,000 people, but the most commonly cited estimate was 21,768. Having retaken the Katyn area almost immediately after the Red Army had recaptured Smolensk, around September–October 1943, NKVD forces began a cover-up operation. Witnesses were “interviewed”, and threatened with arrest for collaborating with the Nazis if their testimonies disagreed with the official line.
Rape and murder of women
These records contained the official testimony from Colonel R.S. Sarkisov and Colonel V. Nadaraia, two of Beria’s most senior NKVD bodyguards. They stated that on warm nights during the war years, Beria was often driven slowly through the streets of Moscow in his armored Packard limousine. He would point out young women to be detained and escorted to his mansion where wine and a feast awaited them (while many people in the USSR starved). After dining, Beria would take the women into his soundproofed office and rape them. Beria’s bodyguards reported that their orders included handing each victim a flower bouquet as she left Beria’s house. The implication being that to accept made it consensual; refusal would mean arrest. But there are reports of Beria calling the bouquet a funeral wreath, as a sick joke, because he in some cases not only would rape the women but kill them.
Khrushchev in his published memoirs wrote: “We were given a list of more than 100 names of women. They were dragged to Beria by his people. And he had the same trick for them all: all who got to his house for the first time, Beria would invite for a dinner and would propose to drink for the health of Stalin. And in wine, he would mix in some sleeping pills.
Some women would submit to Beria’s sexual advances in exchange for the promise of freeing their relatives from the Gulag. In one case, Beria picked up Tatiana Okunevskaya – a well-known Soviet actress – under the pretence of bringing her to perform for the Politburo. Instead he took her to his dacha where he offered to free her father and grandmother from NKVD prison if she submitted. He then raped her telling her “scream or not, it doesn’t matter.” Yet Beria already knew her relatives had been executed months earlier. Okunevskaya was arrested shortly afterwards and sentenced to solitary confinement in the Gulag, from which she survived.
Bodies discovered in his former villa
Bodies have been discovered that are contemporary with Beria’s bestial rapes. Evidence suggests that Beria not only abducted and raped women but also murdered them. His villa in Moscow is now the Tunisian Embassy. In the mid 1990s, routine work in the grounds turned up the bone remains of several young girls buried in the gardens. According to Martin Sixsmith, in a BBC documentary, “Beria spent his nights having teenagers abducted from the streets and brought here for him to rape. Those who resisted were strangled and buried in his wife’s rose garden.
“At night he would cruise the streets of Moscow seeking out teenage girls,” Antonov-Ovseyenko has said in an interview. “When he saw one who took his fancy he would have his guards deliver her to his house. Sometimes he would have his henchmen bring five, six or seven girls to him. He would make them strip, except for their shoes, and then force them into a circle on their hands and knees with their heads together. He would walk around in his dressing gown inspecting them. Then he would pull one out by her leg and haul her off to rape her. He called it “the flower game.”
Beria is known to have personally tortured and killed many victims in the purges, particularly women. The graves of many of these people were subsequently discovered in the garden and cellars of his Moscow residence, now the Tunisian Embassy. In 2001 human bones were found concealed behind the kitchen walls when the building was renovated. In the cellars the walls are in places scorched black where, it is said, Beria used a blowtorch to torture confessions out of his victims.
Cheka was the name of the secret police in the USSR. The secret police was also known as the NKVD. Later, it became the KGB. They waged terrorism on the populace of Russia and occupied territories. This terrorism is known as “Red Terror”. Massacres of people were part of this terror. Often, prisoners would be massacred in towns that the Soviets occupied. The Germans would find the bodies of the massacre victims when they re-took the towns in Eastern Europe.
The notable feature of the Chekists was their use of torture. Sadism characterized their acts. It was normal to find bodies that had their eyes poked out, noses cut off, tongues cut out, intestines pulled out through their mouths, nails ripped off, vaginas and anuses violated and mutilated.
Arbitrary arrest was a feature of the Cheka. People would be arrested because they used to be an officer or a soldier in the nationalist army. In one famous massacre, White Army soldiers and officers in Ukraine (White Army were the army that fought the communists in the Russian Civil War) were told there would be no reprisals if they surrendered and were taken prisoner. After they surrendered, the Cheka massacred them. 120,000 men were killed. In this massacre, Chekist leaders (Roza Semlyachka and Bela Kun) took a personal hand in the killing.
Compounding the war crime, the families of the surrendered army were transported to Cheka detention centers. There they would be subject to tortures and killed. The children would be murdered and dumped: the Chekists believed that these children would become a threat to them when they came of age. Also, family members would be sent to gulags to die of overwork and starvation. Many would die during the trip. Food and water was denied to the transported people on the long trip to the gulags that sometimes would take weeks. This was another method of killing people.
People that are famous Cheka leaders and Chekists:
She was a high level Communist Party member that took part in mass murders that was called “Red Terror”, especially in Crimea, when it was part of Ukraine. She attended medical school before she joined the Bolshevik Communist Party, and with her medical background, she used her knowledge while she personally tortured and murdered her victims in her work as a Chekist.
(Real name: Rozalia Samuilovna Zalkind)
Birth Date: 01.04.1876
She is best known for her involvement in the organization of the First Russian Revolution, and as a member of the “troika”- Crimean Revolutionary Committee of the Communist Party. She, along with Bela Kun, was one of the organizers of the Red Terror in the Crimea in 1920-1921, a massacre of former soldiers of the White Army.
Under her direct command, more than 120,000 soldiers and officers were executed. She was personally involved in the executions.
From memories of Sergey Melgunov, who was in Crimea at that time:
Read more at Rozalia Zemlyachka
Bela Kun was a “double act” with Rozalia Zemlyachka. He, together with Zemlyachka, massacred the people of Ukraine, especially Crimea. Estimates of the slaughter number from 50,000 – 2 million. He would also rape the victims. Being a member of the Cheka gave these people considerable power. Through their network of spies, they were able to find out whether people had uttered any dissenting words to anyone. They took these people into custody into Cheka detention centers and tortured them and disposed of their bodies. Family members were terrified to enquire about their whereabouts or well-being lest they be taken into custody too. In this way, the government used terror to control the people.
Other times, the killings were more public. White Army soldiers who had surrendered were mowed down with machine guns in the street. Certain people were plucked from this group and made an example of by being publicly tortured by the Chekists.
In this way, the communist government crushed any dissent. So terrified were people that they did not speak of the atrocities they had witnessed and kept silent for decades. Slowly, after the fall of the Soviet Union did people come out and start telling what they had witnessed.
Here, also the photographic records made by the Germans when they entered towns that had been occupied by the Soviets help support the accounts of people who had lived through these times. Even though the photographic records are scant, they are enough to testify to the nature of the Red Terror that swept through Soviet-occupied Eastern Europe, particularly in Ukraine (Crimea), East Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia), Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
Bela Kun – Chekist & Mass Murderer
Two of the most brutal mass murderers of all time were Ms. Roza Zemlyachka (actually her real name was Rozalia Zalkind) and Bela Kun (Aaron Kohn), who was a member of a prominent lodge of Freemasons. Aaron Kohn came from Hungary and was known as the RED TERROR OF HUNGARY. His serial killing partner was Ms. Roza Zemlyachka who was called the “Fury of the Communist Terror” – together they made a formidable double-act of blood! They were mass murderers and millionaires!
Ms. Roza Zemlyachka was an utterly merciless and power-crazy woman who worked as a Chekist in the Crimea together with two other Jewish serial killers: Bela Kun and Boris Feldman – their mass murdering sprees were Russian state secrets until 1990.
Roza Zemlyachka makes Charles Manson look like ‘Dougal’ in the Magic Roundabout … She was born on the 1st of April 1876 and died on the 21st of January 1947 – during her life she murdered more people than any other woman to have lived in recent times. She eventually became the Communist Party Secretary of the Kremlin and, in 1939, vice-chairman of the Council of People’s Commissaries (that is: deputy prime minister)… She was partly responsible for the TERRORIST CAMPAIGN which is now known as ‘Red Terror‘, which was a campaign of mass killings, torture, and systematic oppression conducted by the Bolsheviks after they seized power in Petrograd and Moscow in 1917.
Soviet history describes the Red Terror as having been officially announced on September 1918 by Yakov Sverdlov and ending about October 1918 – but nearly all the Wiki pages and history books fail to mention that the murderers and policy designers of the Red Terror came from the same Hebrew background.
The Cheka (the Bolshevik secret police) conducted the mass repressions – one can only say that it was inspired from a furious revenge on the Ukrainians … Estimates for the total number of people killed in the Red Terror range from 50,000 to two million.
Rozalia Zalkind’s methods of execution were too nasty even for Dzerzhinsky in Moscow! Bela Kun and Roza Zemlyachka were particularly greedy when they went out on their forays. They managed to grab an unusually large amount of gold in Sevastopol which is the Crimean port currently under siege by former KGB agent Putin. These two serial killers at the top of the Kremlin hierarchy became fabulously wealthy.
At the same time, they took the opportunity to murder as many people as they could. It was an integral part of Bela Kun’s cruelty that he raped his female victims. This pair managed to murder 8,364 people in the Ukrainian port of Sevastopol during the first week of November 1920. 50,000 “enemies of the people” were killed in the Crimea, according to official sources (12,000 in Simferopol, 9,000 in Sevastopol, 5,000 in Yalta). The Russian author Shmelev, however, states that at least 120,000 people were murdered by them in the Crimea. Bela Kun used to lend a hand at mowing people down with several machine guns simultaneously – the body count would easily reach 70 people per minute. He became infamous as “the Commissary for Death”. Dzerzhinzky called him a lunatic.
Leon Trotsky, whose real name was Bronstein, personally gave Bela Kun orders to shoot 40,000 captured officers in the Crimea (this is confirmed by historic documents republished by Dagens Nyheter in November 1993).
These serial killers were also freemasons! Bela Kun led the Communist terror regime in Hungary. He was a Master of the Johannes Lodge in Debrecen. He was also a member of B’nai B’rith.
Read more: Bela Kun
Yagoda was the head of the Cheka from 1934-1936. He was also chief of Internal Affairs and head of the border guards. Therefore, he wielded considerable power. He is notable for the decimation of intellectuals in Russia. A quarter of the population of St Petersburg were arrested and liquidated when Yagoda was in power. He was also instrumental in making the gulag system a place of terror and abuse. He oversaw Stalin’s Great Purge in 1936 in which many political figures were put on show trials and were executed. He himself fell out of favor with Stalin and was arrested in 1936 and executed in 1938. A prolific womanizer, after his death, his office was found to contain sex toys, women’s underwear and pornography.
Yagoda – butcher of the intelligentsia
Solzhenitsyn writes of the period in 1934 and 1935, when the Jewish commissar Genrikh Yagoda headed the Soviet secret police, and Yagoda’s black vans went out every night in St. Petersburg, known then as Leningrad, to round up “class enemies”: former members of the aristocracy, former civil servants, former businessmen, former teachers and professors and professional people, any Russian — any real Russian — who had graduated from a university. A quarter of the population of the city was arrested and liquidated by Yagoda during this two-year period …
Read more: Genrikh Yagoda
Born in Belarussia, and active in the Bolshevik movement in Poland, Germany and Russia in the early revolutionary days, Dzerzinsky was the founder of the Cheka and the gulag system, under Lenin. The gulag system was designed to operate as a slave system to enrich members of the party. To terrorize the people into obedience, he made the Cheka a brutal organization, with a network of spies. The Cheka detention centers were turned into torture chambers. The gutters of the killing rooms would be filled a foot deep with the blood and tissue matter of victims.
Felix Dzerzhinsky – He pioneered the use of torture by the Cheka
The Cheka practiced torture and methods included being skinned alive, scalped, “crowned” with barbed wire, impaled, crucified, hanged, stoned to death, tied to planks and pushed slowly into furnaces or tanks of boiling water, or rolled around naked in internally nail-studded barrels. Women and children were also victims of Cheka terror. Women would sometimes be tortured and raped before being shot. Children between the ages of 8 and 13 were imprisoned and executed. Cheka was actively and openly utilizing kidnapping methods and with it was able to extinguish numerous people especially among the rural population. Villages were also bombarded to complete annihilation.
When ordered to their work they were told: “You are digging your own grave. You must be happy that tomorrow your own kind will be picking up the pieces of your cadavers.” People had their eyes gouged out, their tongues severed, and their ears sliced off. People were also buried alive.
The German Army discovered a chamber full of torture devices, including a testicle-cracker, in an underground chamber in Ukraine in 1941. Adapted dentist drills were used to drill deep into the brain. The Cheka sawed off the top of people’s skulls and forced others to eat their brains. The Jews were free to indulge their most fervent fantasies of mass murder of helpless victims. Gentiles were dragged from their beds, tortured and killed.
Some were actually sliced to pieces, bit by bit, while others were branded with hot irons, their eyes poked out to induce unbearable pain. Others were placed in boxes with only their heads, hands and legs sticking out. Then hungry rats were placed in the boxes to gnaw upon their bodies. Some were nailed to the ceiling by their fingers or by their feet, and left hanging until they died of exhaustion.
“The whole cement floor of the execution hall of the Jewish Cheka of Kiev was flooded with blood; it formed a level of several inches. It was a horrible mixture of blood, brains and pieces of skull. All the walls was bespattered with blood. Pieces of brains and of scalps were sticking to them. A gutter of 25 centimeters wide by 25 centimeters deep and about 10 meters long was along its length full to the top with blood.
Read more: Felix Dzerzhinsky
He was is arguably the biggest mass murderer in modern history. He was a proponent of the collectivization policy of the Soviet Union. He was responsible for the Holodomor, the famine-massacre-genocide of Ukrainians, Kazakhs and many other ethnicities in 1932-1933. 7 million is a popular estimate of the mostly Ukrainian people that died in this famine (Robert Conquest puts the death toll as high as 14 million in his book “Harvest of Sorrow”). In addition to death by starvation, many people died during forced settlements to other parts of the USSR and to the gulags in Siberia. Many died from the train journey, as denying food and water to the people locked up in the cattle trains was another method of killing of the government. Kaganovich’s sister, Rosa, was the third wife of Stalin.
Kaganovich – didn’t deny the accusation that he had murdered 20 million
Kaganovich (together with Vyacheslav Molotov) participated with the All-Ukrainian Party Conference of 1930 and were given the task of implementation of the collectivization policy that caused a catastrophic 1932–33 famine (known as the Holodomor in Ukraine). Similar policies also inflicted enormous suffering on the Soviet Central Asian republic of Kazakhstan, the Kuban region, Crimea, the lower Volga region, and other parts of the Soviet Union. As an emissary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Kaganovich traveled to Ukraine, the central regions of the USSR, the Northern Caucasus, and Siberia demanding the acceleration of collectivization and repressions against the Kulaks, who were generally blamed for the slow progress of collectivization. Attorney Rafael Lemkin in his work The Soviet Genocide in Ukraine tried to present the fact of Holodomor to the Nuremberg trials as a genocide of a totalitarian regime.
On 13 January 2010 Kiev Appellate Court posthumously found Kaganovich, Postyshev, Kosior and other Soviet Communist Party functionaries guilty of genocide against Ukrainians during the catastrophic Holodomor famine.
Read more: Wikipedia
“When the Gentile communist Nikita Khruschev accused Kaganovich in 1957 at a Soviet Party Congress of having murdered 20 million Russians during his career, Kaganovich didn’t even deny it. He only accused Khruschev of being a murderer too. “Your hands are blood-stained too,” Kaganovich told him. Khruschev pointed out that the difference was that he, Khruschev, had merely followed Kaganovich’s orders, while it had been Kaganovich who had formulated the policies of mass murder and had given the orders for carrying out those policies.”
Read more: David Irving – Letters
The treatment of women in Soviet gulag camps and Cheka detention centers
The treatment of women is best told by pictures. Prison guard Danzig Baldaev who worked in the prison system of the NKVD prisons then the gulag camps for about 50 years recorded the sickening abuse and grim reality of the life under Soviet communism. He dedicated the pictures to Solzhenitsyn in 1988.
The captions written by the artist are translated from the original Russian into English.
More about the artist here.
Drawings from the Gulag is available from here.
‘Somewhere inside one of the NKVD torture catacombs’
‘By the order of the prosecutor general Vyshinsky, any methods were considered “good” to get the confession. NKVD staff used brutal tortures with pump, soldering iron, bottle (shoved into vagina and anus), rats (placed in the heated bucket under victim’s bare buttocks) etc.’
‘ITL administration is picking sex slaves from arrested family members of “enemies”.’
‘Women “enemies of the people” were inspected naked before being sent to certain labor. Those who agreed to become sex slaves of administration were assigned to easy work. Others were either sent for logging and other heavy labor or put into cells and tortured with hunger.’
‘“Doctor, those inmates ain’t following the plan! Zero diet for ’em!”
‘(Slogan at the wall: “Women are the great power!” – I. Stalin)
In ITLs (corrective labor camps), “enemies of the people” were forced to do the hardest work – digging and logging. Most of exhausted women suffered the vaginal prolapse as a result of strain and starvation. Weakened and ill ones were finished off by deprivation of food.’
‘With a purpose to inflict psychic trauma, “enemy” women and girls were stripped naked at interrogations.’
‘Some perverts from NKVD loved to do this with young women and especially girls from “enemies” and “enemy family members” (“family member of the enemy” was an official reason for imprisonment – NvS). Neither oral nor written complaints had been reviewed by officials. Honest and principled State Attorney staff members were exterminated. The NKVD had unlimited right to take away any citizen’s life, while State Attorney Office became a puppet accomplice of NKVD with no own rights.’
‘9 grammes – a communist ticket to “happy childhood”.’
‘Because of overpopulation in special orphanages for “traitors of the motherland family members”, “enemy” childeren were executed in Tomsk, Mariinsk and Shimanovskaya railroad station, Central Isolation Cell of BAM prison camp. It was considered that after reaching the age of majority, they would become a threat to existing system.’
‘In addition to 3rd grade interrogation, women were put into thug cells where they were brutally humiliated and gang raped. Afterwards most of victims committed suicide (hanged themselves, cut their veins, ate soil etc.)…’
‘With hunger, diseases and slave labor, millions of “enemy” and “kulak” women were murdered by communists – diehard enemies of freedom, democracy and the entire humankind.’
‘Interrogation of “enemy children” about counter-revolutionary activity of their families.’
‘The NKVD supported delation of parents by their own children. Collaborators were praised like heroes, but some of them were forced to cooperation through beatings. In the entire country there were a campaign of public parent renunciations. Children were forced to give public confessions for the mass media and condemn “spies” on meetings. Some teachers forced their pupils to write essays like “What do you (yourself, your father and mother) think about the arrest of Marshals: Tukhachevsky, Blukher, Egorov and others”. After giving such an essay for check, many pupils were deprived of their parents and sent to special orphanage camps.’
‘Prison guards are selling “live goods” to thugs during the transportation. Women from Germany, Poland and Baltic states were “valued” especially and gang raped. Some kingpins had a “property” of 2-3 such women.’
‘“Enemy” women are working out their “guilt” before “party and soviet people” in ITL.’
‘During the cult years, some brutes had “fun” with throwing “enemy” women to ant hills for “misbehaving”.’
‘Young women that refused to have sex with Gulag butchers were thrown to ant hills or tied to trees “for ants and mosquitoes”. To let ants eat the victim from the inside, sometimes a pipe made of birch bark or hollow stem was inserted into vagina and legs tied spread. Often, female thugs were helping butchers to do this…’
‘“Now tell me you educated bitch, how you were teaching this capitalist genetics pseudoscience in your academic department! Speak or you’ll breathe through your arsehole!”’
Personal accounts of life in the gulag by two women
Above: Drawing by Danzig Baldaev, from Drawings from the Gulag. This drawing mirrors the account of survivors, who describe gang rape by prisoners and prison officers.
ELENA GLINKA, a 29-year-old engineering student, was arrested on false charges of treason, and spent six years in the Gulag. She was sent to one of the camps on the dreaded Kolyma Peninsula, where winter temperatures hover between -19C to -38C. Having disembarked at a small fishing village, she witnessed one of the mass rapes, nicknamed the ‘Kolyma tram’ because of the brutal manner in which they were carried out. As the youngest of the prisoners, Elena was ‘chosen’ for the exclusive use of the local miners’ Party boss — and thus spared the worst of an ordeal that still left her so traumatised she could write about it only in the third person.
‘WOMEN in Burgurchan!’ The news spread like wildfire and within an hour men began flocking to the town hall — first the locals, then men from farther afield, some on foot, some on motorbikes. There were fishermen, geologists, fur-trappers, a team of miners and their Party boss and even some convicts who had bolted from their logging camp.
Cigarettes, bread, even lumps of cured salmon were tossed to the corralled women prisoners who, after two days at sea, swallowed the food without chewing.
Then bottles began to clink and the men, as if on command, retreated to one side to drink vodka with the guards. There were songs and toasts, but there was also a clear purpose to this debauch as, one by one, the women’s guards passed out, dead-drunk.
whooping and hollering, the men rushed the women and began to haul them into the building, twisting their arms, dragging them through the grass, brutally beating any who resisted. They knew their business; it was co-ordinated and confident. Benches were removed, planks nailed over the windows, kegs of water hauled in.
That done, whatever rags or blankets they had at hand — padded vests, bedrolls, mats — were spread out and the women thrown to the floor. A line of about 12 men formed by each woman and the Kolyma tram began.
When it was over, the dead women were dragged away by their feet; the survivors were doused with water from the buckets and revived. Then the lines formed up again.
HAVA VOLOVICH was a newspaper sub-editor who was arrested in 1937, aged 21, for being publicly critical of the damage done to Ukrainian peasants by the new collective system, which grouped together dozens of farms to make one giant super-farm. She remained in the Gulag for 16 years, where she became one of the tens of thousands of young prisoners to become pregnant and have a baby. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death.
A number of men offered their ‘services’ — and I did not choose the best by any means. But the result of my choice was an angelic little girl with golden curls. I called her Eleanor.
There were three mothers in our barracks and we were given a tiny little room of our own. By night, we brushed from our babies the bedbugs that fell from the ceiling like sand. By day, we left them with any old woman who had been let off work, knowing these women would calmly help themselves to the food we left for the children.
No escape: Women and children work at a gulag in 1932. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death
Every night for a year, I stood at my child’s cot, picking off the bedbugs and praying, begging God to prolong my torment by 100 years if it meant I wouldn’t be parted from my daughter.
But God did not answer my prayer. Eleanor had barely started walking and had just uttered her first, heart-warming word — ‘Mama’ — when we were dressed in rags, despite the winter’s chill, bundled into a freight car and transferred to the ‘mother’s camp’.
Here, I was expected to work in the forest, felling trees as normal during the day — while my pudgy little angel with the golden curls, back at the camp’s infant shelter, soon turned into a pale ghost with blue shadows under her eyes and sores all over her lips.
I caught a chill on the bladder, terrible lumbago and shaved my hair off to avoid getting lice. My appearance could not have been more miserable and wretched. But in return for bribes of firewood, the guards let me see my daughter outside normal hours. But the things I saw!
I saw nurses shoving and kicking children out of bed before washing them in ice-cold water. I saw a nurse grab the nearest baby, tie back its arms and then cram spoonful after spoonful of hot porridge down its throat.
My little Eleanor began to fade faster. ‘Mama, want home,’ she cried one evening, her little body covered with mysterious bruises.
On the last day of her life, when I picked her up to breast-feed her, she stared wide-eyed into the distance, clawing and biting at my breast, begging to be put down.
In the evening, when I came back with my little bundle of firewood, her cot was empty. I found her lying naked in the morgue among the corpses of the adult prisoners. She had spent one year and four months in this world and died on March 3, 1944.
Reproduced from: Daily Mail
Eisenhower’s camps: 1,700,000 Germans died
VIDEO: The Genocide of 1.7 Million German POW’s in Eisenhowers Rhine Meadow Death Camps. Youtube
Full video documentary about Eisenhower’s “death camps” that held German POWs here.
Eisenhower was able to circumvent the Geneva Protocols concerning the treatment of POWS by calling the German soldiers and actually ALL German civilians “disarmed enemy forces”. Using this designation, Eisenhower withheld food, water and other basic necessities to the POWs in the camps.
No food, water or shelter
Exposed to the elements, more than a million Germans died in US camps like these; millions died in the Soviet gulags they were taken to after the war
Media silent about Soviet gulag camps but vocal about German internment camps
More about the camp life of gulag prisoners and treatment of prisoners in NKVD detention centers as told by the drawings of prison guard, Danzig Baldaev, who spent 38 years working as a prison guard. His book is available here. Pictures below have been taken from this site. An interview with him is here.
Daniel Baldaev, the artist and ethnographer
Note: ITL: “Ispravitelno-trudovoi lager’”, or, literally, “corrective labor camp“.
Treatment of people in the NKVD detention centers and gulags
‘A prisoner who went on hunger strike is being forcefully fed through his nostril. According to laws of Soviet humanism, only those who had normal body temperature (36.6…37 C) could be shot.’
‘“I am… English, French, American, Japanese, Italian, German and other spy…”’
‘Preparations for freezing to death a thug who had lost his own life in card game.’
‘“Sprinkle ‘im with holy water for a better afterlife. I’ll give him snow so bulls won’t walk into him too soon!”’
‘In the Gulag, kingpins were privileged similarly to modern bureaucrats.’
‘Repeatedly convicted felons were about 3 steps higher than “enemies of the people” in criminal hierarchy. They usually weren’t working, having small-time thieves as servants and work results from common inmates. Those felons helped to eliminate “enemies of the people”…’
‘“Crushing the skull” of “enemy of the nation” who didn’t agree to give away his daily work results to thugs.’
‘Execution by the “court of thieves” sentence in one of ITL’s (Gulag abbreviation for labor penitentiary camps)’
‘By administration’s connivance in Stalin’s camps thugs were murdering inmates with electrocuting, stabbing, hanging, decapitating, inserting red-hot crowbar into anus etc. Many of thugs had 10 and more so-called “tups” at their account.’
‘“Sanitary shooting” of party and other staff by NKVD in national republics’
‘During the epoch of Stalin, such mass executions were common. Party staff, political and other activists, artists were executed by center’s orders, which were issued like hunting licenses by species of animals – moose, saigas, arkhars, argali, bears… This was made regularly to prevent the rise of national dignity in distant parts of the USSR.’
‘“After we’ll fuck this scoundrel’s ass through, he’ll be quick to remember how to make sabotage against Soviet regime and party in university with his cybernetics!”’
‘“Now it will be a lot easier for this Jewish Zionist to remember his global Yid-Mason plot membership!”’
‘A traditional Gulag joke for new arrivals – “give’em steam”’
‘New arrivals who were waiting in so-called “septic” were watered with fire hose from guard tower, while the outdoor temperature was -30…-40 C. After several hours of more waiting, covered with ice, they were finally let inside – when the administration wanted to.’
‘Wolf pits for “enemies of the people”.’
‘During initial construction of the Gulag, political prisoners often were embarked in the middle of nowhere (-40…-50 C) and ordered to build the prison camp right at the spot. They did so at the daytime sleeping in such pits at nights. Hardly a quarter of those people managed to survive until spring…’
‘Such mass murders had begun in 1920s in USLON (Solovetsk Special Camps Command) – the predecessor of Gulag. “Intelligentsia” always was an enemy of the stalinism. During 1930s, groups of “enemies” (mostly that “intelligentsia”) were deceitfully forced to go (or were transported) to the middle of wild steppe or tundra where they were shot with machineguns. Survivors were finished at the spot.’
‘Inside the one of many NKVD prisons. “Enemy of the nation” is being dragged back to his cell after another 3rd grade interrogation.’
‘With the most brutal and horrible medieval tortures, the NKVD was beating out of innocents completely absurd confessions like “spying for capitalist Antrantide”. Most of NKVD officers were just sadists – that was highly valued as “activism in fight against enemies”.’
‘The order “Face the corner, arms at sides!” was often used at interrogations.’
‘Interrogated “enemies” were standing at their feet for days without rest, food, water and sleep, suffering feet swelling. When the victims were falling down unconscious, they were swilled, beaten and forced to stand again. For their “efforts”, butchers were awarded and afterwards honorably retired at ages 50-60.’
‘“Sending stiff to permanent Arctic Ocean settlement” – drowning of frozen inmate corpses in river ice holes (to avoid grave digging in permafrost).’
Corpses of “enemies” are being thrown into “ammonal pits”.
‘“Ammonal pits” were dug out in permafrost soil with dynamite, toluene and ammonal explosions in different areas of USSR. Such pits housed up to several hundred corpses.’
‘Bowl of slumgullion and 300 g. of bread were all the man could hope after working the entire day outside in the cold. Trying to get a fake satiety, prisoners boiled the bread in salted water. Swelling, tag on the foot and prison graveyard were the result. The inmates were saying that Gulag was worse than Nazi concentration camps.’
‘“We have a plan to arrest 12 enemies! With this old goat professor, engineer and doctor woman we have only 10, so arrest two more from apartments on the 1st floor. Anyone, workers or kolkhozniks – that doesn’t matter, we have a number of 12. Go!”’
‘The NKVD covered up the entire country with a thick web of informers called “stukach” (slang derogatory name) and “seksot” (official abbreviation for “secret employee”).’
‘Secret web of delators was keeping the entire country in fear. Driven by envy, self-interest and other low instincts “stukachs” had no slightest conscience, shame or dignity. In their delations, they were falsely accusing everyone (family members, friends, co-workers, cell mates) of espionage, plots, anti-soviet propaganda and other crimes. The NKVD did no checks of those denunciations. Indeed, it promoted any perverted lie to forge good statistics and showoff trials upon “enemies”. So, the elite of nation was destroyed to achieve the stupidity and meanness.’
‘Thugs are drowning “enemy of the people” in the barrel with feces “parasha”. This was made by unofficial order of ITL administration to scare other political prisoners.’
‘For humiliation, this “intelligentsia” man was chained, provided with “pravda” newspaper and forced to defecate in his own bowl. Poster at the wall: “under the wise commandments of our party, soviet people will reach the peak of human happiness – the communism!”’
‘One of brutal methods of beating out the confession from “enemy” was “cut off the oxygen”.’
‘During interrogations, special NKVD goons called “hammers” and “axes” as well as investigators themselves often were wrapping victim’s head with a rubber bag. After a few times, victim suffered mouth, nose, ear bleeding…’
‘Interrogating “enemies”, NKVD staff was using old russian strappado torture…’
‘Legislated by Stalin and USSR Prosecutor General Vyshinsky, the interrogation of 3rd grade allowed to beat any confessions (about themselves and others) out of imprisoned “enemies of the people”. To stop the further tortures, many of prisoners were “confessing” the espionage, plots and diversions, or intentionally were choosing execution in the NKVD UFU slaughterhouse.’
‘In Solovetsk special camp, prisoners were punished for “misbehaving” by sitting at the roost mounted in desecrated church. This was going on for hours and days. Those who fall down suffered so-called “fun” – brutal beatings with a noose around the neck. Such tortures were used in other Gulag prisons also.’
‘Inmates are gathered for the roll call. Even dead and ill ones must present. Plan at any cost…’
‘“Brigades, line up! Take each other’s hands! Warning – one step aside is considered an escape, guards open fire without warning! Band – play the march! First squad, onwards! Supervisor, come to me!”’
‘A prison war between the “true thieves” and “bitches”.’
‘After the government order that determined the punishments for theft and robbery up to 20-25 years, criminal world had been broken on two. To survive and get the sooner release some of felons agreed to work, while other “thieves in law” refused and continued following their old traditions, calling the collaborationists “bitches”- traitors of “thieves’ law”, thus starting a bloody feud. There were fights with 50 and more thugs killed, while Gulag administration was taking no serious actions about that.’
‘“Hey you, jackals, slackers and goners, have your meal!”’
‘Mad from hunger, some prisoners were scavenging the kitchen waste for food. But commies were still unable to break the humanity of priests, nobility, White officers and officials as well as those of “intelligentsia”, workers and peasants with a strong willpower and Faith.’
‘Elimination of prisoners convicted with §.58 p.3 USSR criminal code (“enemy of the nation”), by UFU (Physical Elimination Command) NKVD.’
‘UFU was a successor of the ChON (State CheKa Political Command Special Formations), with a purpose of eliminating the prisoners – ill, exhausted, resisting ones etc. and execution of capital punishments. In Northern regions, corpses were drowned in swamps or buried in “ammonal pits”.’
‘Lay down! Get up! Lay down! Get up! Lay down! I’ll teach you all to love our order and the soviet regime!’
‘This was one of the most widespread methods of humiliation for “enemies of the people”. Prisoners were forced to lay down wherever the guards wanted – to snow, mud, or dirt. For disobedience, people were shot at the spot.’
‘Tighten my stump and I’ll haul ass for bandaging!’
‘Thugs (mostly thieves) were practicing self-injury to avoid heavy labor. They chopped off their own fingers and hands, swallowed spoons, nails etc. therefore getting nicknames like “self-chopper” etc.’
‘Murder of a “calf” by thug during the escape from ITL.’
‘Having no possibility to stock up on food in distant northern camps, getaway thugs often were taking inexperienced inmates with them – to kill and eat them on the way. In prison slang such victims were called “calf”. Even the approximate number of eaten “calves” is unknown.’
‘Wives, sisters and daughters of “enemies” whose work results didn’t met the plan, were getting reduced rations.’
Compare and Contrast
Comparing the two labor camps, the Soviet gulag and the German camps.
Soviet gulag camp
German internment camp
“No work, no food”
There was a “No work, no food” policy in many camps. The amount of food was linked to a prisoner’s productivity. This was part of Naftaly Frenkel’s “nourishment scale” or “You-eat-as-you-work” system. This system contributed greatly to the death toll at the camps. Daily rations of 1,200-1,300 calories were given to people who had to do hard labor that required 3,100-3,900 calories a day (WHO).
Food rations not compatible with life in many cases
Daily food ration: 400 to 800 grams of bread.
Daily calories: 1,200 to 1,300 calories.
Aim: To get rid of prisoners after 3 months, as prisoners were the most productive in the first 3 months, and were easily replaced as new arrivals were constantly entered the gulag system – Naftaly Frenkel’s “efficiency system”.
Goners were extremely emaciated prisoners on the verge of death from starvation. Their presence constantly reminded prisoners of their potential fate if they failed to fulfill work quotas and thus were deprived of their full food rations.
Drawing by Jacques Rossi. (Courtesy of Regina Gorzkowski-Rossi.)
Nazino – “Cannibal Island”
“The only thing they were given to eat by the guards was flour, which they mixed with river water to drink. It immediately gave them dysentery.
On the first night in their new home, 295 people died.”
Read more at Nazino
“The most productive workers received a food bonus of fish, potatoes, porridge, or vegetables to supplement his bread.
How much bread you got depended on how much timber you had cut the day before, a tally that really could be the difference between life and death. Those who met 100 per cent of the punishing targets — a physical impossibility for most men — earned 900g of bread (about 2lb), while those returning only 50 per cent of their targets got 300g.
Made from rye which had not been thoroughly cleaned, this black bread was the source of Gulag life and carefully hoarded throughout the day. A little with the breakfast soup; a few bites during the short dinner break at midday; more with the soup in the evening to stave off the inevitable pangs of hunger after 12 hours of cutting and stacking logs.” (Lev Razgon)
‘Bowl of slumgullion* and 300 g. of bread were all the man could hope after working the entire day outside in the cold. Trying to get a fake satiety, prisoners boiled the bread in salted water. Swelling, tag on the foot and prison graveyard were the result. The inmates were saying that Gulag was worse than Nazi concentration camps.’
*slumgullion: insubstantial and cheap stew
Meal time in a gulag
Lack of fresh food
“We had no winter clothes … all my teeth fell out because of lack of vitamins … we slept on a mattress stuffed with woodchips.”
“Death toll to be reduced at all cost”
Heinrich Himmler said the “death toll must be reduced at all cost”.
Chopped raw vegetables were to be one-third of the diet of the inmates in a drive to improve health and reduce the death toll.
Head administrator improved nutrition to decrease death toll
Oswald Pohl, head administrator of camps specified that raw vegetables were to be chopped and added (for vitamins) and sauerkraut rations be added too. Inmates who worked in the kitchen should be taught how to prepare healthy meals.
“Furthermore, it has been ordered in the field of nutrition that one-third of the food, raw and properly chopped, be added shortly before distribution, to the cooked food. Cooking too long has been avoided. Supplementary rations of sauerkraut and similar foods have been issued.”
Sauerkraut rations were added for better nutrition
Adequate and balanced meals, including meat and cheese.
Daily food rations for prisoners in Auschwitz
Aim: To save lives so that prisoners could be productive.
Prisoners at meal time.
Most camps had their own gardens.
Greenhouses used to stand at the northern end of the camp nursery. Vegetables grown in the nursery were intended for the camp’s kitchens; the crops grown, among others, were cabbages, tomatoes and beet. Herbs were grown too.
Some camps kept animals such as pigs for food.
This is a sketch of KL Neuengammes pig pens
One of the largest service buildings in Auschwitz. It had state-of-the-art cooking facilities. There were twelve of these throughout the camp.
* The caloric content of the diet was carefully monitored by camp supervisors and Red Cross delegates. It only deteriorated in Auschwitz and other camps towards the end of the war when German railroads and the entire transport system collapsed under constant aerial attacks of the Allies.
In the last years of the war, the meals became meager but everyone in Germany faced the same shortages at that time.
The dining hall at Auschwitz
Greenhouse at Auschwitz
Auschwitz: Greenhouse provided fresh fruit and vegetables for the inmates.
Inmates reported there were tea plants grown in the camps from which they could pick tea leaves and make tea for the inmates.
“How much bread you got depended on how much timber you had cut the day before”
“How much bread you got depended on how much timber you had cut the day before, a tally that really could be the difference between life and death. Those who met 100 per cent of the punishing targets — a physical impossibility for most men — earned 900g of bread (about 2lb), while those returning only 50 per cent of their targets got 300g.
Made from rye which had not been thoroughly cleaned, this black bread was the source of Gulag life and carefully hoarded throughout the day. A little with the breakfast soup; a few bites during the short dinner break at midday; more with the soup in the evening to stave off the inevitable pangs of hunger after 12 hours of cutting and stacking logs.”
Nazino: Cannibal Gulag
This was an island gulag for “undesirables” and people who were plucked off the streets. 6,000 people were shipped there, of which 4,000 died. This shows the callousness of the communist government of the Soviet Union, its disregard for the life and wellbeing of its citizens.
Such is the power of the media to control people’s minds, and frame the narrative for them, and instruct them as to what the “truth” is in the West that events like this are hardly known in the West; yet, everyone has heard the “Six Million Jews Were Gassed in the Holocaust” story.
The Soviet Government who spread the myth that six million Jews were gassed in the so-called “Holocaust” are the same people who covered up for decades this atrocity done by them.
PHOTOS: Cannibal Island, where people ate others to survive
Part of Stalin’s plan was for these 6,000+ people to settle the Siberian tundra to which they’d been banished. This land was already a part of Russia, but it was completely uninhabited due to the harsh and unforgiving climate. Eventually, Stalin hoped to resettle 2,000,000 Russians on Nazino Island.
On the island, these doomed and abandoned people had no access to food and basic supplies for survival. The only thing they were given to eat by the guards was flour, which they mixed with river water to drink. It immediately gave them dysentery.
On the first night in their new home, 295 more people died.
Read more: Nazino – Cannibal Island
Utensils and personal belongings
Soviet gulag camp
German internment camp
Prisoners’ Eating Utensils
Dish from labor camp Stvor, Perm region, 1950s. Before the 1950s, camps did not provide dishes, and prisoners ate food from small pots.
Portion of hand-made spoon from labor camp Bugutychag, Kolyma, 1930s. Spoons were considered a luxury in the 1930s and 1940s, and most prisoners had to eat with their hands and drink soup out of pots.
Pot made out of a tin can from a labor camp in Kolyma, 1930s. Such pots were made in the camp workshops by prisoners who exchanged them for food.
Camp mug from labor camp Bugutychag, Kolyma, 1930s. Originally manufactured as a kerosene measuring cup, this mug is unusually durable. It was probably stolen from the camp workshop by a prisoner to use as his personal mug.
Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.
Newcomers had their good clothes and possessions taken from them
A drawing by Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia, a former Gulag prisoner.
New arrivals were stripped outside in the cold. Their belongings were searched and guards took the good shoes, mittens, scarves, sweaters and vests for themselves, leaving the inmates with just rags.
Camp jacket of maximum security prisoner
The top board is for letters, toothbrush, razor, tobacco, etc. The lower board is for your plate and drinking glass. Behind these, you put your bread and other edibles. Spoon and knife are to be put in the board of the cupboard door. All of these are to be kept spotlessly clean. Your coat is to lay folded on the bottom, number on the top. Just before lights out, shoes are to be cleaned outside the barracks and then placed in front of the cupboard with the socks on top. It is forbidden to take socks into the sleeping area.
People had their own plate, drinking glass, spoon and knife
Camps had their own money system
The camp had its own money in the form of coupons. Inmates who did extra work were given these coupons which they could spend at the cantina (commissary) and buy cigarettes and beer, and even cake and ice cream in some camps.
Inmates had bank accounts and could receive money from their relatives
All prisoners are allowed to receive money from their family. Received monies will be paid into the prisoner’s account.”
Radios and newspapers
Patients could have radios and newspapers.
Post office was available
Inmates could send a postcard to people outside the camp. Pickups and deliveries were twice-weekly.
Type of work
Soviet gulag camp
German internment camp
Gulag prisoners could work up to 14 hours per day. Typical Gulag labor was exhausting physical work. Toiling sometimes in the most extreme climates, prisoners might spend their days felling trees with handsaws and axes or digging at frozen ground with primitive pickaxes. Others mined coal or copper by hand, often suffering painful and fatal lung diseases from inhalation of ore dust. Prisoners were barely fed enough to sustain such difficult labor.
Prisoners work at Belbaltlag, a Gulag camp for building the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal.
Prisoners work at Belbaltlag, a Gulag camp for building the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal.
Prisoners mine gold at Kolyma, the most notorious Gulag camp in extreme northeastern Siberia.
Horrific: Workers in the gulag had to endure sub-Arctic temperatures, undertake heavy labour at gunpoint and try to avoid starving to death
Hellish: Manacled and with barely enough clothing to keep them warm, prisoners had to work in Siberian temperatures. Toture, or death, was common for anyone who didn’t comply