*DEBUNKING THE HOLOCAUST III

*Warning: This page has distressing pictures of rape, torture, mutilation, corpses*

Prussian blue – cyanide

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Prussian blue – this is made when iron sulfate is mixed with cyanide. 

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Van Gogh’s “Starry Night” uses Prussian blue pigment.

Cyanide poison is a clear liquid or gas. Cyanide has a distinctive smell of almonds. It causes death by the cyanide molecule combining to the hemoglobin molecule. It does not cause cyanosis. Death can occur within minutes after exposure. Symptoms can develop within seconds.

Offgassing

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Prussian blue is cyanide combined with iron to make ferrous cyanide. It is bright blue in color. This is why cyanide was known as “Prussian blue”. It is used as a pigment in paints. In this form, as an iron compound, it is not that toxic. Cyanide was invented by a German. Cyanide is known as “Blausäure” in German. 

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Cyanide permeates through the brickwork and masonry and leaves a blue staining behind. 

Contamination with cyanide poison through touch and breathing in offgassing

Absorption can occur via all routes. Patients can give off vapors from their bodies, through the pores of their skin. This is called offgassing. Rescuers can become contaminated by touching the skin or clothing of the cyanide-poisoning patient or by breathing in the offgassing.

Causes of contamination:

  • Touching a patient’s skin or clothing with bare hands
  • Breathing in the offgassing

Gloves and gas masks are mandatory for handling bodies poisoned with cyanide

It is recommended for rescuers to clean the body of the patient with soap and water.

Protective clothing is required when handling victims of cyanide poisoning. A gas mask will prevent rescuers from breathing in the offgassing.

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Rescuers handling victims of cyanide poisoning usually wear respirator masks, protective body suits and gloves. 

#gasmask

Germans wore a gas mask when handling deadly cyanide

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Type of gas mask worn by Germans in the 1940s (Picture: cwporter)

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A special can-opening device was used for opening cans of Zyklon B

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Workers fumigating with cyanide. The utilization of Zyklon was hazardous. Trained personnel – mostly sanitation workers – used special gas masks. The cyanide came in disk form as well as in pellets.  (Picture: cwporter)

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Disks and granules of HCN, hydrocyanic acid. Brand name is Zyklon B. (Picture on the left: cwporter.com)

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Translation of the above: “Scientific pest extermination with Zyklon B hydrocyanic acid – harmless and guaranteed. Kills pests” (cwporter.com)

Hydrocyanic acid, manufactured under the trade name Zyklon B (the B stands for ‘Blausäure’, HCN in German), was sold for use in the struggle against typhus-bearing vermin, especially lice. The HCN was aborted in a carrier substance, disks or granulate, containing the hydrocyanic acid (HCN).

(cwporter.com)

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German workers working at fumigation chambers at the Auschwitz camp. Note the clothes rack just outside the delousing chambers. (Picture: cwporter)

#naked

Drawings: Half-naked sonderkommando – no gas masks

Sonderkommando was an inmate who helped out the officers in the camp with certain duties like handling dead bodies. Notice the lack of protection in the sketches. None of the sonderkommandos are wearing gas masks or gloves. Cyanide can be absorbed through touch with the skin of a contaminated person. “Off-gassing”, which means the body of a poisoned person emanates cyanide vapor into the air, can also contaminate those handling the bodies of poisoned people.

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Drawing by an inmate allegedly showing gassed bodies being cremated. Working in this fashion, the possibility of secondary contamination of the sonderkommando workers is high. The drawing is unrealistic. 

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Drawing showing a half-naked man dragging corpses allegedly from the room where they have been gassed. It is unlikely that sonderkommando handled gassed bodies without wearing a gas mask, full clothing and gloves. Cyanide vapor can be off-gassed from a poisoned patient and be breathed in or absorbed through the skin by touch. 

Drawings: fraudulent portrayal?

No workers handling bodies that were poisoned by cyanide would handle the bodies without wearing a gas mask. Nor would they be naked in the top half as in the picture below right, or be without gloves. They would be at high risk of contamination from the cyanide poison themselves due to “offgassing” and bare-skin contact.

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The picture on the right is likely to be a fabrication of events. 

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Soviet camps vs German camps

VIDEO:  Soviet Run Death Camps In USSR Vs German Labour Facilities Teaching Inmates Skills   ArchiveOrg | Youtube

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2 million German women and children were raped by the Soviets after the war

In some places, every female from 8 to 80 years of age were raped. Even if they offered no resistance, many women and children were killed after they were raped. It wasn’t just the “enemy women” who were raped, people in the concentration camps were not safe either. Soviet soldiers even raped women in the camps after they liberated them, while the women were still in their prison uniforms.

The wartime rapes have been surrounded by decades of silence. According to Antony Beevor, whose books were banned in 2015 from some Russian schools and colleges, NKVD (Soviet secret police) files have revealed that the leadership knew what was happening, including about the rape of Soviet women liberated from labour camps, but did nothing to stop it.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s experience in World War II

During the war, Alexander Solzhenitsyn was the commander of a unit in the Red Army, and was involved in major action at the front, and was twice-decorated.

Solzhenitsyn also witnessed war crimes against local German civilians by the Soviet military. Women and girls were gang-raped to death, and the elderly were robbed.

A few years later, while in the gulag camp, he composed a poem entitled “Prussian Nights”, writing it on bars of soap to memorize the lines he had thought of in his head. In this poem, he describes a gang-rape of a Polish woman whom the Red Army had mistaken for a German. The first-person narrator in this poem comments on the events with sarcasm and refers to propagandists like Ilya Ehrenburg, who encouraged the rapes and atrocities to be done on the enemy peoples by using “Atrocity Propaganda”, a way of justifying cruel acts done on the captured people.

In the tract entitled “Kill”, Ehrenburg wrote:

“The Germans are not human beings. From now on the word German means to use the most terrible oath. From now on the word German strikes us to the quick. We shall not speak any more. We shall not get excited. We shall kill. If you have not killed at least one German a day, you have wasted that day … If you cannot kill your German with a bullet, kill him with your bayonet. If there is calm on your part of the front, or if you are waiting for the fighting, kill a German in the meantime. If you leave a German alive, the German will hang a Russian and rape a Russian woman. If you kill one German, kill another — there is nothing more amusing for us than a heap of German corpses. Do not count days, do not count kilometers. Count only the number of Germans killed by you. Kill the German — that is your grandmother’s request. Kill the German — that is your child’s prayer. Kill the German — that is your motherland’s loud request. Do not miss. Do not let through. Kill.”

In The Gulag Archipelago, Solzhenitsyn wrote,

“There is nothing that so assists the awakening of omniscience within us as insistent thoughts about one’s own transgressions, errors, mistakes. After the difficult cycles of such ponderings over many years, whenever I mentioned the heartlessness of our highest-ranking bureaucrats, the cruelty of our executioners, I remember myself in my Captain’s shoulder boards and the forward march of my battery through East Prussia, enshrouded in fire, and I say: ‘So were we any better?’”[17]

About the rapes of Germans done by the Soviet army, Solzhenitsyn said:

“All of us knew very well that if the girls were German they could be raped and then shot. This was almost a combat distinction.”

An extract from Prussian Nights is below:

Дом не жжен, но трепан, граблен.
Чей-то стон стеной ослаблен :
Мать – не на смерть. На матрасе,
Рота, взвод ли побывал –
Дочь-девчонка наповал.
Сведено к словам простым :
НЕ ЗАБУДЕМ ! НЕ ПРОСТИМ !
КРОВЬ ЗА КРОВЬ и зуб за зуб !
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Prussian Nights [5]

The little daughter’s on the mattress,
Dead. How many have been on it
A platoon, a company perhaps?
A girl’s been turned into a woman,
A woman turned into a corpse.
It’s all come down to simple phrases:
Do not forget! Do not forgive!
Blood for blood! A tooth for a tooth!
Robert Conquest 

He also wrote about how composing this poem helped him to survive his imprisonment.

Read more about here.

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#strictpolicy

German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) had a strict policy about rape: immediate execution

Summary execution was the penalty for soldiers found guilty of rape.

No man was allowed to steal anything from a civilian house and raping meant immediate execution. There were many men sent to military prisons after the first campaigns of the war for their bad behaviour. Those same men entered again in action in 1941-1942 in penal regiments and were slaughtered by frontal attacks and suicide missions. Field marshal Von Runstedt used many documents of court martials in the German Army at Nuremberg in 1945-1946.

General Guderian and many others specifically ordered to their men that they MUST:
– Behave as gentlemen.
– Treat the ladies and men respectfully.
– Pay for everything they consume.
– Do not attack verbally nor physically to ANYBODY.

This was during the occupation of France, Holland and Belgium. And indeed, German officers and soldiers followed these orders and behave as normal tourists in Paris, by example. They assisted to religious ceremonies and visited the museums as normal tourists.

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#ussrattitude

USSR’s attitude to wartime rape: “Soldiers have got to have their fun”

When Yugoslav politician Milovan Djilas complained about rapes in Yugoslavia, Stalin reportedly stated that he should:

“understand it if a soldier who has crossed thousands of kilometres through blood and fire and death has fun with a woman or takes some trifle.”[21]

On another occasion, when told that Red Army soldiers sexually maltreated German refugees, he reportedly said:

“We lecture our soldiers too much; let them have their initiative.”[22]

Historian Norman Naimark writes that after the summer of 1945, Soviet soldiers caught raping civilians were usually punished to some degree, ranging from arrest to execution.[23] However, the rapes continued until the winter of 1947–48, when Soviet occupation authorities finally confined Soviet troops to strictly guarded posts and camps,[24] separating them from the residential population in the Soviet zone of Germany.

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#statue

Statue symbolizing German rape victims removed

theneworder

DEPICTED AS AMERICA’S ‘GALLANT SOVIET ALLY’

Polish town removes statue to German women rape victims of World War II

Daily Mail Sunday, 20 October 2013

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Jerzy Szumczyk

ARRESTED — Polish art student Jerzy Szumczyk faces charges after setting up a statue depicting the rape of a German woman by a Red Army soldier. He was moved to create the work after learning about all the atrocities committed by America’s “gallant Soviet ally” in World War II.

GDANSK (DANZIG) — A statue that shows a Soviet soldier raping a pregnant woman as he holds a gun to her head has been removed and the artist arrested by authorities in northern Poland.

The statue, entitled “Komm, Frau” (Come, Woman), appeared on Gdansk’s Avenue of Victory on Saturday evening.

Artist Jerzy Szumczyk told Polish Radio he had researched the subject of rape by the Red Army, as it made its way across Eastern Europe between 1944 and 1945 towards Berlin. The fifth-year student at Gdansk’s Academy of Fine Arts was so emotionally affected by what he read, he felt compelled to express his feelings through art and created the sculpture.

Artist arrested

But the Polish artist’s attempt to pay tribute to the victims was short-lived, and the statue was removed.

Police spokeswoman Aleksandra Siewert said: “The artist was detained and released after questioning. “The matter will now be taken up by the prosecutor’s office.”

Before Germany invaded Poland in 1939, Gdansk [or Danzig, as it was formerly known by its German name] was a free city, and more than 95 percent of people living in [what is now] Gdansk at the time were German.

But millions of German women were raped by Red Army soldiers between 1944 and 1945 during the dying days of [the Third Reich]. Polish women. and even Russian women released from captivity, were also raped with numbers reaching 100,000.

Communists accuse Germans of their very own crimes

[With the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Communist propaganda claimed that rape and murder were common elements of the German advance].*

However, the Germans [actually did suffer that] fate when [Soviet] troops retook their land and swarmed into Germany.

During the Battle of Berlin more than a million German soldiers were killed, or later died in captivity.

The rape began as soon as the Red Army entered East Prussia in 1944. In many towns, every female between 10 and 89 was attacked. Soviet soldiers often carried out the assaults in front of their husbands and family as an added humiliation.

Red Army: rape as a weapon

A Red Army War Memorial in Berlin became known as the “tomb of the unknown rapist.”

It is believed that as many as 2 million women were raped by Red army officers, many of them several times over.

Many had to have abortions or be treated for the syphilis they caught from being raped by different men. Children born out of the abuses were called “Russenbabies,” and most were abandoned and left to die.

Stalin explicitly condoned rape as a method of rewarding the soldiers and terrorizing German civilians.

[His violently anti-German propaganda chief, the Jew Ilya Ehrenburg (the man who first came up with the “human soap” and “Six Million” fictions in the wartime Red Star newspaper) gave Soviet troops their daily dose of hate […]

Psychopathic atrocities

[Stalin’s psychopathic] police chief Lavrenti Beria was himself a serial rapist — a number of testimonies exist detailing how [Russian and other Eastern European] women and girls were grabbed off the streets and bundled into his limousine.

It is believed that more than 100 school-aged girls and young women were drugged and raped by Beria who ran the NKVD, the feared forerunner to the KGB.

The Red Army’s atrocities against women in Dresden in the spring of 1945, a city that had already suffered heavily from Allied bombing, were carried out in a particularly sickening and systematic manner.

Women were dragged out of their homes and raped in the street in front of their husbands, who were forced to watch. Then, more often than not, the men were shot.

Interned women ‘liberated’

As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands more in Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

There are even accounts of women who had been liberated from concentration camps, emaciated and still wearing prison uniforms, being raped by [Red Army] soldiers.

Richard Evans, Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, wrote a book on the topic in which he recounts the extreme violence of many of he encounters. He wrote: “Rape was often accompanied by torture and mutilation and frequently ends in the victim being shot or bludgeoned to death. The raging violence was undiscriminating.”

* Rare instances of rape and murder in the highly disciplined German armed forces were, in fact, punished by summary execution. For a description of a different kind of behavior by the Red Army, see the horrifying account in Stalin’s War of Extermination by Joachim Hoffmann, available from NS Publications,
PO Box 188, Wyandotte MI 48192 / nspub@tds.net.

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“KOMM, FRAU” — The graphic depiction of a Red Army soldier raping a pregnant German woman, symbolizing the fate of millions during and after the Second World War, has prompted Polish authorities to absolve the perpetrators of Katyn and to arrest the offending artist.

Contrast this to the only record of a “confession” from Germans’ that rape had been done, allegedly preserved in a taped recording. This seems to be the only preserved documentation of such a confession. The authenticity has not been confirmed. Of course, there were cases of German soldiers raping women. However, the incidence of rape was much lower than the Soviet army because of the famous discipline of the Wehrmacht and the rules that were strict about rape. Hitler, unlike Stalin, had a strong policy to punish soldiers for raping enemy women, and he enforced it. Instead of encouraging rape, making it seem a reward or booty for the soldiers, Hitler did the opposite. He actively enforced the penalty for rape, which was summary execution.

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#metgethen

Metgethen and Nemmersdorf Massacres

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Map shows East Prussia, now known as Kaliningrad. It became Russian territory after the war. Previously, 90% of the population were German-speaking. 

Significance of these massacres

These two towns in East Prussia were the sites of two massacres by the Soviet army. These massacres, repeated across the rest of East Prussia and up to Berlin, are significant because at these sites of massacres, a photographic record was able to be captured and preserved by the Germans when they retook the towns from the Soviets, and for a brief time, these towns were in German hands, before they were re-taken by the Soviet Union. The atrocities were documented by the Germans. German cinema would show these photographs in news reels. Later, after the US captured Germany, 26 photos of the massacres were taken back to the USA, and kept in the archives.

Other massacres done by the Soviets that were documented by the Germans include the Katyn Forest massacre, the Latvian massacre (see below, Baigais Gads), and the NKVD prison massacres in Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Belarussia and many other places. Of course, these were not the only massacres done by the Soviets. However, the Germans were able to capture a photographic record of these ones, so knowledge of the massacres and confirmation of eyewitness testimonies have been able to be passed on to people today.

Without the proof of the photographs, it’s likely the massacres would have been dismissed as fantasy or German propaganda. In the case of the Katyn Forest massacre of 22,000 Polish Army soldiers and officers by the Soviets (this figure includes those who were killed in gulags, Cheka prisons and killed in transports to the gulags), the truth was covered up and the massacre was blamed on the Germans. It wasn’t until the Soviet government fell, in 1990, that the truth was revealed about who had done the massacre, and the blame was lifted from the Germans.

These massacres also have another significance. They give proof of the massacres that went on within the Soviet Union itself. Proof of these massacres have largely been destroyed as the Soviet government did not keep evidence of the Red Terror that they waged on the people.  Some photos have made their way out, but the scarcity of these photos do not do justice to the scale of atrocity that went on under the Bolshevik communist government.

However, the photographic records that exist show the modus operandi of the Soviet government, a modus operandi that was used not just in the occupied territories of Eastern Europe but throughout the whole of the Soviet Union. They support the words of people like Alexander Solzhenitsyn or the drawings of ethnographer and artist Danzig Baldaev. The consistency of reports by people from such different backgrounds is proof of their veracity.

Location of Metgethen and Nemmersdorf

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Another map showing Kaliningrad. This is where Soviet atrocities done on ethnic Germans was first noted. The Germans were able to re-take these towns so photographic records have been able to be preserved of the massacres. 

Metgethen and Nemmersdorf were in East Prussia (now Kaliningrad Oblast, part of Russia). The capital city of East Prussia was Konigsberg (now Kaliningrad). East Prussia was the first territory that had belonged to Germany and was considered “German” culturally. 90% of the residents spoke German.

Even young children were violated and murdered

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East Prussia, Germany: German children raped and murdered by the Red Army. Two of tens of thousands of victims. 

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Everywhere you go, you see the same scenes. Here, Metgethen by Koenigsberg, raped and murdered women by the Reds. One was nailed on the cross naked. 

children murdered

murdered

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German inspections of Red Army crimes. 

Nemmersdorf and many other places were recaptured by German forces, despite the overwhelming number of advancing Soviet forces. This helped in revealing inhuman crimes of the Soviets.

Many civilians retreated together with German armies and their allies. Such people were mostly inhabitants of Western Europe, although there were cases when even Russians did so. Many Russian POWs did not want to return to the USSR.

Stalin considered all prisoners as traitors to the motherland and those that surrendered he demonized as ‘malicious deserters’. ‘There are no prisoners of war,’ he once said, ‘only traitors to their homeland’. Families of PoWs, or deserters, faced the harshest consequences for the failings of their sons or husbands – arrested and exiled.

Many Russian POWs knew that if they were taken back to the USSR, it would mean certain death.

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Women were brutally beaten, gang raped and murdered. Bodies of their murdered and mutilated children lay next to them.

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Another victim of Soviet atrocities in East Prussia. Raped and murdered.

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Several frames from German wartime newsreels showing (not most) horrible scenes of russian brutality.

Nemmersdorf (Ostpreußen), ermordete Deutsche

After the German army reconquered German town Nemmersdorf in East Prussia, they found German citizens who had been raped and slaughtered by the eastern forces. 

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Nemmersdorf and Metgethen are cities located in Kaliningrad Oblast. This country was called East Prussia (Ostpreussen) during WWII.

Even in Russia, the Soviet army were brutalizing civilians for “helping Nazis” and “living in wealth under occupation”. Even experienced soldiers were terrified by what they have seen in recaptured  villages.

In a recently published book by the Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, Richard Evans, a young Russian officer is quoted recalling how when his unit overtook a column of fleeing German refugees: ‘Women, mothers and their children lie to the right and left along the route, and in front of each of them stands a raucous armada of men with their trousers down.

The women, who are bleeding or losing consciousness, get shoved to one side, and our men shoot the ones who try to save their children.’

A group of ‘grinning’ officers ensured that ‘every soldier without exception would take part’.

Evans records: ‘Rape was often accompanied by torture and mutilation and frequently ends in the victim being shot or bludgeoned to death. The raging violence was undiscriminating.’

The insistence on the men watching the rapes was deliberate policy, intended ‘to underline the humiliation’.

Dailymail

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#dresden

Dresden massacre

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The Red Army’s atrocities against women in Dresden in the spring of 1945, a city that had already suffered heavily from Allied bombing, were carried out in a sickeningly systematic manner.

‘In the house next to ours, Soviet troops went in and pulled the women on to the street, had their mattresses pulled out and raped the women,’ recalled one inhabitant, John Noble.

‘The men had to watch, and then the men were shot. Right at the end of the street, a woman was tied to a wagon wheel and terribly misused.

‘Of course, you had the feeling that you wanted to stop it, but there was no possibility to do that.’ Women going to and from work past Red Army pickets were routinely raped.

The historian Chris Bellamy believes that although there are no surviving written records to prove it, ‘the hideous spectre of multiple rape was not only condoned, but, we can be pretty sure, legally sanctioned by the political officers speaking for the Soviet government’.

Nor is it true that rape was mainly carried out by reserve units following behind the front-line troops.

The Russian war correspondent Vassily Grossman was embedded with the elite front-line Eighth Guards Army which committed rape, as did at least one of his own war correspondent colleagues.

As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands in Romania and Bulgaria, which had been pro-Nazi, but also in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, which had not been.

Indeed, as Beevor points out, the Red Army even raped Russian women who had been liberated from concentration camps, emaciated and wearing their prison uniform.

dailymail

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#russianfemaleprisoners

Russian female prisoners were raped by Soviet soldiers too

Russian women who, still wearing their prison uniforms, were raped by the same soldiers who liberated them from the German internment camps. (Beevor)

As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands in Romania and Bulgaria, which had been pro-Nazi, but also in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, which had not been.

In total, 220,000-370,000 rapes of non-German women by Soviets occurred.

Read more: dailymail

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#follow

Most inmates at Auschwitz chose to follow the camp attendants than wait for liberation by the Soviets

Is it any wonder that when the inmates were given a choice of either leaving with the camp attendants or staying back to await the Soviets in January 1945 when the war was almost over, most decided to leave with the Germans?

The Soviets found only 7,000 inmates when they liberated Auschwitz on January 27, 1945.

Why would inmates choose to go with the camp attendants if the camp attendants had been abusing them?

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#beria

Stalin’s own Cheka chief, Lavrentiy Beria, was a serial rapist and murderer

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Records that were unsealed at the fall of the Soviet Union show that Beria was a prolific rapist. Using his position as the chief of the NKVD (Secret Police), he would trawl the streets and pick up women, telling them they would meet someone famous, and then rape them. In some cases he killed them. One building that was his former residence was found to have victims’ remains concealed inside the walls.

With rapists and murderers high within the ranks of government, it is little surprise that so many stories of torture, rape, and other abuse as well as murder have come out since the fall of the Soviet Union. A culture of disregard for human rights and a megalomaniac desire to hold onto power characterized the Bolshevik communist government.

It would also make sense that the USSR, the victors of World War II, would fabricate the Holocaust tale, creating the “Six Million” lie, when all the while, they had in their possession the German camp records of the internment camp commandants, which showed that the total death was 280,000.

Laverentiy Beria

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Massacre of Red Army officers

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Under Beria, over 500 NKVD agents and 30,000 Red Army officers were executed. In addition, the NKVD was responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of ordinary Soviet citizens which were convicted of high treason by false, and absurd accusations.

Beria masterminded Katyn Forest massacre with Stalin’s approval

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The Katyn massacre, also known as the Katyn Forest massacre took place in 1940, and was a series of mass executions of Polish nationals and military officers, but there were also executions of the intelligentsia, doctors, priests and others carried out by the Soviet secret Jewish police NKVD. Based on Lavrentiy Beria’s proposal to execute all members of the Polish Officer Corps, dated 5 March 1940, and with Stalin’s approval, Beria’s NKVD executed a total of over 22,000 people, but the most commonly cited estimate was 21,768. Having retaken the Katyn area almost immediately after the Red Army had recaptured Smolensk, around September–October 1943, NKVD forces began a cover-up operation. Witnesses were “interviewed”, and threatened with arrest for collaborating with the Nazis if their testimonies disagreed with the official line.

Rape and murder of women

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These records contained the official testimony from Colonel R.S. Sarkisov and Colonel V. Nadaraia, two of Beria’s most senior NKVD bodyguards. They stated that on warm nights during the war years, Beria was often driven slowly through the streets of Moscow in his armored Packard limousine. He would point out young women to be detained and escorted to his mansion where wine and a feast awaited them (while many people in the USSR starved). After dining, Beria would take the women into his soundproofed office and rape them. Beria’s bodyguards reported that their orders included handing each victim a flower bouquet as she left Beria’s house. The implication being that to accept made it consensual; refusal would mean arrest. But there are reports of Beria calling the bouquet a funeral wreath, as a sick joke, because he in some cases not only would rape the women but kill them.

Khrushchev in his published memoirs wrote: “We were given a list of more than 100 names of women. They were dragged to Beria by his people. And he had the same trick for them all: all who got to his house for the first time, Beria would invite for a dinner and would propose to drink for the health of Stalin. And in wine, he would mix in some sleeping pills.

Some women would submit to Beria’s sexual advances in exchange for the promise of freeing their relatives from the Gulag. In one case, Beria picked up Tatiana Okunevskaya – a well-known Soviet actress – under the pretence of bringing her to perform for the Politburo. Instead he took her to his dacha where he offered to free her father and grandmother from NKVD prison if she submitted. He then raped her telling her “scream or not, it doesn’t matter.” Yet Beria already knew her relatives had been executed months earlier. Okunevskaya was arrested shortly afterwards and sentenced to solitary confinement in the Gulag, from which she survived.

Bodies discovered in his former villa

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Bodies have been discovered that are contemporary with Beria’s bestial rapes. Evidence suggests that Beria not only abducted and raped women but also murdered them. His villa in Moscow is now the Tunisian Embassy. In the mid 1990s, routine work in the grounds turned up the bone remains of several young girls buried in the gardens. According to Martin Sixsmith, in a BBC documentary, “Beria spent his nights having teenagers abducted from the streets and brought here for him to rape. Those who resisted were strangled and buried in his wife’s rose garden.

“At night he would cruise the streets of Moscow seeking out teenage girls,” Antonov-Ovseyenko has said in an interview. “When he saw one who took his fancy he would have his guards deliver her to his house. Sometimes he would have his henchmen bring five, six or seven girls to him. He would make them strip, except for their shoes, and then force them into a circle on their hands and knees with their heads together. He would walk around in his dressing gown inspecting them. Then he would pull one out by her leg and haul her off to rape her. He called it “the flower game.”

Beria is known to have personally tortured and killed many victims in the purges, particularly women. The graves of many of these people were subsequently discovered in the garden and cellars of his Moscow residence, now the Tunisian Embassy. In 2001 human bones were found concealed behind the kitchen walls when the building was renovated. In the cellars the walls are in places scorched black where, it is said, Beria used a blowtorch to torture confessions out of his victims.

#beria

#cheka

Cheka

Cheka was the name of the secret police in the USSR. The secret police was also known as the NKVD. Later, it became the KGB. They waged terrorism on the populace of Russia and occupied territories. This terrorism is known as “Red Terror”. Massacres of people were part of this terror. Often, prisoners would be massacred in towns that the Soviets occupied. The Germans would find the bodies of the massacre victims when they re-took the towns in Eastern Europe.

The notable feature of the Chekists was their use of torture. Sadism characterized their acts. It was normal to find bodies that had their eyes poked out, noses cut off, tongues cut out, intestines pulled out through their mouths, nails ripped off, vaginas and anuses violated and mutilated.

Arbitrary arrest was a feature of the Cheka. People would be arrested because they used to be an officer or a soldier in the nationalist army. In one famous massacre, White Army soldiers and officers in Ukraine (White Army were the army that fought the communists in the Russian Civil War) were told there would be no reprisals if they surrendered and were taken prisoner. After they surrendered, the Cheka massacred them. 120,000 men were killed. In this massacre, Chekist leaders (Roza Semlyachka and Bela Kun) took a personal hand in the killing.

Compounding the war crime, the families of the surrendered army were transported to Cheka detention centers. There they would be subject to tortures and killed. The children would be murdered and dumped: the Chekists believed that these children would become a threat to them when they came of age. Also, family members would be sent to gulags to die of overwork and starvation. Many would die during the trip. Food and water was denied to the transported people on the long trip to the gulags that sometimes would take weeks. This was another method of killing people.

People that are famous Cheka leaders and Chekists:

#rozalia

Rozalia Zemlyachka

She was a high level Communist Party member that took part in mass murders that was called “Red Terror”, especially in Crimea, when it was part of Ukraine. She attended medical school before she joined the Bolshevik Communist Party, and with her medical background, she used her knowledge while she personally tortured and murdered her victims in her work as a Chekist.

“The Devil”

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(Real name: Rozalia Samuilovna Zalkind)

Birth Date: 01.04.1876
Death date: 21.01.1947
Extra names: Rozalia Semlyachka, “The Devil”, “The Demon”, Розалия ….

She is best known for her involvement in the organization of the First Russian Revolution, and as a member of the “troika”- Crimean Revolutionary Committee of the Communist Party. She, along with Bela Kun, was one of the organizers of the Red Terror in the Crimea in 1920-1921, a massacre of former soldiers of the White Army.

Under her direct command, more than 120,000 soldiers and officers were executed. She was personally involved in the executions.

From memories of Sergey Melgunov*, who was in Crimea at that time:

“Executions lasted several months, and machine guns ceased fire only in the mornings … Only in the first night, 1800 people were executed in Simpferopol, 420 in Feodosya, 1300 in Kerch …”

Read more at Rozalia Zemlyachka

*Sergey Melgunov is the author of Red Terror in Russia 1918-1923 available here

#belakun

Bela Kun

Bela Kun was a “double act” with Rozalia Zemlyachka. He, together with Zemlyachka, massacred the people of Ukraine, especially Crimea. Estimates of the slaughter number from 50,000 – 2 million. He would also rape the victims. Being a member of the Cheka gave these people considerable power. Through their network of spies, they were able to find out whether people had uttered any dissenting words to anyone. They took these people into custody into Cheka detention centers and tortured them and disposed of their bodies. Family members were terrified to enquire about their whereabouts or well-being lest they be taken into custody too. In this way, the government used terror to control the people.

Other times, the killings were more public. White Army soldiers who had surrendered were mowed down with machine guns in the street. Certain people were plucked from this group and made an example of by being publicly tortured by the Chekists.

In this way, the communist government crushed any dissent. So terrified were people that they did not speak of the atrocities they had witnessed and kept silent for decades. Slowly, after the fall of the Soviet Union did people come out and start telling what they had witnessed.

Here, also the photographic records made by the Germans when they entered towns that had been occupied by the Soviets help support the accounts of people who had lived through these times. Even though the photographic records are scant, they are enough to testify to the nature of the Red Terror that swept through Soviet-occupied Eastern Europe, particularly in Ukraine (Crimea), East Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia), Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.

Bela Kun – Chekist & Mass Murderer

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Two of the most brutal mass murderers of all time were Ms. Roza Zemlyachka (actually her real name was Rozalia Zalkind) and Bela Kun (Aaron Kohn), who was a member of a prominent lodge of Freemasons. Aaron Kohn came from Hungary and was known as the RED TERROR OF HUNGARY. His serial killing partner was Ms. Roza Zemlyachka who was called the “Fury of the Communist Terror” – together they made a formidable double-act of blood! They were mass murderers and millionaires!

Ms. Roza Zemlyachka was an utterly merciless and power-crazy woman who worked as a Chekist in the Crimea together with two other Jewish serial killers: Bela Kun and Boris Feldman – their mass murdering sprees were Russian state secrets until 1990.

Roza Zemlyachka makes Charles Manson look like ‘Dougal’ in the Magic Roundabout … She was born on the 1st of April 1876 and died on the 21st of January 1947 – during her life she murdered more people than any other woman to have lived in recent times. She eventually became the Communist Party Secretary of the Kremlin and, in 1939, vice-chairman of the Council of People’s Commissaries (that is: deputy prime minister)… She was partly responsible for the TERRORIST CAMPAIGN which is now known as ‘Red Terror‘, which was a campaign of mass killings, torture, and systematic oppression conducted by the Bolsheviks after they seized power in Petrograd and Moscow in 1917.

Soviet history describes the Red Terror as having been officially announced on September 1918 by Yakov Sverdlov and ending about October 1918 – but nearly all the Wiki pages and history books fail to mention that the murderers and policy designers of the Red Terror came from the same Hebrew background.

The Cheka (the Bolshevik secret police) conducted the mass repressions – one can only say that it was inspired from a furious revenge on the Ukrainians … Estimates for the total number of people killed in the Red Terror range from 50,000 to two million.

Rozalia Zalkind’s methods of execution were too nasty even for Dzerzhinsky in Moscow! Bela Kun and Roza Zemlyachka were particularly greedy when they went out on their forays. They managed to grab an unusually large amount of gold in Sevastopol which is the Crimean port currently under siege by former KGB agent Putin. These two serial killers at the top of the Kremlin hierarchy became fabulously wealthy.

At the same time, they took the opportunity to murder as many people as they could. It was an integral part of Bela Kun’s cruelty that he raped his female victims. This pair managed to murder 8,364 people in the Ukrainian port of Sevastopol during the first week of November 1920. 50,000 “enemies of the people” were killed in the Crimea, according to official sources (12,000 in Simferopol, 9,000 in Sevastopol, 5,000 in Yalta). The Russian author Shmelev, however, states that at least 120,000 people were murdered by them in the Crimea. Bela Kun used to lend a hand at mowing people down with several machine guns simultaneously – the body count would easily reach 70 people per minute. He became infamous as “the Commissary for Death”. Dzerzhinzky called him a lunatic.

Leon Trotsky, whose real name was Bronstein, personally gave Bela Kun orders to shoot 40,000 captured officers in the Crimea (this is confirmed by historic documents republished by Dagens Nyheter in November 1993).

These serial killers were also freemasons! Bela Kun led the Communist terror regime in Hungary. He was a Master of the Johannes Lodge in Debrecen. He was also a member of B’nai B’rith.

Read more: Bela Kun

#yagoda

Genrikh Yagoda

Yagoda was the head of the Cheka from 1934-1936. He was also chief of Internal Affairs and head of the border guards. Therefore, he wielded considerable power. He is notable for the decimation of intellectuals in Russia. A quarter of the population of St Petersburg were arrested and liquidated when Yagoda was in power. He was also instrumental in making the gulag system a place of terror and abuse. He oversaw Stalin’s Great Purge in 1936 in which many political figures were put on show trials and were executed. He himself fell out of favor with Stalin and was arrested in 1936 and executed in 1938. A prolific womanizer, after his death, his office was found to contain sex toys, women’s underwear and pornography.

Yagoda – butcher of the intelligentsia

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Solzhenitsyn writes of the period in 1934 and 1935, when the Jewish commissar Genrikh Yagoda headed the Soviet secret police, and Yagoda’s black vans went out every night in St. Petersburg, known then as Leningrad, to round up “class enemies”: former members of the aristocracy, former civil servants, former businessmen, former teachers and professors and professional people, any Russian — any real Russian — who had graduated from a university. A quarter of the population of the city was arrested and liquidated by Yagoda during this two-year period …

Read more: Genrikh Yagoda

#felix

Felix Dzerzhinsky

Born in Belarussia, and active in the Bolshevik movement in Poland, Germany and Russia in the early revolutionary days, Dzerzinsky was the founder of the Cheka and the gulag system, under Lenin. The gulag system was designed to operate as a slave system to enrich members of the party. To terrorize the people into obedience, he made the Cheka a brutal organization, with a network of spies. The Cheka detention centers were turned into torture chambers. The gutters of the killing rooms would be filled a foot deep with the blood and tissue matter of victims.

Felix Dzerzhinsky – He pioneered the use of torture by the Cheka

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The Cheka practiced torture and methods included being skinned alive, scalped, “crowned” with barbed wire, impaled, crucified, hanged, stoned to death, tied to planks and pushed slowly into furnaces or tanks of boiling water, or rolled around naked in internally nail-studded barrels. Women and children were also victims of Cheka terror. Women would sometimes be tortured and raped before being shot. Children between the ages of 8 and 13 were imprisoned and executed. Cheka was actively and openly utilizing kidnapping methods and with it was able to extinguish numerous people especially among the rural population. Villages were also bombarded to complete annihilation.

When ordered to their work they were told: “You are digging your own grave. You must be happy that tomorrow your own kind will be picking up the pieces of your cadavers.” People had their eyes gouged out, their tongues severed, and their ears sliced off. People were also buried alive.

The German Army discovered a chamber full of torture devices, including a testicle-cracker, in an underground chamber in Ukraine in 1941. Adapted dentist drills were used to drill deep into the brain. The Cheka sawed off the top of people’s skulls and forced others to eat their brains. The Jews were free to indulge their most fervent fantasies of mass murder of helpless victims. Gentiles were dragged from their beds, tortured and killed.

Some were actually sliced to pieces, bit by bit, while others were branded with hot irons, their eyes poked out to induce unbearable pain. Others were placed in boxes with only their heads, hands and legs sticking out. Then hungry rats were placed in the boxes to gnaw upon their bodies. Some were nailed to the ceiling by their fingers or by their feet, and left hanging until they died of exhaustion.

“The whole cement floor of the execution hall of the Jewish Cheka of Kiev was flooded with blood; it formed a level of several inches. It was a horrible mixture of blood, brains and pieces of skull. All the walls was bespattered with blood. Pieces of brains and of scalps were sticking to them. A gutter of 25 centimeters wide by 25 centimeters deep and about 10 meters long was along its length full to the top with blood.

Read more: Felix Dzerzhinsky

#kaganovich

Lazar Kaganovich

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Rosa Kaganovich

He was is arguably the biggest mass murderer in modern history. He was a proponent of the collectivization policy of the Soviet Union. He was responsible for the Holodomor, the famine-massacre-genocide of Ukrainians, Kazakhs and many other ethnicities in 1932-1933. 7 million is a popular estimate of the mostly Ukrainian people that died in this famine (Robert Conquest puts the death toll as high as 14 million in his book “Harvest of Sorrow”). In addition to death by starvation, many people died during forced settlements to other parts of the USSR and to the gulags in Siberia. Many died from the train journey, as denying food and water to the people locked up in the cattle trains was another method of killing of the government. Kaganovich’s sister, Rosa, was the third wife of Stalin.

Kaganovich – didn’t deny the accusation that he had murdered 20 million

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Kaganovich (together with Vyacheslav Molotov) participated with the All-Ukrainian Party Conference of 1930 and were given the task of implementation of the collectivization policy that caused a catastrophic 1932–33 famine (known as the Holodomor in Ukraine). Similar policies also inflicted enormous suffering on the Soviet Central Asian republic of Kazakhstan, the Kuban region, Crimea, the lower Volga region, and other parts of the Soviet Union. As an emissary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Kaganovich traveled to Ukraine, the central regions of the USSR, the Northern Caucasus, and Siberia demanding the acceleration of collectivization and repressions against the Kulaks, who were generally blamed for the slow progress of collectivization. Attorney Rafael Lemkin in his work The Soviet Genocide in Ukraine tried to present the fact of Holodomor to the Nuremberg trials as a genocide of a totalitarian regime.

On 13 January 2010 Kiev Appellate Court posthumously found Kaganovich, Postyshev, Kosior and other Soviet Communist Party functionaries guilty of genocide against Ukrainians during the catastrophic Holodomor famine.

Read more: Wikipedia

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“When the Gentile communist Nikita Khruschev accused Kaganovich in 1957 at a Soviet Party Congress of having murdered 20 million Russians during his career, Kaganovich didn’t even deny it. He only accused Khruschev of being a murderer too. “Your hands are blood-stained too,” Kaganovich told him. Khruschev pointed out that the difference was that he, Khruschev, had merely followed Kaganovich’s orders, while it had been Kaganovich who had formulated the policies of mass murder and had given the orders for carrying out those policies.”

Read more: David Irving – Letters

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#womeningulags

The treatment of women in Soviet gulag camps and Cheka detention centers

The treatment of women is best told by pictures. Prison guard Danzig Baldaev who worked in the prison system of the NKVD prisons then the gulag camps for about 50 years recorded the sickening abuse and grim reality of the life under Soviet communism. He dedicated the pictures to Solzhenitsyn in 1988.

The captions written by the artist are translated from the original Russian into English.

More about the artist here.

Drawings from the Gulag is available from here.

‘Somewhere inside one of the NKVD torture catacombs’

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‘By the order of the prosecutor general Vyshinsky, any methods were considered “good” to get the confession. NKVD staff used brutal tortures with pump, soldering iron, bottle (shoved into vagina and anus), rats (placed in the heated bucket under victim’s bare buttocks) etc.’

ITL administration is picking sex slaves from arrested family members of “enemies”.’

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‘Women “enemies of the people” were inspected naked before being sent to certain labor. Those who agreed to become sex slaves of administration were assigned to easy work. Others were either sent for logging and other heavy labor or put into cells and tortured with hunger.’

‘“Doctor, those inmates ain’t following the plan! Zero diet for ’em!”

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‘(Slogan at the wall: “Women are the great power!” – I. Stalin)

In ITLs (corrective labor camps), “enemies of the people” were forced to do the hardest work – digging and logging. Most of exhausted women suffered the vaginal prolapse as a result of strain and starvation. Weakened and ill ones were finished off by deprivation of food.’

‘With a purpose to inflict psychic trauma, “enemy” women and girls were stripped naked at interrogations.’

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‘Some perverts from NKVD loved to do this with young women and especially girls from “enemies” and “enemy family members” (“family member of the enemy” was an official reason for imprisonment – NvS). Neither oral nor written complaints had been reviewed by officials. Honest and principled State Attorney staff members were exterminated. The NKVD had unlimited right to take away any citizen’s life, while State Attorney Office became a puppet accomplice of NKVD with no own rights.’

9 grammes – a communist ticket to “happy childhood”.’

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‘Because of overpopulation in special orphanages for “traitors of the motherland family members”, “enemy” childeren were executed in Tomsk, Mariinsk and Shimanovskaya railroad station, Central Isolation Cell of BAM prison camp. It was considered that after reaching the age of majority, they would become a threat to existing system.’

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‘In addition to 3rd grade interrogation, women were put into thug cells where they were brutally humiliated and gang raped. Afterwards most of victims committed suicide (hanged themselves, cut their veins, ate soil etc.)…’

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‘With hunger, diseases and slave labor, millions of “enemy” and “kulak” women were murdered by communists – diehard enemies of freedom, democracy and the entire humankind.’

‘Interrogation of “enemy children” about counter-revolutionary activity of their families.’

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‘The NKVD supported delation of parents by their own children. Collaborators were praised like heroes, but some of them were forced to cooperation through beatings. In the entire country there were a campaign of public parent renunciations. Children were forced to give public confessions for the mass media and condemn “spies” on meetings. Some teachers forced their pupils to write essays like “What do you (yourself, your father and mother) think about the arrest of Marshals: Tukhachevsky, Blukher, Egorov and others”. After giving such an essay for check, many pupils were deprived of their parents and sent to special orphanage camps.’

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‘Prison guards are selling “live goods” to thugs during the transportation. Women from Germany, Poland and Baltic states were “valued” especially and gang raped. Some kingpins had a “property” of 2-3 such women.’

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‘“Enemy” women are working out their “guilt” before “party and soviet people” in ITL.’

During the cult years, some brutes had “fun” with throwing “enemy” women to ant hills for “misbehaving”.’

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‘Young women that refused to have sex with Gulag butchers were thrown to ant hills or tied to trees “for ants and mosquitoes”. To let ants eat the victim from the inside, sometimes a pipe made of birch bark or hollow stem was inserted into vagina and legs tied spread. Often, female thugs were helping butchers to do this…’

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‘“Now tell me you educated bitch, how you were teaching this capitalist genetics pseudoscience in your academic department! Speak or you’ll breathe through your arsehole!”’

From cvltnation.com

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Personal accounts of life in the gulag by two women

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Above: Drawing by Danzig Baldaev, from Drawings from the Gulag. This drawing mirrors the account of survivors, who describe gang rape by prisoners and prison officers.

ELENA GLINKA, a 29-year-old engineering student, was arrested on false charges of treason, and spent six years in the Gulag. She was sent to one of the camps on the dreaded Kolyma Peninsula, where winter temperatures hover between -19C to -38C. Having disembarked at a small fishing village, she witnessed one of the mass rapes, nicknamed the ‘Kolyma tram’ because of the brutal manner in which they were carried out. As the youngest of the prisoners, Elena was ‘chosen’ for the exclusive use of the local miners’ Party boss — and thus spared the worst of an ordeal that still left her so traumatised she could write about it only in the third person.

‘WOMEN in Burgurchan!’ The news spread like wildfire and within an hour men began flocking to the town hall — first the locals, then men from farther afield, some on foot, some on motorbikes. There were fishermen, geologists, fur-trappers, a team of miners and their Party boss and even some convicts who had bolted from their logging camp.

‘When it was over, the dead women were dragged away by their feet; the survivors were doused with water from the buckets and revived. Then the lines formed up again’

Elena Glinka

Cigarettes, bread, even lumps of cured salmon were tossed to the corralled women prisoners who, after two days at sea, swallowed the food without chewing.

Then bottles began to clink and the men, as if on command, retreated to one side to drink vodka with the guards. There were songs and toasts, but there was also a clear purpose to this debauch as, one by one, the women’s guards passed out, dead-drunk.

whooping and hollering, the men rushed the women and began to haul them into the building, twisting their arms, dragging them through the grass, brutally beating any who resisted. They knew their business; it was co-ordinated and confident. Benches were removed, planks nailed over the windows, kegs of water hauled in.

That done, whatever rags or blankets they had at hand — padded vests, bedrolls, mats — were spread out and the women thrown to the floor. A line of about 12 men formed by each woman and the Kolyma tram began.

When it was over, the dead women were dragged away by their feet; the survivors were doused with water from the buckets and revived. Then the lines formed up again.

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HAVA VOLOVICH was a newspaper sub-editor who was arrested in 1937, aged 21, for being publicly critical of the damage done to Ukrainian peasants by the new collective system, which grouped together dozens of farms to make one giant super-farm. She remained in the Gulag for 16 years, where she became one of the tens of thousands of young prisoners to become pregnant and have a baby. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death.

A number of men offered their ‘services’ — and I did not choose the best by any means. But the result of my choice was an angelic little girl with golden curls. I called her Eleanor.

There were three mothers in our barracks and we were given a tiny little room of our own. By night, we brushed from our babies the bedbugs that fell from the ceiling like sand. By day, we left them with any old woman who had been let off work, knowing these women would calmly help themselves to the food we left for the children.

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No escape: Women and children work at a gulag in 1932. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death

Every night for a year, I stood at my child’s cot, picking off the bedbugs and praying, begging God to prolong my torment by 100 years if it meant I wouldn’t be parted from my daughter.

But God did not answer my prayer. Eleanor had barely started walking and had just uttered her first, heart-warming word — ‘Mama’ — when we were dressed in rags, despite the winter’s chill, bundled into a freight car and transferred to the ‘mother’s camp’.

Here, I was expected to work in the forest, felling trees as normal during the day — while my pudgy little angel with the golden curls, back at the camp’s infant shelter, soon turned into a pale ghost with blue shadows under her eyes and sores all over her lips.

I caught a chill on the bladder, terrible lumbago and shaved my hair off to avoid getting lice. My appearance could not have been more miserable and wretched. But in return for bribes of firewood, the guards let me see my daughter outside normal hours. But the things I saw!

I saw nurses shoving and kicking children out of bed before washing them in ice-cold water. I saw a nurse grab the nearest baby, tie back its arms and then cram spoonful after spoonful of hot porridge down its throat.

My little Eleanor began to fade faster. ‘Mama, want home,’ she cried one evening, her little body covered with mysterious bruises.

On the last day of her life, when I picked her up to breast-feed her, she stared wide-eyed into the distance, clawing and biting at my breast, begging to be put down.

In the evening, when I came back with my little bundle of firewood, her cot was empty. I found her lying naked in the morgue among the corpses of the adult prisoners. She had spent one year and four months in this world and died on March 3, 1944.

Reproduced from: Daily Mail

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#eisenhower

Eisenhower’s camps: 1,700,000 Germans died

VIDEO:  The Genocide of 1.7 Million German POW’s in Eisenhowers Rhine Meadow Death Camps.  Youtube

Full video documentary about Eisenhower’s “death camps” that held German POWs here.

Eisenhower was able to circumvent the Geneva Protocols concerning the treatment of POWS by calling the German soldiers and actually ALL German civilians “disarmed enemy forces”. Using this designation, Eisenhower withheld food, water and other basic necessities to the POWs in the camps.

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No shelter and little food and water

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Exposed to the elements, more than a million Germans died in US camps like these; millions died in the Soviet gulags they were taken to after the war

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#drawingsfromthegulag #danzigbaldaev

Danzig Baldaev, ethnographer who recorded the gulag in drawings

Danzig Baldaev drew pictures about the camp life of gulag prisoners and treatment of prisoners in NKVD detention centers, based on his experiences there. He spent 38 years working as a prison guard, starting off working at the NKVD prison centers, then moving to the labor camps.

His book is available here. Pictures below have been taken from this site. An interview with him is here.

The drawings are accompanied by captions that show his cynical but telling view of the Soviet penal system.

His own parents (his father was an ethnographer) were victims of the state and he was orphaned at a young age.

He dedicated the book Drawings from the Gulag to Aleksander Solzhenitsyn.

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Danzig Baldaev, the artist and ethnographer

VIDEO: Youtube

From cvltnation.com

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#gulagdrawings

“Drawings from the Gulag” by Danzig Baldaev

From cvltnation

Note: ITL: “Ispravitelno-trudovoi lager’”, or, literally, “corrective labor camp“.

Treatment of people in the NKVD detention centers and gulags

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‘A prisoner who went on hunger strike is being forcefully fed through his nostril. According to laws of Soviet humanism, only those who had normal body temperature (36.6…37 C) could be shot.’

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‘“I am… English, French, American, Japanese, Italian, German and other spy…”’

‘Preparations for freezing to death a thug who had lost his own life in card game.’

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‘“Sprinkle ‘im with holy water for a better afterlife. I’ll give him snow so bulls won’t walk into him too soon!”’

‘In the Gulag, kingpins were privileged similarly to modern bureaucrats.

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‘Repeatedly convicted felons were about 3 steps higher than “enemies of the people” in criminal hierarchy. They usually weren’t working, having small-time thieves as servants and work results from common inmates. Those felons helped to eliminate “enemies of the people”…’

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‘“Crushing the skull” of “enemy of the nation” who didn’t agree to give away his daily work results to thugs.’

‘Execution by the “court of thieves” sentence in one of ITL’s (Gulag abbreviation for labor penitentiary camps)’

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‘By administration’s connivance in Stalin’s camps thugs were murdering inmates with electrocuting, stabbing, hanging, decapitating, inserting red-hot crowbar into anus etc. Many of thugs had 10 and more so-called “tups” at their account.’

‘“Sanitary shooting” of party and other staff by NKVD in national republics’

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‘During the epoch of Stalin, such mass executions were common. Party staff, political and other activists, artists were executed by center’s orders, which were issued like hunting licenses by species of animals – moose, saigas, arkhars, argali, bears… This was made regularly to prevent the rise of national dignity in distant parts of the USSR.’

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‘“After we’ll fuck this scoundrel’s ass through, he’ll be quick to remember how to make sabotage against Soviet regime and party in university with his cybernetics!”’

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‘“Now it will be a lot easier for this Jewish Zionist to remember his global Yid-Mason plot membership!”’

‘A traditional Gulag joke for new arrivals – “give’em steam”’

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‘New arrivals who were waiting in so-called “septic” were watered with fire hose from guard tower, while the outdoor temperature was -30…-40 C. After several hours of more waiting, covered with ice, they were finally let inside – when the administration wanted to.’

‘Wolf pits for “enemies of the people”.’

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‘During initial construction of the Gulag, political prisoners often were embarked in the middle of nowhere (-40…-50 C) and ordered to build the prison camp right at the spot. They did so at the daytime sleeping in such pits at nights. Hardly a quarter of those people managed to survive until spring…’

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‘Such mass murders had begun in 1920s in USLON (Solovetsk Special Camps Command) – the predecessor of Gulag. “Intelligentsia” always was an enemy of the stalinism. During 1930s, groups of “enemies” (mostly that “intelligentsia”) were deceitfully forced to go (or were transported) to the middle of wild steppe or tundra where they were shot with machineguns. Survivors were finished at the spot.’

‘Inside the one of many NKVD prisons. “Enemy of the nation” is being dragged back to his cell after another 3rd grade interrogation.’

018

‘With the most brutal and horrible medieval tortures, the NKVD was beating out of innocents completely absurd confessions like “spying for capitalist Antrantide”. Most of NKVD officers were just sadists – that was highly valued as “activism in fight against enemies”.’

‘The order “Face the corner, arms at sides!” was often used at interrogations.’

019

‘Interrogated “enemies” were standing at their feet for days without rest, food, water and sleep, suffering feet swelling. When the victims were falling down unconscious, they were swilled, beaten and forced to stand again. For their “efforts”, butchers were awarded and afterwards honorably retired at ages 50-60.’

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‘“Sending stiff to permanent Arctic Ocean settlement” – drowning of frozen inmate corpses in river ice holes (to avoid grave digging in permafrost).’

Corpses of “enemies” are being thrown into “ammonal pits”.

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‘“Ammonal pits” were dug out in permafrost soil with dynamite, toluene and ammonal explosions in different areas of USSR. Such pits housed up to several hundred corpses.’

025

‘Bowl of slumgullion and 300 g. of bread were all the man could hope after working the entire day outside in the cold. Trying to get a fake satiety, prisoners boiled the bread in salted water. Swelling, tag on the foot and prison graveyard were the result. The inmates were saying that Gulag was worse than Nazi concentration camps.’

026

‘“We have a plan to arrest 12 enemies! With this old goat professor, engineer and doctor woman we have only 10, so arrest two more from apartments on the 1st floor. Anyone, workers or kolkhozniks – that doesn’t matter, we have a number of 12. Go!”’

‘The NKVD covered up the entire country with a thick web of informers called “stukach” (slang derogatory name) and “seksot” (official abbreviation for “secret employee”).’

027

‘Secret web of delators was keeping the entire country in fear. Driven by envy, self-interest and other low instincts “stukachs” had no slightest conscience, shame or dignity. In their delations, they were falsely accusing everyone (family members, friends, co-workers, cell mates) of espionage, plots, anti-soviet propaganda and other crimes. The NKVD did no checks of those denunciations. Indeed, it promoted any perverted lie to forge good statistics and showoff trials upon “enemies”. So, the elite of nation was destroyed to achieve the stupidity and meanness.’

029

‘Thugs are drowning “enemy of the people” in the barrel with feces “parasha”. This was made by unofficial order of ITL administration to scare other political prisoners.’

030

‘For humiliation, this “intelligentsia” man was chained, provided with “pravda” newspaper and forced to defecate in his own bowl. Poster at the wall: “under the wise commandments of our party, soviet people will reach the peak of human happiness – the communism!”’

‘One of brutal methods of beating out the confession from “enemy” was “cut off the oxygen”.’

031

‘During interrogations, special NKVD goons called “hammers” and “axes” as well as investigators themselves often were wrapping victim’s head with a rubber bag. After a few times, victim suffered mouth, nose, ear bleeding…’

‘Interrogating “enemies”, NKVD staff was using old russian strappado torture…’

032

‘Legislated by Stalin and USSR Prosecutor General Vyshinsky, the interrogation of 3rd grade allowed to beat any confessions (about themselves and others) out of imprisoned “enemies of the people”. To stop the further tortures, many of prisoners were “confessing” the espionage, plots and diversions, or intentionally were choosing execution in the NKVD UFU slaughterhouse.’

033

‘In Solovetsk special camp, prisoners were punished for “misbehaving” by sitting at the roost mounted in desecrated church. This was going on for hours and days. Those who fall down suffered so-called “fun” – brutal beatings with a noose around the neck. Such tortures were used in other Gulag prisons also.’

037

‘Inmates are gathered for the roll call. Even dead and ill ones must present. Plan at any cost…’

‘“Brigades, line up! Take each other’s hands! Warning – one step aside is considered an escape, guards open fire without warning! Band – play the march! First squad, onwards! Supervisor, come to me!”’

‘A prison war between the “true thieves” and “bitches”.’

038

‘After the government order that determined the punishments for theft and robbery up to 20-25 years, criminal world had been broken on two. To survive and get the sooner release some of felons agreed to work, while other “thieves in law” refused and continued following their old traditions, calling the collaborationists “bitches”- traitors of “thieves’ law”, thus starting a bloody feud. There were fights with 50 and more thugs killed, while Gulag administration was taking no serious actions about that.’

039

‘“Hey you, jackals, slackers and goners, have your meal!”’

‘Mad from hunger, some prisoners were scavenging the kitchen waste for food. But commies were still unable to break the humanity of priests, nobility, White officers and officials as well as those of “intelligentsia”, workers and peasants with a strong willpower and Faith.’

‘Elimination of prisoners convicted with §.58 p.3 USSR criminal code (“enemy of the nation”), by UFU (Physical Elimination Command) NKVD.’

040

‘UFU was a successor of the ChON (State CheKa Political Command Special Formations), with a purpose of eliminating the prisoners – ill, exhausted, resisting ones etc. and execution of capital punishments. In Northern regions, corpses were drowned in swamps or buried in “ammonal pits”.’

‘Lay down! Get up! Lay down! Get up! Lay down! I’ll teach you all to love our order and the soviet regime!’

041

‘This was one of the most widespread methods of humiliation for “enemies of the people”. Prisoners were forced to lay down wherever the guards wanted – to snow, mud, or dirt. For disobedience, people were shot at the spot.’

‘Tighten my stump and I’ll haul ass for bandaging!’

043

‘Thugs (mostly thieves) were practicing self-injury to avoid heavy labor. They chopped off their own fingers and hands, swallowed spoons, nails etc. therefore getting nicknames like “self-chopper” etc.’

‘Murder of a “calf” by thug during the escape from ITL.’

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‘Having no possibility to stock up on food in distant northern camps, getaway thugs often were taking inexperienced inmates with them – to kill and eat them on the way. In prison slang such victims were called “calf”. Even the approximate number of eaten “calves” is unknown.’

‘Wives, sisters and daughters of “enemies” whose work results didn’t met the plan, were getting reduced rations.’

cvltnation.com

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#compareandcontrast

Compare and Contrast the Soviet and German camps

Comparing the two labor camps, the Soviet gulag and the German camps. In the media, the German concentration camps are described as “death camps”. Soviet gulags are hardly mentioned in the media. The truth about the German camps is they were labor camps. Major German companies had their factories in these camps. It was in the interests of the Germans to keep their prisoners alive and healthy since that would increase productivity.

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#food

Food

Soviet gulag camp

German internment camp

“No work, no food”

There was a “No work, no food” policy in many camps. The amount of food was linked to a prisoner’s productivity.  This was part of Naftaly Frenkel’s “nourishment scale” or “You-eat-as-you-work” system. This system contributed greatly to the death toll at the camps. Daily rations of 1,200-1,300 calories were given to people who had to do hard labor that required 3,100-3,900 calories a day (WHO).

Food rations not compatible with life in many cases

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Daily food ration: 400 to 800 grams of bread.

Daily calories: 1,200 to 1,300 calories.

Aim: To get rid of prisoners after 3 months, as prisoners were the most productive in the first 3 months, and were easily replaced as new arrivals were constantly entered the gulag system – Naftaly Frenkel’s “efficiency system”.

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Dokhodiaga (Goner)

Goners were extremely emaciated prisoners on the verge of death from starvation. Their presence constantly reminded prisoners of their potential fate if they failed to fulfill work quotas and thus were deprived of their full food rations.

Soup Ration

Drawing by Jacques Rossi. (Courtesy of Regina Gorzkowski-Rossi.)

Nazino – “Cannibal Island”

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“The only thing they were given to eat by the guards was flour, which they mixed with river water to drink. It immediately gave them dysentery.

On the first night in their new home, 295 people died.”

Read more at Nazino

“The most productive workers received a food bonus of fish, potatoes, porridge, or vegetables to supplement his bread.

How much bread you got depended on how much timber you had cut the day before, a tally that really could be the difference between life and death. Those who met 100 per cent of the punishing targets — a physical impossibility for most men — earned 900g of bread (about 2lb), while those returning only 50 per cent of their targets got 300g.

Made from rye which had not been thoroughly cleaned, this black bread was the source of Gulag life and carefully hoarded throughout the day. A little with the breakfast soup; a few bites during the short dinner break at midday; more with the soup in the evening to stave off the inevitable pangs of hunger after 12 hours of cutting and stacking logs.” (Lev Razgon)

Daily Mail

‘Bowl of slumgullion* and 300 g. of bread were all the man could hope after working the entire day outside in the cold. Trying to get a fake satiety, prisoners boiled the bread in salted water. Swelling, tag on the foot and prison graveyard were the result. The inmates were saying that Gulag was worse than Nazi concentration camps.’

*slumgullion: insubstantial and cheap stew

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Meal time in a gulag

Lack of fresh food

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“We had no winter clothes … all my teeth fell out because of lack of vitamins … we slept on a mattress stuffed with woodchips.”

“Death toll to be reduced at all cost”

Heinrich Himmler said the “death toll must be reduced at all cost”.

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Chopped raw vegetables were to be one-third of the diet of the inmates in a drive to improve health and reduce the death toll. 

Head administrator improved nutrition to decrease death toll

Oswald Pohl, head administrator of camps specified that raw vegetables were to be chopped and added (for vitamins) and sauerkraut rations be added too. Inmates who worked in the kitchen should be taught how to prepare healthy meals.

“Furthermore, it has been  ordered in the field of nutrition that one-third of the food, raw and properly chopped, be added shortly before distribution, to the cooked food. Cooking too long has been avoided. Supplementary rations of sauerkraut and similar foods have been issued.”

Axis History: Pohl Report

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Sauerkraut rations were added for better nutrition

Adequate and balanced meals, including meat and cheese.

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Daily food rations for prisoners in Auschwitz

Aim: To save lives so that prisoners could be productive.

Prisoners at meal time. 

Most camps had their own gardens.

Camp nursery

Greenhouses used to stand at the northern end of the camp nursery. Vegetables grown in the nursery were intended for the camp’s kitchens; the crops grown, among others, were cabbages, tomatoes and beet. Herbs were grown too.

Some camps kept animals such as pigs for food.

This is a sketch of KL Neuengammes pig pens

Camp kitchen

One of the largest service buildings in Auschwitz. It had state-of-the-art cooking facilities. There were twelve of these throughout the camp.

* The caloric content of the diet was carefully monitored by camp supervisors and Red Cross delegates. It only deteriorated in Auschwitz and other camps towards the end of the war when German railroads and the entire transport system collapsed under constant aerial attacks of the Allies.

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In the last years of the war, the meals became meager but everyone in Germany faced the same shortages at that time.

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The dining hall at Auschwitz

Greenhouse at Auschwitz

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Auschwitz: Greenhouse provided fresh fruit and vegetables for the inmates.

Inmates reported there were tea plants grown in the camps from which they could pick tea leaves and make tea for the inmates.

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Kazimierz Zarod:

“How much bread you got depended on how much timber you had cut the day before”

“How much bread you got depended on how much timber you had cut the day before, a tally that really could be the difference between life and death. Those who met 100 per cent of the punishing targets — a physical impossibility for most men — earned 900g of bread (about 2lb), while those returning only 50 per cent of their targets got 300g.

Made from rye which had not been thoroughly cleaned, this black bread was the source of Gulag life and carefully hoarded throughout the day. A little with the breakfast soup; a few bites during the short dinner break at midday; more with the soup in the evening to stave off the inevitable pangs of hunger after 12 hours of cutting and stacking logs.”

Daily Mail

#nazino

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Nazino: Cannibal Gulag

This was an island gulag for “undesirables” and people who were plucked off the streets. 6,000 people were shipped there, of which 4,000 died. This shows the callousness of the communist government of the Soviet Union, its disregard for the life and wellbeing of its citizens.

Such is the power of the media to control people’s minds, and frame the narrative for them, and instruct them as to what the “truth” is in the West that events like this are hardly known in the West; yet, everyone has heard the “Six Million Jews Were Gassed in the Holocaust” story.

The Soviet Government who spread the myth that six million Jews were gassed in the so-called “Holocaust” are the same people who covered up for decades this atrocity done by them.

PHOTOS: Cannibal Island, where people ate others to survive

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Part of Stalin’s plan was for these 6,000+ people to settle the Siberian tundra to which they’d been banished. This land was already a part of Russia, but it was completely uninhabited due to the harsh and unforgiving climate. Eventually, Stalin hoped to resettle 2,000,000 Russians on Nazino Island.

On the island, these doomed andabandoned people had no access to food and basic supplies for survival. The only thing they were given to eat by the guards was flour, which they mixed with river water to drink. It immediately gave them dysentery.

On the first night in their new home, 295 more people died …

Read more: Nazino – Cannibal Island

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#utensils

Utensils and personal belongings

Soviet gulag camp

German internment camp

utensils

Prisoners’ Eating Utensils

plate  Dish from labor camp Stvor, Perm region, 1950s. Before the 1950s, camps did not provide dishes, and prisoners ate food from small pots.

spoon.jpg  Portion of hand-made spoon from labor camp Bugutychag, Kolyma, 1930s. Spoons were considered a luxury in the 1930s and 1940s, and most prisoners had to eat with their hands and drink soup out of pots.

pot.jpg  Pot made out of a tin can from a labor camp in Kolyma, 1930s. Such pots were made in the camp workshops by prisoners who exchanged them for food.

mug.jpg  Camp mug from labor camp Bugutychag, Kolyma, 1930s. Originally manufactured as a kerosene measuring cup, this mug is unusually durable. It was probably stolen from the camp workshop by a prisoner to use as his personal mug.

Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.

Newcomers had their good clothes and possessions taken from them

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A drawing by Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia, a former Gulag prisoner.

New arrivals were stripped outside in the cold. Their belongings were searched and guards took the good shoes, mittens, scarves, sweaters and vests for themselves, leaving the inmates with just rags.

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Camp jacket of maximum security prisoner

Notice at one camp:

“CUPBOARD RULES

The top board is for letters, toothbrush, razor, tobacco, etc. The lower board is for your plate and drinking glass. Behind these, you put your bread and other edibles. Spoon and knife are to be put in the board of the cupboard door. All of these are to be kept spotlessly clean. Your coat is to lay folded on the bottom, number on the top. Just before lights out, shoes are to be cleaned outside the barracks and then placed in front of the cupboard with the socks on top. It is forbidden to take socks into the sleeping area.”

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People had their own plate, drinking glass, spoon and knife

Camps had their own money system

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auschwitz-money

The camp had its own money in the form of coupons. Inmates who did extra work were given these coupons which they could spend at the cantina (commissary) and buy cigarettes and beer, and even cake and ice cream in some camps.

Inmates had bank accounts and could receive money from their relatives

Receiving Money

All prisoners are allowed to receive money from their family. Received monies will be paid into the prisoner’s account.”

Radios and newspapers

Patients could have radios and newspapers.

Post office was available 

Inmates could send a postcard to people outside the camp. Pickups and deliveries were twice-weekly.

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Red Cross parcels

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German camp inmates received Red Cross parcels. Gulag inmates received none. German camps were also inspected by Red Cross officials. 

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#work

Work

Soviet gulag camp

German internment camp

Gulag prisoners could work up to 14 hours per day. Typical Gulag labor was exhausting physical work. Toiling sometimes in the most extreme climates, prisoners might spend their days felling trees with handsaws and axes or digging at frozen ground with primitive pickaxes. Others mined coal or copper by hand, often suffering painful and fatal lung diseases from inhalation of ore dust. Prisoners were barely fed enough to sustain such difficult labor.

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Prisoners work at Belbaltlag, a Gulag camp for building the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal.

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Prisoners work at Belbaltlag, a Gulag camp for building the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal.

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Prisoners mine gold at Kolyma, the most notorious Gulag camp in extreme northeastern Siberia.

PUBLIC DM ORIGINALS 31/05/2003 (P43) 1933 STALIN SLAVE LABOUR CAMP

Horrific: Workers in the gulag had to endure sub-Arctic temperatures, undertake heavy labour at gunpoint and try to avoid starving to death

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Hellish: Manacled and with barely enough clothing to keep them warm, prisoners had to work in Siberian temperatures. Toture, or death, was common for anyone who didn’t comply

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No escape: Women and children work at a gulag in 1932. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death

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Siberian Hinterland. To the east of the Perm region lies the vast Siberian hinterland. (Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.)

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Saw. A typical frame-saw used by the timber camp prisoners. (Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.)

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A pick axe used by gulag prisoners at a gulag museum

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Hauling rocks at a gulag

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Uranium mine in gulag at Pevek, Chukotka. Here workers would breathe in the deadly uranium dust. 

Prisoners at work in Monowitz factory at Auschwitz III

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Prisoners working in the Siemens airplane factory at Bobrek sub-camp Monowitz

Above: Aircraft plant at a concentration camp

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Germany wished, first of all, to win the war, and needed all available labor. Photos of workshops in the Jewish ghetto of Lodz.

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Inmates were mostly assigned to general work such as building roads and irrigation installations, or to the support of civilian (Polish and German) workers.

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Horticulture

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Factory for the manufacture of synthetic materials.

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The I.G. Farben power plant at Monowitz.

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The enormous Buna works manufacturing complex at Auschwitz III.

Inmates who did extra work were rewarded with coupons with which they could buy goods from the ‘cantina’ (camp commissary). 

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#chinese

Only 1 out of 270 Chinese prisoners survived

Lev Razgon was a Russian journalist who spent 18 years in the Gulag. His story:

OUR transport had been walking for a week and as we finally neared our destination, Camp No 1 in Ustvymlag, my first camp boss was outside waiting for us. A tall man in a well-made overcoat with a blue NKVD [the Stalin-era forerunner of the KGB] cap and boots polished to an unbelievable shine, Senior Lieutenant Ivan Zaliva, surveyed us with a severe and condescending gaze — his hand placed firmly on the wooden butt of his Mauser pistol. Over the forthcoming months, I would learn that he was a man of astounding ignorance and rare stupidity, who stuck devotedly to his official instructions, regardless of the cost in human lives.

To curry favour with his superiors, he always bought the cheapest food, the poorest clothing and, after three days, always switched new arrivals — many of them weakened by months in prison and weeks in transit — to a diet that related to their output.

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Slaughter: Prisoners building a copper factory in Norilisk in 1949. Sometimes Chinese who had inadvertently strayed over the invisible Russian border were thrown in the camps. Few survived the brutal conditions

There were 517 of us in the Moscow transport when we arrived in August 1938. By spring, after some 20 to 30 had been transferred to other camps, only 27 remained. All the rest had died that first winter.

In November 1938, 270 nomadic Chinese had arrived, having inadvertently strayed over the invisible Russian border. Zaliva set them to hauling timber by hand — a job that none of us could endure for more than a week.

The Chinese, however, worked steadily and calmly day after day, and when they had finished their punishing days, returned to the barracks, which they kept scrupulously clean and where they spent their evenings repairing their ripped clothing.

By February 1939, just three months after their arrival, 269 of these Chinese had died. Only one remained alive, working in the kitchen.

Reproduced from: Daily Mail

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#childcare

#medical

Child care and medical care

Soviet labor camp

German internment camp

9 grammes – a communist ticket to “happy childhood”.’

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‘Because of overpopulation in special orphanages for “traitors of the motherland family members”, “enemy” childeren were executed in Tomsk, Mariinsk and Shimanovskaya railroad station, Central Isolation Cell of BAM prison camp. It was considered that after reaching the age of majority, they would become a threat to existing system.’

________________

More frequently, mothers had little respite from forced labor to give birth, and Gulag officials took babies from their mothers and placed them in special orphanages. Often these mothers were never able to find their children after leaving the camps.

________________

“HAVA VOLOVICH was a newspaper sub-editor who was arrested in 1937, aged 21… She remained in the Gulag for 16 years, where she became one of the tens of thousands of young prisoners to become pregnant and have a baby. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death …

I saw nurses shoving and kicking children out of bed before washing them in ice-cold water. I saw a nurse grab the nearest baby, tie back its arms and then cram spoonful after spoonful of hot porridge down its throat.

My little Eleanor began to fade faster. ‘Mama, want home,’ she cried one evening, her little body covered with mysterious bruises.

On the last day of her life, when I picked her up to breast-feed her, she stared wide-eyed into the distance, clawing and biting at my breast, begging to be put down.

In the evening, when I came back with my little bundle of firewood, her cot was empty. I found her lying naked in the morgue among the corpses of the adult prisoners. She had spent one year and four months in this world and died on March 3, 1944.”

Daily Mail

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Maria Tchebotareva

“Trying to feed her four hungry children during the massive 1932-1933 famine, the peasant mother allegedly stole three pounds of rye from her former field—confiscated by the state as part of collectivization. Soviet authorities sentenced her to ten years in the Gulag. When her sentence expired in 1943, it was arbitrarily extended until the end of the war in 1945. After her release, she was required to live in exile near her Gulag camp north of the Arctic Circle, and she was not able to return home until 1956, after the death of Stalin. Maria Tchebotareva never found her children after her release.”

Living in the Gulag

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Children in a gulag nursery

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Starving children in Ukraine; conditions were not much better outside the gulag for many children

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Starving and ragged children during a famine in the USSR. The USSR had three major famines under communism. 

No visits by the Red Cross took place at the gulags.

The Auschwitz camp had a child care center where working mothers could leave their children.

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In the Auschwitz maternity ward, over 3,000 live births were registered, with not a single infant death recorded while Auschwitz was in operation under German rule:

Auschwitz-maternity-ward

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Nursery at Auschwitz

The women’s sections of camps had female guards:

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Jewish youth celebrating Hannukah in Westerbork Camp, and below that, a school class.

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A treatment room in a camp hospital

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Dental clinic fitted with all modern equipment

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Dentists treating inmates at a clinic

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Operating room at a camp

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A prisoner getting xrayed at Auschwitz

Visits by the Red Cross were routine

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Auschwitz was repeatedly visited by Red Cross inspection teams, who were allowed to speak to prisoner representatives alone in order to hear first-hand of any mistreatment, chicanery, interruption of mail and parcel delivery, health concerns, food and ration matters etc.

In a 1650-page report compiled by the International Red Cross, there was not a single mention of gas chambers.

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Children born in Dachau

camp complaints office

There was even a complaints office for inmates to submit their complaints.

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Children of the Gulag

In 1935 the introduction of Article 12 of the Criminal Code permitted children from the age of twelve to be sentenced as adults and interned in the Gulags. This law was used to round up the children of people who had earlier been arrested for political crimes, based on the belief that ‘an apple never falls far from the tree.’ (link)

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Soviet Union. “Children of the Gulag”. Identity photographs of arrested children – image taken from Catriona Kelly, Children’s World: Growing Up in Russia 1890-1991. (link)

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#livingconditions

Living conditions

Soviet gulag camp

German internment camp

How cold did it get in the gulags?

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Temperatures in the Vorkuta’s death camp could go as low as -40°F. This is equal to -40°C. A temperature of -40° is where Fahrenheit and Celsius are exactly equal.

Infamous gulags were in arctic or subarctic regions where temperatures could go as low as -71°C

The infamous gulag complexes were those at Kolyma, Norilsk, and Vorkuta, all in arctic or subarctic regions. (Wikipedia)

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The area along the Indigirka river was known as the Gulag inside the Gulag. In 1926, the Oimiakon village in this region registered the record low temperature of −71.2 °C (−96 °F). (Wikipedia)

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Siberian taiga* in the river valley near Verkhoyansk. The lowest temperature recorded there was −68°C (−90°F). (Wikipedia)

Clothing

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Typical winter overcoat worn by most of the Soviet population in the 1930s through 1950s. The coat is very similar to the type provided to Gulag prisoners.

Barracks

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A typical camp building in a gulag. Many were built from logs. 

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These camp houses would be scattered around the gulag

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Inside one of these draughty shacks. The walls would not keep out the cold in winter. 

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Gulag women living in overcrowded, poorly heated barracks. (Courtesy of the International Memorial Society.)

Camp hospital

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Death surrounds: Prisoners with severe malnutrition in a camp hospital, most were expected to die. How much bread they got depended on how much timber they had cut the day before – a tally that could be the difference between life and death

Siberian gulag

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A gulag camp in the taiga. Sub-zero temperatures occurred all winter-long. Some people said there was winter for 12 months of the year.

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Building in a gulag 

Improvised boot of a Polish prisoner shortly before he was released from a gulag camp

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Room in the barracks

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Mattresses would often consist of wood chips. 

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Hard uneven slats would form the base of the narrow bunk beds

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Beds in a gulag

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A dorm in a gulag

Bunk beds for prisoners at Perm-36. (Yuli Weeks/VOA)

The timbers that made the base were uneven and bumpy. There were big gaps between them. 

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Bed in a gulag; hard uneven boards with gaps in between the slats provided the narrow base for inmates to lie on. 

Temperatures in Krakow, Poland

(Poland was the location of Auschwitz, the biggest camp)

July is the hottest month in Krakow with an average temperature of 19°C (65°F) and the coldest is January at -3°C (28°F)

Auschwitz had a sauna

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Sauna building. Sauna where inmates enjoyed hot showers and haircuts and could leave their clothes for steam-cleaning to remove possible typhus-carrying-body-lice. 

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Workers waiting for inmates inside Sauna building (photo: 1943). 

Note the wooden benches around the walls where inmates could sit inside the sauna.

Swimming pool for inmates

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Swimming pool at Auschwitz

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The pool in the women’s camp of Ravensbrueck even had a diving platform. Theresienstadt also had a swimming pool.

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Swimming pool at Novaky concentration camp (Czechoslovakia)

Soccer pitch for inmates at Auschwitz

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There was a soccer field at Auschwitz

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Auschwitz soccer pitch

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The British POW team pose for this photo at Auschwitz. They even had proper uniforms. 

Inmates could take up the sport of fencing

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Auschwitz: Prisoners could practise fencing

Barracks were mostly brick

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Prisoners lived in brick barracks. 

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There were three-tier bunk beds. 

Barracks were heated with central heating

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The heating flue in the floor. At the ends were stoves. 

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The camp stove at the end that sent heat through the flue in the floor of the women’s quarters

After the rebuilding of the camp, each building had lavatories, usually on the ground floor, containing 22 toilets, urinals, and washbasins with trough-type drains and 42 spigots installed above them.
Each barrack had two stoves with a brick heating flue running between them. This heated the building in winter.
Aside from the beds, the furniture in each block included a dozen or more wooden wardrobes, several tables, and several score stools. Coal-fired tile stoves provided the heating.

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Washroom in the women’s quarters

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Toilets were flush toilets

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Library

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Auschwitz had a library where inmates could borrow books. 45,000 volumes were available. 

Brothel

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Brothel. This was installed to reward diligent prisoners. 

Theater

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Auschwitz had a theater building

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Beds in German concentration camp. The beds were wide and soft matresses were placed on the bases; also proper soft pillows were provided. 

#sauna

Sauna at Auschwitz

This sauna was in the Birkenau camp of the Auschwitz complex and was called the Central Sauna. The sauna’s main function was to sanitize the clothes of the inmates and remove body lice, in order to reduce the incidence of typhus. This was a work camp, not an extermination camp. If inmates were to be exterminated, there would be no need for disinfection and de-lousing.

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Central Sauna building at Birkenau (Auschwitz). Inmates used this sauna. 

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Another view of the Sauna Building at Auschwitz

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Workers waiting for inmates inside Sauna Building (photo: 1943). Link

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Sauna where inmates enjoyed hot showers and haircuts and could leave their
clothes for steam-cleaning to remove possible typhus-carrying-body-lice. (Photo 1985) Link

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Steam autoclaves inside the Sauna. After clothes were added and doors closed, steam
was introduced to kill body lice. Link (Photo: 1997) 

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Steam autoclaves for clothes in the sauna. The autoclaves had doors on both sides. 

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Hot air chamber for de-lousing the clothing at Birkenau. 

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The claim was later made that the peepholes were proof of the existence of an execution gas chamber. That this is not the case, was later admitted by J.C. Pressac. Porter, Carlos Whitlock

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Sign reads “Disinfection Wash” in English. Before their shower, the prisoners had to first be submerged into a tub of disinfectant to kill any germs or lice on their bodies.

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Sign reads “Showers” in English

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The shower room. The reflection is caused by a glass wall being installed by the museum people to preserve the original concrete floor. A railing was also added. 

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View of the interior of the sauna.

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#testimony

Auschwitz inmates give testimony

VIDEO: Auschwitz truthers speak up Youtube

Orchestras, plays, concerts

Camps had orchestras, plays, concert performances, even stages with proper stage curtains. There was a grand piano in the orchestra.

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Orchestras in camps

Tea gardens

Camp inmates picked tea which they grew in the camp to make tea for the whole camp.

Library, newspapers, movie theater

Inmates spent their spare time reading books from the library or newspapers. A violin quartet would come to play in the barracks. A movie theater was built in Auschwitz. Inmates had to pay for movie tickets. Usually they watched German movies.

Letters could be sent 

Twice a month in Buchenwald Camp, inmates could write home – once a month a postcard, once a month a letter. Inmates were given materials for this and they got stamps.

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Camps had their own post offices

Inmates could receive money from outside

Inmates received money from a Jewish community in Vienna. Currency was available. They could spend the money in the cantinas where they sold cigarettes and “weak” beer.

Inmates were paid in coupons

In one camp, after regular money stopped, inmates got paid in coupons that were redeemable in the cantina. Coupons were a way the camp could distribute money to inmates. Everyone got money.

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Camps had their own coupon system. These coupons could be used at the cantina. 

Soccer games on the weekend

On the weekend, a group got together and made a soccer team. Monowitz (Auschwitz) was “like a college library” according to one inmate. “Soccer teams were organized very well.” Soccer teams were organized according to nationalities.

Camps made their own soccer equipment

Equipment for the soccer games was made on the assembly line.

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Soccer games were played regularly; scoreboards show league scores. 

As Germany started losing the war toward the end of the war, more freedom was given to the inmates. At one point, an SS commandant wanted to play on the Polish soccer team, and a Polish captain wanted to play on the German team. This was in 1944.

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Video was made of soccer game and spectators; soccer field on the right

The pressure was let up as the war came to an end. The Auschwitz soccer field was right next to the so-called homicidal gas chambers. Building a soccer game there doesn’t make sense.

Food was short toward the end of the war; everyone in Germany suffered

Food didn’t improve much because the German people themselves didn’t have much themselves.

Painted murals in children’s quarters

One inmate related how she was asked by a camp commandant to paint a mural on the wall for the children’s barracks. She painted a meadow scene with sheep and cows, and she added Snow White and Seven Dwarfs. She was given tempura paints for that.

Plays for children

The children wrote a play that was a satire of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. She made backdrops for the play. SS staff appeared in the audience during the play and watched.

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Red Cross parcels were regularly received by inmates

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Life in a German labor camp

VIDEO: Jewish run death camps in USSR vs German labour facilities–extract  Youtube

#camplife

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Pictures of camp life

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Inmates swimming at Novaky concentration camp (Slovakia)

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Playing volleyball at Novaky camp

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Theater at Novaky

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Soccer score card. Soccer games were a regular part of camp life. 

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Sokoloma Cafe at Terezin camp

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Band at Novaky camp

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Labor camp at Vyhne

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Children playing at Terezin camp

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Maternity ward at Dachau

Mickey Mouse play at Novaky camp

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#jewishpop

Jewish population remained the same throughout the war

Some Worldwide Jewish Population Figures from the World Almanac and Book of Facts (New York World Telegram, New York)

1925, p. 752 15,630,000
1929, p. 727 15,630,000
 1933, p. 419  15,316,359
 1936, p. 748  15,753,633
 1938, p. 510  15,748,091
 1940, p. 129  15,319,359
 1942, p. 849  15,192,089
 1947, p. 748  15,690,000
 1949, p. 289  15,713,638

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Soviet gulags: 39 million killed says historian

RJ Rummel, author of “Death by Government”, estimates that 39 million died at the hands of the government under the gulag system.

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#howmanykilled

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Solzhenitsyn claims Soviets killed 66 million citizens

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#gulagdeaths

  1. Gulag deaths (39 million)
  2. Deportation deaths (4 million)
  3. Famine deaths (7-14 million)
  4. Red Terror deaths (8 million)

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Gulag deaths: 39 million deaths

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Even if the following figures are not accurate, there is consensus that the USSR labor camps were brutal, and that the living conditions in them were not compatible with life in many cases, and the total death toll, from overwork, exposure and generally hard conditions in the camps, was in the environs of at least 10 million.

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Frenkel’s “efficiency system”

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Naftaly Frenkel

Of all those who helped devise and perfect the slave labor system of the Gulag, special mention must be made of Naftaly Aronovich Frenkel. Frenkel, a Jew born in Turkey in 1883, had been a prosperous merchant there, but after the Bolshevik revolution he moved — as did an appreciable number of Jews — to the Soviet Union. Based in Odessa as an agent of the State Political Administration, Frenkel was responsible for the acquisition and confiscation of gold from the wealthier classes. The unscrupulous Frenkel was unable to resist this temptation, however, and in 1927 was arrested, on orders of the Moscow central office, for skimming off too much gold for himself. Convicted of economic crimes, he was sent to the Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp (or SLON, as it was designated by the Soviet bureaucracy), a bleak Arctic penal colony. Frenkel’s special talent for improving inmate work efficiency was quickly noticed by the camp officials there, and it was not long before he was ordered to explain his ideas and methods to Stalin personally. His main proposal was to link a prisoner’s food ration, especially hot food, to his production, essentially substituting hunger for the knout as the main work incentive. Frenkel had also observed that a prisoner’s most productive work is usually done in the first three months of his captivity, after which he or she was in so debilitated a state that the output of the inmate population could be kept high only by removing (killing off) the exhausted prisoners and replacing them with fresh inmates. Another method of stimulating enthusiasm for work among prisoners — and at the same time culling the camp population by killing off the weak — was quite simple. When the prisoners were called out on a work detail, they fell into line. The last man in to line up would be shot as a laggard (“dokhodyaga”), one weakened enough to be useless for work. These policies would ensure a constant inflow of new prisoners, providing fresh labor while weeding out opposition to Stalin and his party.

So pleased was Stalin with Frenkel’s ideas on the efficient exploitation of inmate labor that he made him construction chief of the White Sea Canal project, and later of the BAM railroad project. In 1937 Stalin appointed Frenkel head of the newly founded Main Administration of Railroad Construction Camps (GULZhDS). In that capacity, Frenkel was called upon to provide railroad transport facilities to the Red Army in the 1939-40 “Winter War” against Finland, and for the duration of Soviet participation in the Second World War. He was eventually awarded the Order of Lenin three times, named a Hero of Socialist Labor, and promoted to the rank of general in the NKVD.

The methods instituted by Frenkel in building the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal became the standard operating procedures for most subsequent labor camps, including the BAM (Baltic-Amur Magistral) railroad project, the Dalstroy (Far East Construction), Vorkuta, Kolyma, Magadan, and countless other hell holes. Working on the BAM project after the war, the inmates noted that many of the rails were marked “made in Canada” — a reminder of the aid given by the Western powers to support the Soviet war effort….

INSTITUTE FOR HISTORICAL REVIEW: The Gulag: Communism’s Penal Colonies Revisited – by Dan Michaels

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#deportations

Deportations: 4 million deaths

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Another cause of death was deportations. The trips themselves were fatal for many. No food or water was given to the deportees, even though the trip could last weeks. As a consequence, it was common for as many as two-fifths of the people being transported to die en route. Simply put, deportations were used as a killing method by the government. They would give sudden notices to unwanted ethnic groups to get ready to migrate, sometimes just giving them half an hour to pack. Then they would round up the people and pack them onto cattle trains, which were unsuitable for human transportation. Then without giving them any food or water, the deportees would be sent either to the freezing Siberian gulags or to the dry desert steppes of Uzbekistan, thousands of kilometers away, with trips lasting several weeks in some cases.

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Relatives of the unfortunates at one of the carriages. A KGB man prohibits the handing out of food, drinking water and warm clothing to those being banished. (Baigais Gads)

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In barred carriages, the unfortunates were forced to spend days and nights without food and water on their trip of thousands of kilometers. (Baigais Gads)

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Unfortunates having one last look at their native land through the bars of a window. Armed KGB guards providing security. (Baigais Gads)

On train stops at stations, the authorities would take down the dead from the trains and dispose of them at that place, sending the still alive on their journeys, leaving family members without any knowledge of what would happen to the bodies of their loved ones.

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A map showing the forced relocation of “unwanted” ethnic minorities in the Soviet Union. Common destinations were Uzbekistan and Siberia. (Diplomat)

Then they would arrive at their destinations. In the case of deportation to Uzbekistan, deportees would be dumped in the middle of nowhere and expected to survive on their own. By then, after more died in the days that followed after their arrival, only 3/5 of the original population would be alive in many instances.

Miraculously, these remaining people were able to survive and even many thrived under such hostile conditions, thanks to the local people who took these deportees into their homes and fed them, allowing them to get their bearings until they could establish homes of their own.

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#famines

Famines: 7–14 million deaths

There were three famines in Russia:

1) 1917-1918. 2) “Holodomor” 1932-33. 3) 1946-47.

Images below are from the Sun and show the first famine, in the 1920s.

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A starving woman fed her dead daughter to her surviving children to keep them alive in the Chelyabinsk province

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A malnourished nine-year-old girl pictured during the famine

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A couple sell body parts, including a human head and the corpse of a child, during the Russian famine

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Dead bodies are carried by cart through the city of Samara

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A child in a hospital bed screaming for food

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A child looks almost skeletal during the famine which claimed millions of lives

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A family try to huddle together for warmth as starvation takes hold

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Two small coffins being carried on stretchers to a cemetery in the Volga famine district of Bolshevist Russia

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A woman watches her partner slowly starving to death

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Women walk past people dying of starvation during the great Ukrainian famine of early 1930s.

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A victim of the famine pictured lying dead on the ground

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An emaciated boy pictured in 1933 during the Ukrainian famine

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A starving Chuvash family near their tent in Samara

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Three naked children pictured swelled stomachs

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A child dying of hunger in the Volga region

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A family suffering from severe hunger poses for the camera

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A family including two children lie dying in the street in 1922

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A starving little girl stands naked against a wall in 1921 at the height of the famine

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Three small children pictured cold and hungry during the devastating famine

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Ragged and barefoot, starving Russian families in the Volga region

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Children from famine stricken Chuvashia being given shoes upon arrival in Moscow during the Russian Civil War in 1921

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A family in the Volga region pose beside human remains

In the meantime, while there is saturation media coverage about the so-called Holocaust, the truth about one of the real Holocausts has been suppressed for decades. Holodomor (1932-1933) was a man-made famine-genocide in Ukraine under the Bolshevik communist government of the USSR.

Information about this event only came to light in the West after the Soviets released archives about it in the 1980s. Many reports say seven million Ukrainians died in this famine. (The true figure is hard to determine as the Soviet Union manipulated statistics to hide the disaster.) For more information, read this link and this link.

More about the Ukrainian famine, the “Holodomor”, below.

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#redterror

Red Terror: 8 million deaths

Then there were the acts of terrorism. These flared across the Soviet Union and occupied territories. These were orchestrated by the government at the top, especially by the Cheka, as the secret police were known. Other names for the secret police are the NKVD, KGB, OGPU.

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Lefortovo Prison, Moscow. Many people died under torture in NKVD detention centers

These were waves of terror involving revenge killings against White Russians who had surrendered, believing the promise from the USSR government they would not be harmed if they gave in peacefully.

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After the Germans occupied areas that the Soviets had been in control of (Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine), they often found bodies like this in the prisons of the Soviets. Many of them showed signs of torture: mutilation of the faces and the genital organs was common. The Soviets would cut off noses and ears, poke out eyes, and pull the intestines out of the mouths. The Soviets would perform wholesale slaughter of political prisoners before the fled ahead of the approach of the Germans. (Link)

Another part of the Red Terror was the partisan killings done by communist partisans. Not only did the “partisans” kill National Socialist military personnel but they also killed other people, such as any civilian who was believed to have sympathies with the Germans. These partisans worked as an underground terrorist group.

Often the killings involved torture and mutilation.

The Chekists were famous for the terror they waged on the populations of the nations they controlled.

 A female victim of Red Terror in Ukraine. Women were not spared the brutality. 

People in occupied nations whose jobs had been related to the army or the police were often summarily arrested and tortured to sign a confession. After that, Chekists would subject the victim to prolonged torture, involving sadistic acts such as poking out eyes, cutting off noses, tongues and ears, pulling out nails, breaking limbs, pulling out the intestines through the mouth, inserting objects in the vagina and anus, and mutilating the genital organs.

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This photograph from 1918 or 1919 shows victims of the Red Terror awaiting burial

Maxim Gorky, who at first, supported the communist revolution and was an intimate of some of the revolutionaries such as Lenin and Stalin and who even offered his place to serve as an office for them, later changed his stance on communism.

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Disembowelling before death was commonly practised by the Cheka

He relates that one torture that the Bolsheviks would do involved cutting a hole in a person’s abdomen, pulling out the intestine, and nailing the end to a tree, the person would be whipped or beaten to force him or her to run around the tree, so that the intestine would coil around the tree.

Arbitrary arrests were done to the civilian populace. The reasons for the arrests could be trifling, such as not having one’s identification paper with one stopped in the street. This could mean prolonged detention in a gulag.

In this way, the population was prevented from dissenting. Even though people knew what was going on, lest they become a victim, they kept quiet, such was the terror of those times.

In this way, through wielding terror, the population was kept obedient. Any nationalist movement or democratic movement were violently suppressed. Family members of nationalists and inhabitants of rebel towns would be sent to the gulag.

Even whole ethnicities were considered a threat or were simply “unwanted“. Many Mongolians, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Tatars, Koreans, and Chechens suffered the similar fate of purges, summary executions, expulsions to gulags in Siberia and forced migration to Uzbekistan. Whole ethnicities would be shipped out to desert areas like the steppes of Uzbekistan, without any notice. Ill-prepared for the journey, which would often take weeks, and not given any food or water on the trip, many people would perish on the trip. Many would die on arrival, too weakened by the hellish train trip.

The genocide of the Ukrainians came to be known to the world as the Holodomor. Ukraine had been for a long time a place where nationalist sentiment was strong.

Nationalism was considered one of the greatest enemies to the communists, and many nationalists were ruthlessly liquidated.

Even being suspected of being nationalist was enough to be accused of being the “Enemy of the People” and sent to a gulag or an NKVD detention center to be tortured to death by a sadistic Chekist.

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Bodies in a Cheka detention cener showing signs of torture (Link)

The gulags started to fill up. 500 gulags were built. 18 million people passed through the gulag system between 1929 and 1953. However, millions passed through the gulag system in Lenin’s time and after Stalin’s death, the gulag system persisted although the terror abated somewhat.

In the worst gulags, the death rate was enormous. One observer Lev Razgon notes that out of 270 Chinese that were taken prisoner when they crossed into Soviet territory and ended up in his gulag, only one prisoner was alive 3 months later.

The prisoners were deliberately sacrificed to improve the efficiency of labor. The prisoners were essentially treated as slaves. Since the influx of prisoners was ongoing and prisoner numbers were always high, a prisoner’s worth was very little, especially a prisoner past his working prime. A prisoner was felt to have passed his optimal working capacity after 3 months. In Naftaly Frenkel’s system, these prisoners were disposed of by the system, to make room for their newer and fresher replacements.

Communism became an economic system of exploitation where the Party treated the citizens as slaves and ruled the population with an iron fist.

Because of the widespread terror and the sophisticated spying mechanisms that the Soviet government developed, dissent to Soviet rule was difficult. Neighbors, workmates, even one’s own children could report one’s actions to the Cheka.

Chekists disguised themselves as ordinary people and mixed with them. Many people ended up in a torture cell not due to not realizing that they had confided in a Chekist.

The Cheka in Crimea

In this way, the abuses of the Soviet Government were concealed for many decades. It was only with the smuggling out of books by Solzhenitsyn and other dissidents, that happened after Stalin’s death that glimpses of the terror that the people had experienced under communism in the Soviet Union started to be revealed. After the fall of communism, and the opening of Soviet archives, more of the truth came out, such as information about the German internment camps and the Holodomor famine.

“Counterrevolutionary activities”

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Above is a document showing the sordid cynicism of Bolsheviks: a receipt about receiving people who had been sentenced to the death issued by a KGB official to the administration of a prison with the following text: “Have received sixty-two arrested people.” – As we can see, the names of the people were not important, only the number. 

Here is the basis for the death penalties of Latvians shot because of counterrevolutionary activities:

“Sang Latvian folk songs.”
“Did not sing The Internationale on May 1st.”
“Was a descendant of wealthy farmers.”
“Was utilizing the labor force of others.”
“Hid in the forest.”
“During an air raid was in a cemetery.”
“Was a member of a corporation.”
“Was a member of the Mazpulki organization.”
“Was a National Guardsman.”
“Was a policeman.”
“Had been awarded the Lacplesis Order.”
“Fought in the Latvian Army against Bolshevism.”
“Was disposed to anti-Bolshevism.”
“Ignored Red Army soldiers.”
“Had defamed the Bolshevik Party.”
“Was an adjutant of the State President of Latvia.”
“Raised hostility against other nations.”

From: latvietis.lv

The history of the USSR is littered with massacre after massacre, gentile “pogrom” after “pogrom”.

The period of rule by the Bolshevik communists was as if the government wanted to unload feelings of unrequited revenge and resentment against the people.

Where the people were organized, successful, prosperous, well-educated, harmonious and peaceful, these areas posed the greatest threat to the government. These pockets became the target of the government’s vengeful hatred. Just being of the wrong ethnicity marked you as a target. Simply having close ties with one’s ethnic group aroused anger and suspicion. Patriotism to one’s own nation or a record of performing patriotic duties was also a red flag to the terror government. What was the source of the vengeful feelings?

Why was there so much hatred in these people, as expressed through the ripping, the tearing, the breaking of the physical body? It’s as if the physical destruction of these people physically could not satisfy the government’s hatred. The aim was the spiritual conquest through spiritual destruction of the people, something which cannot be achieved through physical means.

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#bookredterror

Book: “Red Terror In Russia 1918-1923”

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This can be read here at ArchiveOrg.  Text form is here. Pdf can be downloaded from here .

It is by a Russian historian, S. P. Melgunov, who lived through the Red Terror. Photos from the book are below.

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#deathbygovernment

Death by Government

Red Terror:        8,298,000

Deportations:    4,349,000

Famine:              7,833,000

Gulags:               39,464,000

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TOTAL:             62 million*

*rounded figure used

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The Soviet Union

[Russia 1917-1991]
Mode of Government: Communist Socialism

Civil War (1917)
3,284,000 (estimated total)
Terror: 750,000
Concentration camps: 34,000
Forced famine: 2,500,000

New economic policy (1923)
2,200,000 (estimated total)

Collectivization (1929)
11,440,000 (estimated total)
Terror: 1,733,000
Deportation Deaths: 1,400,000
Concentration Camps: 3,306,000
Forced Famine: 5,000,000

The Great Terror (1936)
4,345,000 (estimated total)
Terror: 1,000,000
Deportation Deaths: 65,000
Concentration Camps: 3,280,000

Pre-WWII (1939)
5,104,000 (estimated total)
Terror: 1,932,000
Deportation Deaths: 283,000
Concentration Camps: 2,889,000

WWII (1941)
13,053,000 (estimated total)
Terror: 1,257,000
Deportation Deaths: 1,400,000
Concentration Camps: 10,761,000

Post-WWII (1946)
15,613,000 (estimated total)
Terror: 1,376,000
Deportation Deaths: 1,557,000
Concentration Camps: 12,348,000

Post-Stalin (1954)
6,872,000
Terror: 250,000
Deportation Deaths: 8,000
Concentration Camps: 6,613,000

Acts of Terrorism: 8,289,000
Death from Deportation: 4,349,000
Forced Famine: 7,833,000
Concentration Camps (Gulags): 39,464,000

Total Killed: 62 million people (est.)

Source: RJ Rummel’s “Death by Government”

http://www.namyth.com

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“History is written by the victors”

Author of “Death by Government” Rummel says that 39 million died in the gulag system, but there is scant mention of this in public discourse. In many public schools in the West, the so-called Holocaust myth, about six million Jews being gassed in camp showers, is taught to school children. The media is saturated with the so-called Holocaust, but few people are familiar with the Holodomor famine, the two other famines which affected the USSR, the Red Terror and the Cheka, and the true horrors of the gulag system.

Frenkel’s special talent for improving inmate work efficiency was quickly noticed by the camp officials there, and it was not long before he was ordered to explain his ideas and methods to Stalin personally. His main proposal was to link a prisoner’s food ration, especially hot food, to his production, essentially substituting hunger for the knout as the main work incentive. Frenkel had also observed that a prisoner’s most productive work is usually done in the first three months of his captivity, after which he or she was in so debilitated a state that the output of the inmate population could be kept high only by removing (killing off) the exhausted prisoners and replacing them with fresh inmates. Another method of stimulating enthusiasm for work among prisoners — and at the same time culling the camp population by killing off the weak — was quite simple. When the prisoners were called out on a work detail, they fell into line. The last man in to line up would be shot as a laggard (“dokhodyaga”), one weakened enough to be useless for work. These policies would ensure a constant inflow of new prisoners, providing fresh labor while weeding out opposition to Stalin and his party. 

Read more: ihr.org

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Further reading

  • Drawings from the Gulag link and link
  • Institute for Historical Review link
  • Gulag: Soviet Forced Labor Camps link
  • DailyMail: Eyewitness accounts of survivors link
  • Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s “Gulag Archipelago” link
  • Holodomorinfo.com link

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#genocides

Genocides, massacres and purges committed by the Bolshevik Government

This list below is just a partial one. There are many other massacres. The Latvian Red Terror is a useful source of information about the tactics used by the Cheka. Because the Germans occupied Latvia after the Soviets left, a photographic record could be made and the atrocities were able to be documented. The photographs are very useful evidence of the nature of the Cheka and how the Soviet Government operated.

In the same way as the Latvian atrocities, the Nemmersdorf and Metgethen Massacres provide useful information about the nature of the Soviet Government. Like Latvia, it, too, was occupied for a short time by the Germans after the Soviets abruptly departed at news of the Germans’ approach, and therefore, the atrocities done by the Soviets, particularly the NKVD, were able to be documented, including the taking of photographs, even though this could be done for only a small window of time.

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Lviv Massacre, in Ukraine

Without the photographic evidence, the people who had witnessed the atrocities and massacres may not have been believed, and the incidents could have been completely buried by the mainstream media.

Therefore, the photographs of the tortured bodies and the raped and murdered women are valuable testimony. They match with the eyewitnesses’ verbal and written accounts of the brutalities committed and the criminal nature of the government of the USSR. They also match with the drawings of artist and ethnographer Danzig Baldaev (author of Drawings from the Gulag), whose own parents were victims of the Bolshevik communists’ purges.

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#listofmassacres

List of massacres by Bolshevik government of the USSR

Below is a partial list of the massacres committed by the Bolshevik government. In the media, there is little information about these massacres, in contrast to the saturation coverage of  the so-called Holocaust. But the information about the massacres done by the Bolsheviks is usually supported by good documentation, such as photographs.

  • Latvian occupation 1940-1941 (main link, link1, link2, link3)
  • Famine 1921-1922 (link)
  • Holodomor 1932-1933 (link)
  • Famine 1946-1947 (link)
  • Tambov Massacre (link)
  • Nazino Gulag – “Cannibal Island” (link)
  • Red Terror in Crimea, Ukraine from 1920-1921 (120,000 White Russian officers and soldiers were massacred) (linklink)
  • Nemmersdorf massacre (East Prussia, now Kaliningrad) (link)
  • Metgethen massacres (East Prussia, now Kaliningrad) (link)
  • Rape of Berlin (link)
  • Rape of Dresden (link)
  • Katyn Massacre (link)
  • Forced march of German ethnics (link)
  • Occupation of Lithuania (link)
  • Forced transportation to Uzbekistan of unwanted ethnics (link)
  • Killing by forced transportation (link1, link2)
  • Purges of Mongolian nationalists (link)
  • NKVD massacre of prisoners in Latvia, Ukraine Soviet Socialist Republic, Bessarabia, Belorussia Soviet Socialist Republic, Poland. This includes the Lviv Massacre. (link)
  • Massacres of Cossacks at Lienz (link), massacre of Russian POWs, German POWs (link)

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#tambov

Tambov Massacre 

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This massacre happened in a province called Tambov in Ukraine around 1920-1921. It started with the inhabitants rebelling against the Bolshevik government. Dissatisfaction with the government grew due to the government’s seizure of crops and their deliberate provocation of the peasants. The cause of the rebellion is described below.

“The Bolshevik methodology was implemented quickly, and the seizure of grain had been introduced by the summer of 1918. Jewish Bolsheviks seized livestock, crops, grain, and farm implements, imposed heavy taxation and grain seizure to starvation level to instigate native resistance, providing a ‘plausible excuse’ for the Bolshevik authorities to use force against the population (beatings, torture, and rape.) Thus, confiscated grain by the cartload was deliberately left to rot in the open air to infuriate the civilians and incite violent resistance. The psychology worked perfectly and resistance broke out almost immediately. The largest, most organized, and therefore, the longest-lasting resistance, was in Tambov.”  

Holodomorinfo.com

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Tambov is in Ukraine

The rebellion was brutally put down.

Order No. 171, dated 11th June 1921, and signed by Vladimir Ovseenko, shows clearly the sorts of methods used to “pacify” Tambov Province. It stipulated:

  1. Shoot on sight any citizens who refuse to give their names.
  2. District and Regional Political Commissions are hereby authorized to pronounce sentence on any village where arms are being hidden, and to arrest hostages and shoot them if the whereabouts of the arms are not revealed.
  3. Wherever arms are found, execute immediately the eldest son in the family.
  4. Any family that has harboured a bandit is to be arrested and deported from the province, their possessions are to be seized, and the eldest son is to be executed immediately.
  5. Any families sheltering other families who have harboured bandits are to be punished in the same manner, and their eldest son is to be shot.
  6. In the event that bandit families have fled, their possessions are to be redistributed among peasants who are loyal to the Soviet (Bolshevik) regime, and their houses are to be burned or demolished.
  7. These orders are to be carried out rigorously and without mercy.

In village after village the women and elderly were tortured and savagely beaten, the women raped then along with the children removed to concentration camps.

Read more: Tambov Massacre

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#katyn

Katyn Forest Massacre

This massacre of 15,000 to 22,000 Polish officers, dignitaries, intellectuals and other community leaders was blamed on Nazi Germany by the Allied powers at the time of its discovery. It was only revealed to be the work of the Soviets in the 1990s when the Soviet government launched an enquiry into the massacre.

This massacre was used to whip up war-fever against the Germans among Americans at the time. All along, the Germans had correctly reported it as the work of the Soviets. Six Germans were hung for the crime after the Nazis were erroneously found guilty during the Nuremberg Trials.

It is believed that the Bolshevik Government preemptively executed the officers to prevent them from joining with the Germans later on in the war.

Read more: link

katyn-controversy

Pit of  bodies

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Heads of murdered Polish officers laying in layers, showing a structure of the grave.

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Tied up hands of one of the murdered Polish officers.

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A German soldier surveys the exhumed corpses

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Germans exhuming the bodies of murdered Polish 

Two of the men (Nikolai Ivanovitch Lomakin and Nikolay Nilovich Burdenko), who signed the official Soviet report (USSR-008) accusing Germans of crimes at Auschwitz also signed the report blaming the Germans for the Katyn massacre (USSR-54).

liars auschwitz katyn

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#lviv #prisonmassacres

Lviv Massacre and other prison massacres by Soviet Bolsheviks

Prison massacres by the NKVD

Date: June 1941 – November 1941
Location: Occupied Poland, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR, the Baltic states, Bessarabia
Type: Extrajudicial killings
Participants: NKVD and NKGB (united 20 July 1941)
Deaths: In excess of 100,000

Victims of Soviet NKVD in Lviv, June 1941. [Lviv is a city in Ukraine. The Lviv Massacre is one of the most famous massacres done by the Soviets during WWII.]

This was a common type of massacre committed by the Soviets. When they were about to leave a territory they were occupying, forced to vacate the area because Germans were about to enter it, the Soviets would murder the prisoners in the prison, most often in a brutal fashion.

“From the courtyard, doors led to a large space, filled from top to bottom with corpses. The bottom ones were still warm. The victims were between 15 and 60 years old, but most were 20-35 years old. They laid in various poses, with open eyes and masks of terror on their faces. Among them were many women. On the left wall, three men were crucified, barely covered by clothing from their shoulders, with severed male organs. Underneath them on the floor in half-sitting, leaning positions – two nuns with those organs in their mouths. The victims of the NKVD’s sadism were killed with a shot in the mouth or the back of the head. But most were stabbed in the stomach with a bayonet. Some were naked or almost naked, others in decent street clothes. One man was in a tie, mostly likely just arrested.”

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Russland, Identifizierung ermordeter Volksdeutscher

The NKVD prisoner massacres were a series of mass executions carried out by the Soviet NKVD secret police during World War II against political prisoners across Eastern Europe, primarily Poland, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Bessarabia and other parts of the Soviet Union from which the Red Army was retreating following the Nazi German attack on the Soviet positions in occupied Poland, known as Operation Barbarossa.[1]

Estimates of the death toll vary between locations; nearly 9,000 in the Ukrainian SSR,[2] 20,000–30,000 in eastern Poland (now part of Western Ukraine),[1] with the total number reaching approximately 100,000 victims of extrajudicial executions in the span of a few weeks.[3] …

The massacres

The NKVD and the Red Army killed prisoners in many places from Poland to Crimea.[7] Immediately after the start of the German invasion, the NKVD commenced the execution of large numbers of prisoners in most of their prisons, and the evacuation of the remainder in death marches.[8][9] Most of them were political prisoners, imprisoned and executed without a trial. The massacres were later documented by the occupying German authorities …

Estonia

Tartu: on July 9, 1941, almost 250 detainees were shot in Tartu prison and the Gray House courtyard; their bodies were dumped in makeshift graves and in the prison well.[13]

Lithuania

Vilnius (Wilno in pre-war Poland): after the German invasion, the NKVD murdered a large number of prisoners of the infamous Lukiškės Prison.[14]
Rainiai near Telšiai: up to 79 political prisoners were killed in what is called the Rainiai massacre, on June 24 and the following day.
Pravieniškės prison, near Kaunas: in June 1941, the NKVD murdered 260 political prisoners and all Lithuanian working personnel in the prison.
• Lithuanian prisoners were evacuated to Belarus and part of them murdered, e.g. nearChervyen’ (Červenės žudynės) and Bigosovo.

Poland

(See also: Katyn massacre)

…  It is estimated that out of 13 million people living in eastern Poland, roughly half a million were jailed, and more than 90% of them were men. Thus approximately 10% of adult males were imprisoned at the time of the German offensive.[8] Many died in prisons from torture or neglect.[8] Methods of torture included scalding victims in boiling water and cutting off ears, noses and fingers.[15] Timothy Snyder estimates that the NKVD shot some 9,817 imprisoned Polish citizens following the German invasion of the USSR in 1941.[16]

• NKVD massacre sites in pre-war Poland are now in Lithuania (see above), Belarus and Ukraine (see below).

Belarus

Hrodna (Grodno in pre-war Poland): on June 22, 1941, the NKVD executed several dozen people at the local prison. The mass execution of the remaining 1,700 prisoners was not possible due to the advance of the German army and hurried retreat of the NKVD executioners.[17]
Hlybokaye (Berezwecz in pre-war Poland), near Vitebsk:[9] on June 24, the NKVD executed approximately 800 prisoners, most of them Polish citizens. Several thousands more perished during a death march to Nikolaevo near Ulla.[18]
Chervyen’ near Minsk: in late June, the NKVD started the evacuation of all prisons in Minsk. Between June 24 and June 27, several thousand people were killed in Cherven and during the death marches.[19]
Vileyka (Wilejka in pre-war Poland): several dozen people, mostly political prisoners, sick, and wounded, were executed prior to the departure of the Soviet guards on June 24, 1941.[20]

Ukraine

Berezhany (Brzeżany in pre-war Poland) near Ternopil (Tarnopol): between June 22 and July 1 the crew of the local NKVD prison executed approximately 300 Polish citizens, among them a large number of Ukrainians.[17]
Dubno (in pre-war Poland): All the prisoners in Dubno’s three-story prison, including women and children, were executed.[3]
Ivano-Frankivsk (Stanisławów in pre-war Poland): Over 500 Polish prisoners (including 150 women with dozens of children) were shot by the NKVD and buried in several mass graves at Dem’ianiv Laz.
Lutsk (Łuck in pre-war Poland): After the prison was hit by German bombs, the Soviet authorities promised amnesty to all political prisoners, in order to prevent escapes. As they lined up outside they were machine-gunned by Soviet tanks. They were told: “Those still alive get up.” Some 370 stood up and were forced to bury the dead, after which they were murdered as well. The Nazi foreign ministry claimed 1500 Ukrainians were killed while the SS and Nazi military intelligence claimed 4000.[2]
Lviv (Lwów in pre-war Poland): the massacres in this city began immediately after German attack, on June 22 and continued until June 28, culminating in the Lviv pogroms. The NKVD executed several thousand inmates in a number of provisional prisons. Among the common methods of extermination were shooting the prisoners in their cells, killing them with grenades thrown into the cells or starving them to death in the cellars. Some were simply bayoneted to death.[3] It is estimated that over 4,000 people were murdered that way, while the number of survivors is estimated at approximately 270.[17] A Ukrainian uprising briefly forced the NKVD to retreat, but it soon returned to kill the remaining prisoners in their cells.[21] In the aftermath, medical students described the scene at one of the prisons: “From the courtyard, doors led to a large space, filled from top to bottom with corpses. The bottom ones were still warm. The victims were between 15 and 60 years old, but most were 20-35 years old. They laid in various poses, with open eyes and masks of terror on their faces. Among them were many women. On the left wall, three men were crucified, barely covered by clothing from their shoulders, with severed male organs. Underneath them on the floor in half-sitting, leaning positions – two nuns with those organs in their mouths. The victims of the NKVD’s sadism were killed with a shot in the mouth or the back of the head. But most were stabbed in the stomach with a bayonet. Some were naked or almost naked, others in decent street clothes. One man was in a tie, mostly likely just arrested.”[22]

From Wikipedia: NKVD prison massacres

Read more: NKVD prison massacres

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#cossacks

Massacre of Soviet citizens after forced repatriation to the USSR

Excerpts are taken from this site: Gulag – Betrayal by the USA

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Image of Russian prisoners in Plattling, Germany, 1946. Plattling Camp repatriation footage at criticalpast.com, HERE.

This was the result of forced repatriations of Cossacks from German-occupied lands after the Allied forces won a victory over the Germans. Stalin was highly paranoid that anyone who came from German-occupied lands had collaborated with the Germans. He had good reasons to be suspicious. About an estimated 1 million Russian soldiers defected to the German side so that they could get rid of the Bolshevik government. Rumors were rampant that people who returned to the Soviet Union from these places faced treason trials, mass lynchings, labor camps, and executions.

On June 1st, 1945 in Lienz, Austria, some 29,000 Cossack men, women and children being held prisoner by the British military were to be transferred into Soviet custody. Each of these people knew this transfer would likely result in their deaths. These Cossacks endured over 20 years of brutality, starvation and murder under the Soviet régime. These actions led these people to become traitors to their government and align themselves with the Axis powers in the hopes of defeating the Soviets

The following story is about how the British and Allied Forces betrayed the Cossacks and forcibly repatriated them back to the USSR where many thousands met with massacre.

The book Victims of Yalta: The Secret Betrayal of the Allies: 1944-1947 by Nikolai Tolstoy (link) describes what happened to the 2 million Soviet citizens (1 million Russian POWs and 1.3 million Russian civilians) who were in Western Europe at the end of the war. One reviewer (GoodReads) writes:

“Written in 1977, this is an account of the forced repatriation of Soviet citizens who had been Nazi slave laborers, prisoners of war, or even pre-WW II emigres to Western Europe. The British were the most guilty, but the U.S. also participated to some extent. Almost all those returned were executed or sent to the Gulag for many years.”

Another reviewer (at Amazon) writes:

“Victims of Yalta” by Nikolai Tolstoy tells the story of over three million Russians stranded in Allied-controlled territory at the end of World War II. Some of these Russians were prisoners of war (POWs), while others were anti-Communist fighters who had fought on the side of Germany. In a secret agreement later confirmed by Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin at Yalta, these Russian soldiers were condemned to be sent back without choice to the USSR. Knowing that torture and death lay ahead of them, many of these Russians chose to end their own lives before returning to the Soviet Union.

Soviet prisoners at German camps who were to be repatriated to the Soviet Union after the war often begged to be shot on the spot rather than be delivered into the hands of the Soviet NKVD. Other Soviet prisoners at German camps committed suicide so as not to be tortured and executed by the Soviets. A shock force of 500 American and Polish guards was required at Dachau to forcibly repatriate the first group of Soviet prisoners to the Soviet Union. What followed is described on page 355 of Tolstoy’s book in a report submitted to Robert Murphy:

Conforming to agreements with the Soviets, an attempt was made to entrain 399 former Russian soldiers who had been captured in German uniform, from the assembly center at Dachau on Saturday, January 19 [1946].
All of these men refused to entrain. They begged to be shot. They resisted entrainment by taking off their clothing and refusing to leave their quarters. It was necessary to use tear-gas and some force to drive them out. Tear-gas forced them out of the building into the snow where those who had cut and stabbed themselves fell exhausted and bleeding in the snow. Nine men hanged themselves and one had stabbed himself to death and one other who had stabbed himself subsequently died; while 20 others are still in the hospital from self-inflicted wounds. The entrainment was finally effected of 368 men who were set off accompanied by a Russian liaison officer on a train carrying American guards. Six men escaped en route.

The report ended: “The incident was shocking. There is considerable dissatisfaction on the part of the American officers and men that they are being required by the American Government to repatriate these Russians…” Thus, for most Soviet POWs, being shot in a German concentration camp was far preferable to being tortured and executed on their return to the Soviet Union.

“Victims of Yalta” also explains on pages 33-35 that Stalin abandoned all Soviet POWs during the war. The Soviet Union was not a party to The Hague Conventions. Nor was the Soviet Union a signatory of the Geneva Convention of 1929, which defined more precisely the conditions to be accorded POWs. Germany nevertheless approached the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) immediately after war broke out with the Soviet Union to attempt to regulate the conditions of prisoners on both sides. The ICRC contacted Soviet ambassadors in London and Sweden, but the Soviet leaders in Moscow refused to cooperate. Germany also sent lists of their Russian prisoners to the Soviet government until September 1941. The German government eventually stopped sending these lists in response to the Soviet Union’s refusal to reciprocate.

Over the winter Germany made further efforts to establish relations with the Soviets in an attempt to introduce the provisions of The Hague and Geneva Conventions concerning POWs. Germany was rebuffed again. Hitler himself made an appeal to Stalin for prisoners’ postal services and urged Red Cross inspection of the camps. Stalin responded: “There are no Russian prisoners of war. The Russian soldier fights on till death. If he chooses to become a prisoner, he is automatically excluded from the Russian community. We are not interested in a postal service only for Germans.”

The death of millions of Russian POWs in German captivity constitutes one of the major tragedies of the Second World War. However, much of the blame for the terrible fate of these Soviet soldiers was due to the inflexibly cruel policies of Joseph Stalin. A major portion of the Soviet POWs who died from hunger could have been saved had Stalin not called them traitors and denied them the right to live. By preventing the ICRC from distributing food to the Soviet POWs in German captivity, Stalin needlessly caused the death of a large percentage of these Soviet POWs.

A Red Army sergeant who was captured by the Germans when his unconscious body was dug out from the ruins of Odessa later joined Gen. Andrei Vlasov’s Russian Liberation Army. The sergeant bitterly complains on page 41 of the Soviet Union’s betrayal of its POWs:

Tell me, why did the Soviet Government forsake us? Why did it forsake millions of prisoners? We saw prisoners of all nationalities, and they were taken care of. Through the Red Cross they received parcels and letters from home; only the Russians received nothing. In Kassel I saw American Negro prisoners, and they shared their cakes and chocolates with us. Then why didn’t the Soviet Government, which we considered our own, send us at least some plain hard tack?… Hadn’t we fought? Hadn’t we defended the Government? Hadn’t we fought for our country? If Stalin refused to have anything to do with us, we didn’t want to have anything to do with Stalin!

Tolstoy in “Victims of Yalta” produces strong arguments that the repatriation of Soviet POWs was not necessary. Tolstoy states on page 410, “So strong was the European tradition of granting political asylum that no nation before 1939 appears even to have contemplated compelling the return home of citizens whose lives or liberty might be endangered.” Tragically, however, British and American leaders forced repatriation of Soviet POWs in order to maintain good relations with Stalin and the Soviet Union. The repatriation of the Soviet POWs can be seen as a policy of appeasement that at the time was thought to be in the best interests of the United States and Great Britain.

I recommend “Victims of Yalta” to anyone interested in the history of World War II and its aftermath. The story is tragic and disturbing, but historically important and frequently unreported by historians.

Read more: Gulag – Betrayal by the USA

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Demonstration held by Ukrainians against repatriation

Video: Russian prisoners are taken to train from camp in Plattling Germany for their return to Russia soon after World War II

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A still from the video

DailymotionCritical Past

Location: Plattling Germany
Date: 1946, February 24

Camp for Russian prisoners in Plattling, Germany soon after World War II. Russian prisoners being placed in line by a U.S. soldiers. Prisoners walk along a field and being lined up. Prisoners carry their meager possessions. Line of U.S. trucks. Russian and U.S. soldiers on guard. Line of Russian prisoners being marched to trucks for return to Russia. Prisoners getting into a truck guarded by rifle carrying U.S. soldiers. Truck pulls off. Trucks drive up to a train. Prisoners being searched for knives or weapons of any kind. Historical record accompanying the footage indicates that these Russian prisoners were former Russian soldiers, captured by the Germans, and that some of them then joined and fought for Germany.

Critical Past

Cossacks were betrayed by the British and Americans and sent to their death

This novel is about the Cossacks who were forcibly repatriated to the Soviet Union at war’s end.

Appeasing Stalin: Forced Repatriation After WWII

The True Yet Unknown Tragedy in Lost Kin: A Novel

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Betrayal of the Cossacks at Lienz, 1945. Artist: S.G. Koroloff (faz.net)

… Roughly 50,000 Cossacks had ended up in Austria in May 1945, some of them tribes that had fought against the Soviets with the Germans and, with their families, retreated westward as the Third Reich collapsed. ….

From: medium.com (link or link)

It seems the Russian POWs preferred to stay with the Germans than be repatriated to Russia. This is more evidence the German concentration camps were not places of cruelty. Many Russians chose to follow their German captors when the Germans decided to move west ahead of the Soviet forces that were advancing into Western Europe after the defeat of the Germans in WWII rather than wait for their “liberators”.

The Russians probably guessed that if they were returned to the USSR, they would be taken into custody by the NKVD, interrogated and tortured cruelly and die in the prisons. If not, they would be sent to the labor camps from where few returned alive.

Video: 800,000 Russians were fighting on the German side during WW2. English.

Youtube

Read more: Gulag – Betrayal by the USA  and  Betrayal of the Cossacks

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#lithuania

Massacre of Lithuanians during the Soviet occupation

This occupation is like the Soviet occupation of Latvia (see below). Generally, the pattern is the same: the Soviets come in, promise fair elections and just treatment of the people, but instead, they terrorize the population, using the secret police (Cheka, KGB, NKVD), and many brutalities follow. This was repeated across in the territories that they occupied. In addition, these actions were much the same as what was going in Russia.

In Lithuania’s case, “death by deportation” was the main form of extermination. It is said that one-third of the population suffered from the actions of the Soviets during their occupation of this Baltic nation. The people, if they survived the deportation, ended up in Soviet gulags to provide slave labor for the Bolshevik government.

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The tragic story of how one third of Lithuania’s population became victims of Soviet terror

“In the trains’ cattle cars the passengers were hardly given any food except from a little water and some inedible soup. There was scarcely any air to breathe as everyone was jammed together and the cars had only a few small windows covered with bars. A hole in the floor served as a toilet. Some of the people, especially the infants became sick immediately and died. The bodies of those who died on the journey were left on the side of the tracks.”

The string of tragedies began in August 1939, when Hitler and Stalin concluded a cynical agreement that divided up Central Europe between the two totalitarian countries. According to the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, Lithuania was to fall into the Soviet zone of influence.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, Lithuania was occupied three times: first by the USSR in 1940, then by Nazi Germany in 1941, and finally by the USSR again in 1944.

Pre-war Lithuania’s position of neutrality on the eve of WWII did not protect the country from its sad fate. According to Lithuanian state institutions, the damage caused by the USSR‘s occupation to the Republic of Lithuania in financial terms is $278 billion … Lithuania lost 1 million people to deportations, executions, incarceration, the murder of the political opposition and forced emigration.

The total number of persons registered as “anti-Soviet elements” reached 320,000 entries. There were teachers and professors, school and college students, farmers, industry workers and craftsmen among them.

June 14-18, 1941 were the dark days of the first massive arrest and deportation of the Lithuanian population. A cargo of 16,246 people were crammed into cattle cars. Moscow’s instruction required separate men from their families. So, 3,915 men were separated and transported to concentration camps in the Krasnoyarsk territory while 12,331 women, children and elderly people were transported to the Altai Mountains territory, the Komi republic and to the Tomsk region.

Forty percent these deportees were children below 16 years old. More than half of the deported died quickly. Pregnant women and babies born in the cattle cars were the first victims – they died in the trains. The deportation process was interrupted by the German-Soviet war.

The Soviets resumed mass deportations to Siberia and other eastern regions of the USSR after recapturing Lithuania from Nazi Germany in 1944. The partisan anti-Soviet war for democratic and independent Lithuania began in 1944. Some 22,000 Lithuanian partisans lost their lives in unequal war against the Soviet regular army and NKVD units. From 1949 the armed resistance started to wane. This guerilla war continued until 1953. The last resistance fighter refused to surrender and shot himself in 1965.

Partisans, their supporters and non-armed opposition made up a big group among those who were deported in 1945 – 1947. Another big group of deportees was those who tried to escape service in the Red Army. Ethnic Germans and members of their families, who did not leave Lithuania, were deported as well.

The situation changed in 1948. The most extensive deportation from Lithuania was held on May 22 and 23, 1948. Over these two days 12,100 families, numbering over 41,000 people, were seized from their homes and exiled. In 1948, 50 percent of deportees were accused not of their relations with the armed guerillas. Their official guilt was their social class – they were owners of private farms. In 1949, already two-thirds of the deportees belonged to this category while in 1951 they absolutely dominated the Soviet secret police‘s statistics.

Such change was due to the collectivization campaign in the Lithuania’s countryside. In 1948, the Soviets started to implement mass collectivization, appropriating land and livestock. This resulted in establishment of kolkhozes. In 1950, some 90 percent of land was given to kolkhozes. Mass deportations continued until the death of Josef Stalin in 1953.

How did the typical deportation look? The NKVD broke into an apartment or house and arrested all the family members. The NKVD marched them onto the back of a truck. In the railway station as far as the eye could see there were men and women clutching suitcases and bundles of hastily gathered clothing, the elderly and the disabled searching for places to sit and mothers holding their children, all surrounded by Red Army soldiers brandishing weapons.

Usually, the men were put on separate trains. They usually were transported to prisons and the Gulags (concentration camps) while females, kids and the elderly were deported to live in God-forsaken settlements in Siberia.

In the cattle cars the passengers were given hardly any food except a little water and some inedible soup. There was scarcely any air to breathe as everyone was jammed together and the cars had only a few small windows covered with bars. A hole in the floor served as a toilet. Some of the people, especially the infants became sick immediately and died. The bodies of those who died on the journey were left on the side of the tracks …”

vilnews.com

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Read more here: Lithuania Massacre by the Soviets

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#bolsheviksingov #jewsingovernment #bolshevikparty

Jews and Bolshevism – 80% of the Party were Jews

politburo-1917-bdr

The Bolshevik Party, the first government of the Soviet Union, consisted of the following:
Adapted from heretical.com. Jewish nationality has been added to a couple of people in the list.

CENTRAL COMMITTEE AND THE COUNCIL OF THE PEOPLE’S COMMISSARS CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE EXTRAORDINARY COMMISSION OF MOSCOW

Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party was made up as follows:

NAME NATIONALITY
Bronstein (Trotsky) (Jew)
Apfelbaum (Zinovief) (Jew)
Lourie (Larine) (Jew)
Ouritski (Jew)
Volodarski (Jew)
Rosenfeldt (Kamanef) (Jew)
Smidovitch (Jew)
Sverdlof (Yankel) (Jew)
Nakhamkes (Steklof) (Jew)
Ulyanov (Lenin) (Russian) (Jew)*
Krylenko (Russian)
Lounatcharski (Russian)

________________
The Council of the People’s Commissars comprises the following:

MINISTRY NAME NATIONALITY
President Ulyanov (Lenin) (Russian) (Jew)*
Foreign Affairs Tchitcherine (Russian)
Nationalities Djugashvili (Stalin) (Georgian)
Agriculture Protian (Armenian)
Economic Council Lourie (Larine) (Jew)
Food Schlichter (Jew)
Army & Navy Bronstein (Trotsky) (Jew)
State Control Lander (Jew)
State Lands Kauffman (Jew)
Works V. Schmidt (Jew)
Social Relief E. Lelina (Knigissen) (Jewess)
Public Instruction Lounatcharsky (Russian)
Religions Spitzberg (Jew)
Interior Apfelbaum (Zinovief) (Jew)
Hygiene Anvelt (Jew)
Finance Isidore Goukovski (Jew)
Press Volodarski (Jew)
Elections Ouritski (Jew)
Justice I. Steinberg (Jew)
Refugees Fenigstein (Jew)
Refugees (assist.) Savitch (Jew)
Refugees (assist.) Zaslovski (Jew)

NAME NATIONALITY
Sverdlov (president) (Jew)
Avanessof (sec.) (Armenian)
Bruno (Latvian)
Babtchinski (Jew)
Bukharin (Russian)
Weinberg (Jew)
Gailiss (Jew)
Ganzburg (Jew)
Danichevski (Jew)
Starck (German)
Sachs (Jew)
Scheinmann (Jew)
Erdling (Jew)
Landauer (Jew)
Linder (Jew)
Wolach (Czech)
Dimanstein (Jew)
Encukidze (Georgian)
Ermann (Jew)
Joffe (Jew)
Karkline (Jew)
Knigissen (Jew)
Rosenfeldt (Kamenef) (Jew)
Apfelbaum (Zinovief) (Jew)
Krylenko (Russian)
Krassikof Sachs (Jew)
Kaprik (Jew)
Kaoul (Latvian)
Ulyanov (Lenin) (Russian) (Jew)*
Latsis (Jew)
Lander (Jew)
Lounatcharski (Russian)
Peterson (Latvian)
Peters (Latvian)
Roudzoutas (Jew)
Rosine (Jew)
Smidovitch (Jew)
Stoutchka (Latvian)
Nakhamkes (Steklof) (Jew)
Sosnovski (Jew)
Skrytnik (Jew)
Bronstein (Trotsky) (Jew)
Teodorovitch (Jew)
Terian (Armenian)
Ouritski (Jew)
Telechkine (Russian)
Feldmann (Jew)
Froumkine (Jew)
Souriupa (Ukrainian)
Tchavtchevadze (Georgian)
Scheikmann (Jew)
Rosental (Jew)
Achkinazi (Imeretian) (Jew) ***
Karakhane Karaim (Jew)
Rose (Jew)
Sobelson (Radek) (Jew)
Sclichter (Jew)
Schikolini (Jew)
Chklianski (Jew)
Levine (Pravdine) (Jew)
NAME NATIONALITY
Dzerjinski (president) (Pole) (Jew)**
Peters (vice-president) (Latvian)
Chklovski (Jew)
Kheifiss (Jew)
Zeistine (Jew)
Razmirovitch (Jew)
Kronberg (Jew)
Khaikina (Jewess)
Karlson (Latvian)
Schaumann (Jew)
Leontovitch (Jew)
Jacob Goldine (Jew)
Glaperstein (Jew)
Kniggisen (Jew)
Latzis (Latvian)
Schillenkuss (Jew)
Janson (Latvian)
Rivkine (Jew)
Antonof (Russian)
Delafabre (Jew)
Tsitkine (Jew)
Roskirovitch (Jew)
G. Sverdlof (Jew)
Biesenski (Jew)
Blioumkine (Jew)
Alexandrevitch (Russian)
I. Model (Jew)
Routenberg (Jew)
Pines (Jew)
Sachs (Jew)
Daybol (Latvian)
Saissoune (Armenian)
Deylkenen (Latvian)
Liebert (Jew)
Vogel (German)
Zakiss (Latvian)

*After his death, Lenin’s Jewish ancestry was revealed to Stalin by his sister.

**Dzerjinski (Dzerzhinsky) is believed to have been a Jew by some. There are reports he spoke Yiddish at home.

*** Achkinazi is believed by some to be Jewish. Imeretia is a place in Georgia.

83% or 10 out of 12 Central Committee members were Jews.
82% or 18 out of 22 Council of the People’s Commissars were Jews.
72% or 43 out of 60 Central Executive Committee members were Jews.
69% or 25 out of 36 Extraordinary Commission of Moscow members were Jews.
Overall, 74% or 96 out of 130 positions were occupied by Jews.
The proportion may be higher if crypto-Jews are taken into account.

Read more at heretical.com

Also:

  • The Myth of German Villainy by Benton L. Bradberry (link)
  • Communism Was Jewish (link)
  • Exposed: Six Million Was a Lie (link)

the jews behind stalin

VIDEO: ZIONIST: The Hidden History of Jewish Bolshevism

VIDEO:  ZIONIST:The Hidden History of Jewish Bolshevism.avi   Youtube

bobby fischer communism mask for judaism 500w sml

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“The Gulag Archipelago” and The Wisdom of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Video: The The Gulag Archipelago and The Wisdom of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Youtube

Read more at ArchiveOrg: Gulag Archipelago

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#baigaisgads #latvia

Latvia: Year of Horror

“Latvia: Year of Horror” – Atrocities committed by Soviets in Latvia

WARNING: Pictures are distressing

Latvia: Year of Horror

This book, also called The Ghastly Year, The Horrible Year or Baigais Gads (Latvian), was written by Paula Kovalevskis, Oskars Noritis and Mikelis Goppers. It was first published in Riga, Latvia, by Zelta Abele Publisher in 1942.

It is about the year 1940 when the Soviets arrived in Latvia.  The events depicted happened over approximately a year. The photos in the book catalogue the horrific events that followed this occupation. The horrors ended when the Soviets left Latvia ahead of the arrival of the German forces.

Website of book:  The Horrible Year

Another website of book: Baigais Gads I  | Baigais Gads II  |  Baigais Gads III

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From  Website: The Horrible Year

Victims 

Ordinary citizens became victims of the Soviets’ Cheka, the name of the secret police organization. Other names of this organization are NKVD and KGB. Victims were tailors, school teachers and station masters.

Many bodies show signs of torture. Nails were ripped off, eyes were poked out, noses, ears and tongues were cut off, genitals were mutilated and cut off and stuffed in the victims’ mouths, limbs were broken, faces were bashed in, breasts were sliced off, bottles and other items were shoved into vaginas and rectums, and throats were cut (“Yiddish Butcher’s Cut”).

school department director-raw

crime was their positions

tortured martyr-raw

bolshevism tortured-raw

tailor voldemars

not much left of a person2-raw

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#crimes

Their “crimes”?

Here are some of the supposed infractions the people detained by the Cheka. These would be enough to earn the citizen the death penalty.

“Sang Latvian folk songs.”
“Did not sing The Internationale on May 1st.”
“Was a descendant of wealthy farmers.”
“Was utilizing labor force of others.”
“Hid in the forest.”
“During an air raid was in a cemetery.”
“Was a member of corporation.”
“Was a member of the Mazpulki organization.”
“Was a National Guardsman.”
“Was a policeman.”
“Had been awarded the Lacplesis Order.”
“Fought in the Latvian Army against Bolshevism.”
“Was disposed to anti-Bolshevism.”
“Ignored Red Army soldiers.”
“Had defamed the Bolshevik Party.”
“Was an adjutant of the State President of Latvia.”
“Raised hostility against other nations.”

Baigais Gads – link

The killers

the killers

jewess

Torture cells and execution rooms of the Cheka

cells.jpg

shooting gallery

drain corner shooting gallery

ground opened up summer house

dug graves

They took the prisoners out of the prisons and executed them before they left Latvia ahead of the German army’s approach

massacre of people riga prisons

lines of corpses

line of corpses

This lucky couple escaped the carnage

latvian couple

The occupying forces from the East formed a new government

earth opened up demonstration

soviet animal

yiddish sports

true voluntary voter

Families were ripped from their homes in the middle of the night

latvian people

Civilians were picked up, taken to interrogation rooms, tortured, and then dumped in garbage

murdered workers thrown into garbage

Bodies were found everywhere – even in a church area

krusta church

identification of corpses

This sight met the arriving German forces

arriving german forces

The Soviets even killed people in the streets up until the last day of occupation

Balance sheet of the Ghastly Year

Between 1940 to 1941, during the occupation of Latvia by the Soviets, 1,355 people were murdered. Of these, 102 were women and 18 were children.

In total, 34,250 people were either banished (driven away into exile), went missing, or were murdered by the Soviet authorities.

THE BALANCE SHEET OF THE GHASTLY YEAR

      Everything that the Latvian people and state received from the Bolshevik
government which came with promises of freedom, brotherhood and equality,
happy life and sunshine future.

ARRESTED … BANISHED … MURDERED … MISSING …

34.250

E m p l o y e d Banished
13./14. VI, 1941
Arrested and
banished
Missing
(driven away)
after 14. VI, 1941
Murdered Total
In agriculture 3.839 766 551 226 5.381
Industry, crafts, trade 1.586 1.084 2.988 162 5.820
Traffic, transport 227 281 2.375 59 2.942
Soldiers, police employees 982 682 3.340 190 5.194
State and local government employees 1.311 599 569 77 2.556
Free professions 697 178 209 44 1.128
Landlords, old age people 196 38 12 251
Students, children 3.290 364 1.070 49 4.773
In household 1.953 42 298 3 2.296
Other, of unknown occupation 613 2.007 749 540 3.909

T O T A L : 14.693 6.041 12.161 1.355 34.250
Among them
     men 6.294 5.686 9.801 1.235 23.016
     women 5.174 338 1.604 102 7.218
     children before age of 16 years 3.225 17 756 18 4.016

From Riga 3.540 1.925 5.812 298 11.566
     Vidzeme 2.942 999 1.660 302 5.903
     Kurzeme 2.146 583 968 144 3.841
     Zemgale 2.655 657 768 110 4.190
     Latgale 3.558 986 1.122 206 5.872
     Unknown 52 891 1.831 304 3.072

BaigaisGads

Latvia was occupied twice by the Soviets: 1940-1941 and 1944-1990

The brutality of [the] First Soviet occupation (1940-1941) was such that it has been named the “Year of Terror“. All Latvian property was nationalized. Some 35,000 were arrested, murdered or expelled to inhospitably cold Siberia – most never to return. 1% of all Latvians (15,000) were expelled to their deaths in Siberia in a single night of June 14, 1941 alone.

Read more: onlatvia.com

Links to the book

PDF of the book: Year of Horror

Can download file from here: LatviaYearOfHorror-baigais gads

Website of book:

Other links:

The arrival of Germans after the communists left was greeted with joy and relief

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Lettland, Riga; Begrüßung der deutschen Soldaten

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“Tales of the Holohoax” examined

This is a satirical expose of the Holocaust myth. The drawings may look facetious but the accompanying writing actually sheds much light on the so-called “atrocity” of the Holocaust and the examination of the so-called Holocaust is sober and uses sources from the literature, including scientifically sound research.

Holohoax Cartoons

Holohoax: Separating Fact from Fiction

“Genuine Miracles of the Holy Hoax

Down through the ages, God’s Holy People have miraculously experienced all kinds of miracles and miraculously survived all kinds of holocausts to get where they are today … serving as a beacon of morality unto all nations.”

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#holodomor

Holodomor

This was a man-made famine in 1932-1933, directed at mainly Ukrainians, who were being punished for being too nationalistic, that killed 7-14 million people. Amid starvation, laws were enforced, such as the law that punished people with death for picking up stray stalks of wheat to use as food (“Law of Spikelets”). Not only that, the USSR actually exported large quantities of food to Europe during the time the famine was raging. Other groups who suffered were Russians and Uzbeks.

The architect of the famine was Stalin’s right hand man and brother-in-law, Lazar Kaganovich.

This famine was only one of three major ones that struck the USSR. The other two were in 1917-1918 and 1946-1947.

food is a weapon

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Holodomor.

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Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich Stalins “Kulak” trouble shooter. Between 1928-34, up to 16 million people died in the Ukraine, as a result of mass stravation, shootings, even bombing of entire towns by the Red Army/ Airforce. later he was involved in mass deportations to Siberia of ethnic Muslims in Crimea. He once boasted to Stalin, that famine was cheaper then bullets to kill the Kulaks.  

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A victim of the Josef Stalin-ordered Holodomor famine, which killed millions of Ukrainians from 1932-33, is lying on a Kharkiv street in 1933.    

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These are not the victims of the Nazis. It’s Ukrainians. victims of communist madness.  

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Soviet police load corpses of Holodomor victims onto a train, 1932-1933, somewhere in Ukraine.  

(http://www.holodomoreducation.org/index.php/id/197)

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The Great Russian famine (1919-1922). Cannibalism. 6 million people died.   

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A family in Ukraine Starves during the #Holodomor. Photo taken 11 November 1932 pic.twitter.com/vN1Wz2NkZv.    

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September 1933, approximately two-thirds of Ukrainian pupils were recorded as missing from schools.  

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Jeff Blom saved to Holodomor Massacre of Ukrainian Christians

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Dead child, a victim of the Famine Genocide in Kharkov. Ukraine, 1933. 

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Hungry and neglected children — the so-called “Besprisornyje” (“the waifs”). 

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Two boys with a cache of potatoes they have found during the man-made Holodomor famine in the Ukraine, former Soviet Union, Spring 1934.     

Video: Holodomor – Man-made famine and genocide in Ukraine

VIDEO:  Holodomor – Man-made famine and genocide in Ukraine  ArchiveOrg

Another video about the Holomodor: Youtube

References

Holodomor – link
Holodomor denial – link
Holodomor: Who caused it? – link

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Is the so-called Holocaust being used as a shield to cover up the crimes committed by Jewish people during the war?

Can so-called victims be the aggressors? Things are rarely black and white. Two sides in a conflict can be both victims and aggressors. No one comes out as completely clean in a conflict.

With the passage of time, people in general become more emotionally divorced from the events of World War II, and are able to view history with a more dispassionate eye.

Researchers are constantly unearthing new information about World War II. In particular, evidence is being discovered that Jews as an ethnic group were also the aggressors as well as the victims of World War II, and the cruelty of Jewish aggressors rivaled the worst abusers of human rights of that period, as the following account shows.

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Gulag 

Conditions in the gulag were grim and the death toll is high. The exact death toll is not known but it’s speculated that 39 million perished in the camps. Food was deliberately made scarce to encourage the workers to work as hard as they could. Work was laborious, such as breaking up rocks and digging tunnels, and the prisoners lacked the energy to perform it because of the low number of calories consumed. Temperatures were often subzero in the Siberian regions. All around it was hell on earth.

The gulags are thought to have been designed to be a system of slave labor so that the government could take advantage of the prisoners, and profit from them.

________________________________

Food in the gulag

“No work, no food”

There was a “No work, no food” policy in many camps. The amount of food was linked to a prisoner’s productivity.  This was part of Naftaly Frenkel’s “nourishment scale” or “You-eat-as-you-work” system. This system contributed greatly to the death toll at the camps. Daily rations of 1,200-1,300 calories were given to people who had to do hard labor that required 3,100-3,900 calories a day (WHO).

Food rations not compatible with life in many cases

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Daily food ration: 400 to 800 grams of bread.

Daily calories: 1,200 to 1,300 calories.

Aim: To get rid of prisoners after 3 months, as prisoners were the most productive in the first 3 months, and were easily replaced as new arrivals were constantly entered the gulag system – Naftaly Frenkel’s “efficiency system”.

Dokhodiaga (Goner)

goner.jpg

Goners were extremely emaciated prisoners on the verge of death from starvation. Their presence constantly reminded prisoners of their potential fate if they failed to fulfill work quotas and thus were deprived of their full food rations.

Soup Ration

Drawing by Jacques Rossi. (Courtesy of Regina Gorzkowski-Rossi.)

Nazino – “Cannibal Island”

muka-grubogo-pomola

“The only thing they were given to eat by the guards was flour, which they mixed with river water to drink. It immediately gave them dysentery.

On the first night in their new home, 295 people died.”

Read more at Nazino

How much bread you got depended on how much timber you cut

“The most productive workers received a food bonus of fish, potatoes, porridge, or vegetables to supplement his bread.

How much bread you got depended on how much timber you had cut the day before, a tally that really could be the difference between life and death. Those who met 100 per cent of the punishing targets — a physical impossibility for most men — earned 900g of bread (about 2lb), while those returning only 50 per cent of their targets got 300g.

Made from rye which had not been thoroughly cleaned, this black bread was the source of Gulag life and carefully hoarded throughout the day. A little with the breakfast soup; a few bites during the short dinner break at midday; more with the soup in the evening to stave off the inevitable pangs of hunger after 12 hours of cutting and stacking logs.” (Lev Razgon)

Daily Mail

Surviving on slumgullion

‘Bowl of slumgullion* and 300 g. of bread were all the man could hope after working the entire day outside in the cold. Trying to get a fake satiety, prisoners boiled the bread in salted water. Swelling, tag on the foot and prison graveyard were the result. The inmates were saying that Gulag was worse than Nazi concentration camps.’

*slumgullion: insubstantial and cheap stew

eating in a gulag

Meal time in a gulag

Lack of fresh food

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“We had no winter clothes … all my teeth fell out because of lack of vitamins … we slept on a mattress stuffed with woodchips.”

_______________________________

Personal possessions in the gulag

utensils

Prisoners’ eating utensils

plate  Dish from labor camp Stvor, Perm region, 1950s. Before the 1950s, camps did not provide dishes, and prisoners ate food from small pots.

spoon.jpg  Portion of hand-made spoon from labor camp Bugutychag, Kolyma, 1930s. Spoons were considered a luxury in the 1930s and 1940s, and most prisoners had to eat with their hands and drink soup out of pots.

pot.jpg  Pot made out of a tin can from a labor camp in Kolyma, 1930s. Such pots were made in the camp workshops by prisoners who exchanged them for food.

mug.jpg  Camp mug from labor camp Bugutychag, Kolyma, 1930s. Originally manufactured as a kerosene measuring cup, this mug is unusually durable. It was probably stolen from the camp workshop by a prisoner to use as his personal mug.

Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.

Newcomers had their good clothes and possessions taken from them

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A drawing by Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia, a former Gulag prisoner.

New arrivals were stripped outside in the cold. Their belongings were searched and guards took the good shoes, mittens, scarves, sweaters and vests for themselves, leaving the inmates with just rags.

“The arrival at the corrective labor camp turned out to be the culmination of the humiliation. First we were made to strip naked and were shoved into some roofless enclosures made out of planks. Above our heads the stars twinkled; below our bare feet lay frozen excrement. An enclosure measured 3 square feet. Each held three to four naked, shivering, and frightened men and women. Then these ’kennel cages’ were opened one after the other and the naked people were led across a courtyard‘the camp version of a foyer‘into a special building where our documents were ’formulated’ and our things were ’searched.’

The goal of the search was to leave us with rags, and to take the good things ’sweaters, mittens, socks, scarves, vests, and good shoes’for themselves. Ten thieves shamelessly fleeced these destitute and barely alive people.

Courtesy of Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia Foundation, Moscow.

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Camp jacket of maximum security prisoner

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Work in the gulag

Gulag prisoners could work up to 14 hours per day. Typical Gulag labor was exhausting physical work. Toiling sometimes in the most extreme climates, prisoners might spend their days felling trees with handsaws and axes or digging at frozen ground with primitive pickaxes. Others mined coal or copper by hand, often suffering painful and fatal lung diseases from inhalation of ore dust. Prisoners were barely fed enough to sustain such difficult labor.

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Prisoners work at Belbaltlag, a Gulag camp for building the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal.

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Prisoners work at Belbaltlag, a Gulag camp for building the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal.

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Prisoners mine gold at Kolyma, the most notorious Gulag camp in extreme northeastern Siberia.

PUBLIC DM ORIGINALS 31/05/2003 (P43) 1933 STALIN SLAVE LABOUR CAMP

Horrific: Workers in the gulag had to endure sub-Arctic temperatures, undertake heavy labour at gunpoint and try to avoid starving to death

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Hellish: Manacled and with barely enough clothing to keep them warm, prisoners had to work in Siberian temperatures. Toture, or death, was common for anyone who didn’t comply

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No escape: Women and children work at a gulag in 1932. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death

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Siberian Hinterland. To the east of the Perm region lies the vast Siberian hinterland. (Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.)

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Saw. A typical frame-saw used by the timber camp prisoners. (Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.)

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A pick axe used by gulag prisoners at a gulag museum

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Hauling rocks at a gulag

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Uranium mine in gulag at Pevek, Chukotka. Here workers would breathe in the deadly uranium dust. 

___________________________________

Child care and medical care in the gulag

9 grammes – a communist ticket to “happy childhood”.’

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‘Because of overpopulation in special orphanages for “traitors of the motherland family members”, “enemy” childeren were executed in Tomsk, Mariinsk and Shimanovskaya railroad station, Central Isolation Cell of BAM prison camp. It was considered that after reaching the age of majority, they would become a threat to existing system.’

________________

More frequently, mothers had little respite from forced labor to give birth, and Gulag officials took babies from their mothers and placed them in special orphanages. Often these mothers were never able to find their children after leaving the camps.

________________

“HAVA VOLOVICH was a newspaper sub-editor who was arrested in 1937, aged 21… She remained in the Gulag for 16 years, where she became one of the tens of thousands of young prisoners to become pregnant and have a baby. Prison nurseries did exist, but malnutrition, restrictive breast-feeding schedules and astonishing cruelty often resulted in the child suffering an early death …

I saw nurses shoving and kicking children out of bed before washing them in ice-cold water. I saw a nurse grab the nearest baby, tie back its arms and then cram spoonful after spoonful of hot porridge down its throat.

My little Eleanor began to fade faster. ‘Mama, want home,’ she cried one evening, her little body covered with mysterious bruises.

On the last day of her life, when I picked her up to breast-feed her, she stared wide-eyed into the distance, clawing and biting at my breast, begging to be put down.

In the evening, when I came back with my little bundle of firewood, her cot was empty. I found her lying naked in the morgue among the corpses of the adult prisoners. She had spent one year and four months in this world and died on March 3, 1944.”

Daily Mail

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Maria Tchebotareva

“Trying to feed her four hungry children during the massive 1932-1933 famine, the peasant mother allegedly stole three pounds of rye from her former field—confiscated by the state as part of collectivization. Soviet authorities sentenced her to ten years in the Gulag. When her sentence expired in 1943, it was arbitrarily extended until the end of the war in 1945. After her release, she was required to live in exile near her Gulag camp north of the Arctic Circle, and she was not able to return home until 1956, after the death of Stalin. Maria Tchebotareva never found her children after her release.”

Living in the Gulag

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Children in a gulag nursery

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Starving children in Ukraine; conditions were not much better outside the gulag for many children

starving and ragged children ukraine.jpg

Starving and ragged children during a famine in the USSR. The USSR had three major famines under communism. 

No visits by the Red Cross took place at the gulags.

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Living Conditions in the gulag

How cold did it get in the gulags?

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Temperatures in the Vorkuta’s death camp could go as low as -40°F. This is equal to -40°C. A temperature of -40° is where Fahrenheit and Celsius are exactly equal.

Infamous gulags were in arctic or subarctic regions where temperatures could go as low as -71°C

The infamous gulag complexes were those at Kolyma, Norilsk, and Vorkuta, all in arctic or subarctic regions. (Wikipedia)

indigirka-sml

The area along the Indigirka river was known as the Gulag inside the Gulag. In 1926, the Oimiakon village in this region registered the record low temperature of −71.2 °C (−96 °F). (Wikipedia)

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Siberian taiga* in the river valley near Verkhoyansk. The lowest temperature recorded there was −68°C (−90°F). (Wikipedia)

Clothing

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Typical winter overcoat worn by most of the Soviet population in the 1930s through 1950s. The coat is very similar to the type provided to Gulag prisoners.

Barracks

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A typical camp building in a gulag. Many were built from logs. 

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These camp houses would be scattered around the gulag

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Inside one of these draughty shacks. The walls would not keep out the cold in winter. 

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Gulag women living in overcrowded, poorly heated barracks. (Courtesy of the International Memorial Society.)

Camp hospital

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Death surrounds: Prisoners with severe malnutrition in a camp hospital, most were expected to die. How much bread they got depended on how much timber they had cut the day before – a tally that could be the difference between life and death

Siberian gulag

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A gulag camp in the taiga. Sub-zero temperatures occurred all winter-long. Some people said there was winter for 12 months of the year.

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Building in a gulag 

Improvised boot of a Polish prisoner shortly before he was released from a gulag camp

inside gulag camp stalin posters

Room in the barracks

teeth fell out woodchips bed

Mattresses would often consist of wood chips. 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Hard uneven slats would form the base of the narrow bunk beds

bed bunks in a gulag

Beds in a gulag

bed bunks gulag

A dorm in a gulag

Bunk beds for prisoners at Perm-36. (Yuli Weeks/VOA)

The timbers that made the base were uneven and bumpy. There were big gaps between them. 

IMG_2946

Bed in a gulag; hard uneven boards with gaps in between the slats provided the narrow base for inmates to lie on. 

________________________________

(For Part II of “Debunking the Holocaust”, go here)

_______________________________

REFERENCE ARTICLES

Treating cyanide poisoning patients

Cyanide

Cyanide may be found as a pale blue liquid, white solid crystal or colorless gas. It is used in many industrial settings such a paper manufacturing, blueprinting, engraving and metal treatment. Cyanide is also used as a fumigant and is a byproduct of combustion of synthetic materials. This is one of the fastest acting poisons, and is taken into the body through all routes. It has a bitter almond smell to those who can smell it, but the olfactory response fades quickly. Cyanide prevents the uptake of oxygen into the blood stream and further halts cellular respiration, thus causing chemical asphyxiation. Pulseoximetry will indicate FALSELY high, due to the fact that the cyanide binding to the hemoglobin.

DECON: Airway protection via SCBA and chemical protective clothing may be required of the rescuer and should be performed only by properly trained personnel. The patient should be removed from the contaminated area. Remove and bag their clothing and any jewelry. Brush away any dry particles and blot excess liquids. Wash patient with a mild soap and warm water.

EMS_HazMatProtocols.pdf

Washtenaw/Livingston MCA, HEMS MCA System Protocols – Hazardous Materials Medical Response Team CYANIDE EXPOSURE

Cyanide Exposure Chemical Agents

1. Agents of Concern Include: Cyanide

a. Hydrogen Cyanide

b. Potassium / Sodium Cyanide

c. Cyanogen Chloride

2. Detection: The presence of these agents can be detected through specialized environmental monitoring equipment available to hazardous materials response teams.

3. Modes of Exposure

a. Inhalation (including smoke inhalation)

b. Ingestion

c. Skin absorption unlikely

Assessment

1. Shortness of breath

a. Possibly accompanied by chest pain

b. Generally not associated with cyanosis (blue skin membranes)

c. Pulse oximetry levels usually normal

d. Usually associated with increased respiratory rate and depth

e. Potential for rapid respiratory arrest

i. Confusion, decreased level of consciousness, coma

ii. Seizures

iii. Headache, dizziness, vertigo (sense of things spinning)

iv. Pupils dilate (late)

Pre-Medical Control

PARAMEDIC

1. Follow the General HAZMAT Treatment protocol.

2. Administer oxygen 10-15 L via non-rebreather mask.

3. Caution: Responders must protect themselves from secondary contamination due to offgassing and body fluids.

4. Transport with good ventilation and appropriate respiratory protection.

Government Hazmat Protocols

Hydrogen Cyanide – Prehospital Management

Agent Identification

  • Hydrogen cyanide has a distinctive bitter almond odor, but some individuals cannot detect it and consequently, it may not provide adequate warning of hazardous concentrations. The odor of hydrogen cyanide is detectable at 2-10 ppm (OSHA PEL = 10 ppm), but does not provide adequate warning of hazardous concentrations. Perception of the odor is a genetic trait (20 % to 40 % of the general population cannot detect hydrogen cyanide).
  • Hydrogen cyanide is highly toxic by all routes of exposure. The amount of cyanide, the duration of exposure, and the route of exposure all influence the time to onset and the severity of illness.
  • With higher doses the time of onset of symptoms typically is seconds following inhalation of gaseous hydrogen cyanide and may cause abrupt onset of profound CNS, cardiovascular, and respiratory effects, leading to death within minutes. Signs and symptoms may present over a much longer period of time if the the poisoning is gradual with lower doses.
  • Liquid agent, which is readily absorbed through skin (especially in young children and pregnant women), can produce symptoms immediately or be delayed up to an hour.
  • Responders should obtain assistance in identifying the chemical(s) from container shapes, placards, labels, shipping papers, and analytical tests. General information on these identification technicques is located in Emergency Response Guidebook.
  • Identification ToolsCHEMM-IST, WISER, Cyanide Chemical Properties
  • Devices – M256A1 chemical agent detector kit (liquid and vapor), Chemical Agent Detector C2 Kit (liquid and vapor), M18A3, M90 chemical agent detectors (vapor), Draeger CDS Kit (vapor and aerosol), M272 chemical water testing, Hazmat Smart Strips (qualitative)
  • A comprehensive source for the selection of chemical identification equipment is the Guide for the Selection of Chemical Detection Equipment for Emergency First Responders, Guide 100-06, January 2007, 3rd Edition published by the Department of Homeland Security to assist with this process.
  • Persons whose clothing or skin is contaminated with cyanide-containing solutions can secondarily contaminate response personnel by direct contact or through off-gassing vapor.

Rescuer Protection

  • Persons whose clothing or skin is contaminated with cyanide-containing solutions can secondarily contaminate response personnel by direct contact or through off-gassing vapor.
  • PPE Required – Level A
  • Link to PPE, Rescuer Safety Prehospital Management section
  • Link to Reference Section for Acute Event PPE-related Safety Information

nih.gov

___________________

#letter

Letter advising cyanide be used as a pesticide

Letter from Heerdt-Lingler company concerning using cyanide as vermin control. This method of disinfection, the letter states, was used extensively in the military as well as in labor-service camps. (cwporter.com)

beeld-44-bdr

cwporter.com

beeld-44a-bdr

cwporter.com

Translation of the above letter:

HEERDT-LINGLER GMBH

Regarding: Vermin control by means of ZYLKON hydrocyanic acid gas.

With reference to the conversation on the 6th of this month, in which the administrative director, Hauptsturmführer Weichselsdörfer, expressed an interest in the radical delousing of barracks in speaking to Dr. Rachs of our firm.

The best and cheapest means of achieving such a purpose is our ZYKLON hydrocyanic acid gas process, which, as may be seen from the enclosed prospectus, guarantees the complete elimination of bedbugs, lice and fleas as well as all rodents in all stages of development as well as their young without damage to the building, installation, materials, dyes, metals, etc…. during the procedure. There are no residual odors.

As the leading company in vermin control, we are engaged in the constant disinfestations of public and private buildings of all kinds against all possible kinds of vermin. We have carried out disinfestations operations for Reichs administration offices, the Wehrmacht, Air Force, Army and Navy as well as all disinfestations operations which may prove necessary in the (labor service) camps. Our process is of particular significance when old barracks and buildings, inhabited by civilians during the post-war period, must again be converted for military purposes.

In view of the fact that an, exact determination of the extent of infestation is impossible due to the concealed life cycle of the vermin, which clings to electrical wiring, cracks in the walls, heating and ventilation conduits and the like and since partial gassings always fail in their purpose due to continued infestation, we recommend TOTAL gassing of the building which, carried out using ZYKLON B hydrocyanic acid gas, guarantees total elimination of all vermin within two days, without endangering adjacent areas. We offer many years of experience and guarantee the particular conscientiousness of our expert personnel. We assume full responsibility. The buildings must, however, be vacated all personal belongings behind, such as suitcases, cartons and so forth, including the most essential items. For this purpose, we advise the complete gassing of all buildings, one after the other, with simultaneous delousing of all personnel. This has been our procedure with the Wehrmacht, as described in the enclosed printed material.

In the event that you are interested, please provide us with more exact information as to be number location, type of construction, roofing and dimensions (cubic meters, length and breadth, from outside corner to outside corner and height, including, for example, the measurement of any basement cavities) of the barracks to be disinfested. In addition, please advise us as to how many barracks must be vacated and totally gassed for 2 – 3 days at the same time in one single working process. We will be pleased to send you a corresponding price offer. We remain gladly at your disposal for any further information and advice on the spot, without cost or obligation to you.

We wait your reply with interest.

HEERDT – LINGLER GMBH

cwporter.com

______________________________________

#heretical

Composition of the Bolshevik Party in 1918-1920

heretical.com

The most detailed description of Jewish influence in the Bolshevik ‘revolution comes from Robert Wilton, the Russian correspondent of The Times. In 1920 he published a book in French, Les Derniers Jours des Romanofs, which gave the racial background of all the members of the Soviet government. (This does not appear in the later English translation, for some odd reason.) After the publication of this monumental work, Wilton was ostracised by the press, and he died in poverty in 1925. He reported that the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party was made up as follows:

NAME NATIONALITY
Bronstein (Trotsky) Jew
Apfelbaum (Zinovief) Jew
Lourie (Larine) Jew
Ouritski Jew
Volodarski Jew
Rosenfeldt (Kamanef) Jew
Smidovitch Jew
Sverdlof (Yankel) Jew
Nakhamkes (Steklof) Jew
Ulyanov (Lenin)* Russian
Krylenko Russian
Lounatcharski Russian

The Council of the People’s Commissars comprises the following:

MINISTRY NAME NATIONALITY
President Ulyanov (Lenin) Russian
Foreign Affairs Tchitcherine Russian
Nationalities Djugashvili (Stalin) Georgian
Agriculture Protian Armenian
Economic Council Lourie (Larine) Jew
Food Schlichter Jew
Army & Navy Bronstein (Trotsky) Jew
State Control Lander Jew
State Lands Kauffman Jew
Works V. Schmidt Jew
Social Relief E. Lelina (Knigissen) Jewess
Public Instruction Lounatcharsky Russian

Read more at heretical.com

*After his death, Lenin’s Jewish ancestry was revealed.

___________________________________________

reality-of-auschwitz-2

U.S. gas chambers to execute prisoners
Facilities in the camps
Did you hear the story of soap made from human fat?
Lampshades made from human skin story – is this story true?
Other myths of the Holocaust disproved
Persecution of Holocaust Revisionists
Gassing wagons
http://www.vho.org/gB/Books/dth/fndieselgc.html
Forced march of German ethnics – biggest migration of people in the world
Which countries make Holocaust revisionism a crime?
Boer War concentration camps
Lenni Brenner, Marxist revisionist
Why are only wasted emaciated bodies of dead inmates seen?
Comparison of corpses found at National Socialist camps and USSR detention centers
Absence of signs of torture and abuse in bodies
No order given for mass extermination of Jews
‘Gaol Fever’: Typhus in American Civil War concentration camps

__________________________

#gasmask
#naked
#strictpolicy
#ussrattitude
#statue
#metgethen
#dresden
#russianfemaleprisoners
#follow
#beria
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#drawingsfromthegulag
#danzigbaldaev
#compareandcontrast
#food
#nazino
#utensils
#work
#chinese
#childcare #medical
#livingconditions
#sauna
#testimony
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#howmanykilled
#gulagdeaths
#deportations
#famines
#redterror
#deathbygovernment
#genocides
#listofmassacres
#bolsheviksingov
#jewsingovernment
#bolshevikparty
#baigaisgads
#latvia
#crimes
#holodomor
#letter
#heretical

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